Gypsophila, or as it is also called, gypsum apply to the herb from the family of cloves. In botany, there are over 100 species of perennial and annual gypsophilus.
From the name it is easy to guess that the flower likes limestone soil. For an attractive look and a gentle crown, it is called “baby's breath”.
A distinctive feature of the rest of the plants is considered the large size of the flower and the plant as a whole. The stem can reach a height of 1.2 meters (depending on the variety variety).
The branched stalk at the bottom is decorated with narrow leaves of a gray-green shade. The top of the stem is decorated with a huge number of terry inflorescences. One inflorescence about 8 mm.
Flowers can combine white and pink hue of varying intensity. After blooming bud, he can modify his color palette.
Fruit - the so-called “box”, which includes a huge number of small seeds.
Seed germination persists for 3 years.
The root system of the plant can reach a length of up to 70 centimeters, which ensures easy extraction of the required amount of water.
Types and varieties
Gypsophila includes varieties that differ in color palette, shape and height. The most famous in nature are:
- Graceful (Gypsophila elegans). Belongs to the category of annuals. It is strongly branched and in height rarely exceeds the mark of 50 cm. A distinctive feature is a bush in the shape of a ball. The flowers are small in size - up to 1 centimeter, can be white or pink,
- Pacific (Gypsophila pacifica). It is a perennial plant with a height of not more than 1 meter. The form has the form of a sprawling bush with numerous branching branches. The flowers are miniature, pale pink color,
- Creeping (Gypsophila muralis). Belongs to the category of a low annual plant. Bushy shape with miniature white or pale pink buds. Foliage linear, dark green,
- Paniculata Snowflake (Gypsophila paniculata Snowflake). A distinctive feature of the perennial paniculate snowflake is the spherical shape of the bush with miniature (no more than 0.6 cm in diameter) inflorescences. The color palette of the panic can be: white, light or dark pink. Often it is also called “cobweb”. For your information, snowflake means “snowflakes”, therefore it is often called “snow flakes”,
Hypophila Double Snowflake
Growing from seed
Cultivation from seeds can be carried out either at the beginning of the spring period, or already towards the winter in the end of November - the beginning of December.
Planting seeds produced in the breeding beds. At the main place grown and matured seedlings can be planted only in the autumn or spring.
At the same place the plant can grow up to 25 years.
If we talk about the seedling method of cultivation, the seeds can be planted in April in boxes under the seedlings. Be sure to cover them with glass. After a few weeks, the seeds will germinate and it will be necessary to thin them. It is enough to observe the distance between plants up to 15 cm.
After the first foliage appears on the plant - it can be transplanted into the soil for permanent habitat.
To achieve rapid reproduction of gypsophila terry forms, it is recommended to use the method of grafting. But here you need to take into account the peculiarities of plant reproduction in this way, you need to have experience and knowledge.
Cuttings are cut at the beginning of spring. The process of rooting flowers is complex, the percentage of rooting - no more than 20%.
To increase the likelihood of rooting gypsophila need to handle cuttings heteroauxin.
After planting the cuttings in open soil, the top should be covered with a jar and darkened. It is mandatory to monitor the dose of watering: you need to water a small amount, but systematically. Be sure to avoid flooding the root system.
Border of hypospila, lavender, roses.
When planting it is necessary to take into account the distance between the flowers, which directly depends on the project of their planting. For example, if plants are planted in one row, then the distance should be at least 50 centimeters, several rows - 70 cm, while the aisle should not be closer to each other than by 1 meter.
Fortified bushes are allowed to replant again, but in the first few years of life. If this is done at a later date, the flower may die.
The plant in the summer season requires constant systematic watering. Water is poured exclusively at the root. During the whole summer season it is enough to feed the flower several times. This is done with the help of mineral complexes sold in any flower shops.
After the flowering period is over, the gypsophila bushes are pruned a bit. It is enough to leave the root system 3 or 4 stalks. Preparation for the winter period is simple - it is enough to mulch with foliage or peat.
Application in bouquets and landscape design
Gypsophila is often used in landscape design and in the formation of wedding bouquets. The photo below is proof of that.
Photo taken from the site “Otzovik” as an example of the use of gypsophires in the wedding bouquets of the bride. The flower goes well with white roses, giving a gorgeous look to a bouquet. Moreover, with the use of gypsophilia, the bouquet is beautiful and inexpensive at the same time.
And here is a good example of using in landscape design. Photo posted on one of the user forums under the nickname cvetovod. Let's say frankly - it does not look well-groomed, but from the words of the user in the future he will plant some ornamental grass next to it, that is, the view will be completely different. The combination of openwork hypospila with lush pink flowers and greenery is indeed a very good solution.
This photo was shared by the user of one of the forums from Ukraine under the nickname artut76. In his words, the spouse decided to give a beautiful view to the path leading to a small river, where they collect water to irrigate their summer cottage. A little imagination and the road with a bucket of water in your hands does not seem long and troublesome. I can not believe that this layout was made by an amateur, it looks quite professional.
Gypsophila perennial planting and care
When planting a perennial gypsophilus in open soil, it is necessary to do this so that each individual has a meter of free space. It can be planted and thicker, but then after a couple of years it will be necessary to transplant part of the bushes, so that the specimens sit less often.
Care for perennial gypsophilia is simple. It mainly consists of top dressing, which is applied a couple of times a season, alternating between mineral and organic fertilizers.
Please note that you can not make manure as organic, especially fresh, as it destroys this culture.
Cutting gypsophila for the winter
With the arrival of autumn, when the fruits are ripe, they can be collected from seeds that, after drying, are used for reproduction.
By the end of the fall season, the shoots of gypsophila are cut, leaving the 3 strongest, and cover them with dry leaves.
Gypsophila seed rearing
Seeds are easy to sow in the winter on the garden, with which in the spring young plants can be transplanted into a flower bed. This is usually done with annual species, and perennials are more often propagated by growing seedlings.
In early spring, seeds are sown in light soil, deepening them by half a centimeter. After that, the material is covered with glass or film and left in a warm place with a strong diffused light.
After 7-15 days, shoots will sprout, which should be thinned out, so that in the future they will not be difficult to transplant into separate peat pots.
While the plants are young, they need to arrange additional lighting, since the light day needed for seedlings is at least 13 hours. With the appearance on the seedlings of a pair of these sheets, they can be planted in open ground.
It is necessary to select a site for planting carefully, since this plant does not tolerate transplants very well and practically does not need them. The main requirements for the landing site are its good lighting, dryness and the presence of lime in the soil.
If its amount is insufficient, then the substance should be added in such a quantity that the acidity of the substrate is close to 6, that is, so that it becomes slightly acidic.
Gypsophila breeding cuttings
Another method of reproduction is cutting. Young shoots are cut to flowering in the spring or in August.
Root the material in light soil mixed with chalk. Deepen the cuttings need a couple of centimeters and keep them at 20 ° C and high humidity, which is achieved using oilcloth.
Also an important condition is the daylight time of 12 hours, so if necessary, you need to use fitolamps.
When planting young plants in the soil at the end of summer, you need to remember that they must have time to take root before the fall and the beginning of a decrease in temperature.
Diseases and pests
The main reason for the loss of gypsophila pests are violations in the method of cultivation. The most common problems are the appearance of rot, rust and nematodes.
With excess moisture plant roots can rotthat manifests itself in the deterioration of the condition of the bush, its lethargy and dying off. To get rid of the disease, the affected areas are cut off and treated with a fungicide, but with a strong infection it may be necessary to completely remove the plants and disinfect the area with copper sulfate, which is carried out a couple of times with an interval of ten days.
Also bluestone helps and from rust.
From nematode get rid of a series of treatments of bushes with phosphamide, but if the pest remains, then the plants will have to dig up and wash the roots with warm water at 50 ° C.
But all these procedures are quite painful for the flower, so it is best to try not to allow the needs of their use.
The flower of gypsophila forms a bush with a height of 60-100 centimeters. Its stems begin to branch near the ground, and a powerful root system goes into the ground. Leaves are whitish, thin and elongated, 2-7 centimeters long, and 3-10 millimeters wide.
The foliage that grows from the bottom of the stem fades quite early. Small white flowers form a loose whisk. The plant blooms in June-July, and the seeds ripen by August. They are in a round small box with a diameter of about two millimeters.
Swing dreamy - steppe plant native to the Mediterranean coast. Occurs in steppes, on the edges of pine forests, on dry meadows. Prefers sandy and limestone soil. The area of growth is limited to the black earth strip. North of the gypsophila can grow only if the seed will bring wind.
As a medicinal plant, gypsophilia is now used in traditional medicine. It has an antimicrobial, expectorant, analgesic effect. From it, prepare infusions of water and take them for colds, inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Raw materials for infusions can be dried roots, stems, leaves, flowers. All raw materials undergo rapid drying to preserve saponins.
For business purposes
Kachima roots are used to wash sheep wool and wash wool fabrics. The stems of the plant scare away flies well and you can get a soap substitute from them. It is enough to chop the plant thoroughly - and in combination with water it will give a lot of foam. Gypsophila has such a strong root system that it can keep the sand from moving. Because of this, it is actively used in agriculture to strengthen the soil.
How to paint a baby's breath
While the plant is in the ground, it is almost impossible to paint it. Uncut flower can be painted only if it grows in your pot or flowerpot. When you water it with food dye, moisture gets into the flower, and does not spread throughout the soil.
If you want to use gypsophila to create flower arrangements, then change its color easily. To do this, you need to prepare food dyes or special colors for flowers, a glass vase or a jar and water.
- Dilute the dye in water.
- The flower stems are pruned at an angle of 45 degrees, cutting off three inches from the bottom.
- Ready flower is placed in the stained water for a day. To make the painting process faster, we put the flower in a warm, illuminated place with low air humidity.
- If you want to get a multi-colored flower, then its stem should be cut lengthwise into several parts and put each part in a vase with a certain dye.
- When the dyeing process occurs, wash the stems and place them in a vase of clean water.
Seed in the open ground
It is possible to plant seeds in open ground with the arrival of spring or late autumn. Seed collection takes place in September. Seed material must be dried, and only then stored for storage.
- In order to sow the seeds, it is necessary to prepare the breeding beds.
- The first shoots appear after 10 days. At this time, it is necessary to thin the beds, leaving 10 centimeters between the seedlings.
- A week later, the young flowers are fed with fertilizers.
- With the arrival of autumn or spring, depending on when the crops were made, the young stock is transplanted to a permanent place. Here we must take into account that there should be no more than three bushes per square meter, since they have a very developed root system.
Video: sowing gypsophila in open ground
A plant grown from seeds will only bloom in a year or two.
Planting seeds for seedlings produced in April.
- Preparing the soil. You can take the purchase or garden. Purchase soil must be mixed with garden sand and lime.
- We sprinkle the prepared earth on rassadny cells. We do not tamp.
- Moisturize the soil and spread seeds on its surface. Sprinkle with sand.
- Covering drawers with glass or transparent lid.
- In a couple of days, young shoots will spawn. Foliage will be formed in 15-20 days.
- After 14 days, seedlings should be thinned, leaving a distance of 15 centimeters between them.
- When the root system of the plant completely fills the seedling cell, the flower is transplanted to a permanent place (2-3 shrubs per square meter).
Harvesting cuttings begins in spring, until the inflorescences have formed on the plant. They take root very badly, so they require special care. Harvested stalk planted in the ground, delving into it by two centimeters.
In order for the rooting process to go faster, it is necessary to create favorable conditions. The temperature should be about 20 degrees, and the humidity - high. For this, a greenhouse is constructed or the stalk is covered with a can.
It is also desirable that at the time of planting the plant daylight already lasted about 12 hours. But direct sunlight should not fall on the cuttings, a light shadow is created above them. Before planting, the cuttings can be treated with a solution to accelerate growth.
Soil and fertilizer
The best soil for gypsophila is loamy or sandy with a high content of lime and necessarily loose. The flower does not like sour soils. To keep the acidity in the norm, it is necessary to make ash or dolomite flour every year. Also, the soil should be drained.
With enough sun and heat, the flower does not need additional feeding. In other cases, you must make humus (up to 10 kg per square meter), mineral fertilizers.
Watering and moisture
Only young plants need abundant watering. The rest is watered as it dries. In arid hot time, you also need to increase the amount of water poured under the root of the plant. The main thing - do not allow waterlogging. Kachim used to grow in arid regions, so the increased humidity also does not benefit him.
Preparing for the winter
Gypsophila refers to frost-resistant colors. But in preparation for the frosty period still needs. When the plant blooms, cut the shrub at a height of several centimeters from the roots. Cover the remaining stem with dry leaves or fir branches.