If we plant other vegetables and greens in the beds, and pepino fruit is only in the greenhouse, then the lovage plant, like rhubarb and dill, can be planted and grown anywhere. Until recently, he just grew up in a garden, among trees. True, weeded around it regularly. And only in connection with the redevelopment, the plant was allocated a separate place, but also not on the garden, but to the gooseberry - near the fence.
As a summer resident, I know that lovage is better and easier to propagate either by dividing the bushes or by root cuttings. Planted better in the spring. We dig up the plot for it to the depth of the bayonet spade, we introduce humus and a glass of wood ash. He is well accustomed and quickly grows.
Seeds are sown in early spring, seedlings appear after about 3 weeks. We grow one copy of this plant, but it is enough for all occasions. After winter, the leaves of the plant appear after rhubarb, and after three or four weeks it is ready for consumption. The stem is full and branched. Replaced - even under the root - leaves replacement appears very quickly.
Caring for lovage - nowhere easier!
Care in the cultivation of lovage at the dacha is feeding and loosening. In the spring we pour ashes, 1 table spoon of nitrophoska and, if the soil is not so good, quite a bit of compost or humus. The plant requires good watering every 10-12 days, otherwise it will become rough and bitter. It is desirable that in one place lovage grew no more than 8-10 years, then it is necessary to make its rejuvenation.
In the first year of cultivation, a rosette is formed at the lovage, and it begins to bloom regularly from the second year. The leaves of the plant are cut as needed, but the root is only in the third year after sowing. Thick brownish rhizome must be cleaned from the ground, washed, cut and dried in the shade, in a blown room.
Dried roots and leaves of the plant must be stored in tightly closed jars.
Useful properties and application of lovage
A great benefit in traditional medicine is a decoction of the lovigth root, which is used for kidney diseases, nervous diseases, and for hair strengthening by the method of rubbing.
Applying lovage to treat the body, you can remove edema, help with anemia, from gout and rheumatism. Its root contains sugar, starch, mineral salts, and in the leaves of essential oils, carotene, vitamins C, B, P and phytoncids.
But not only for health promotion is used lovage. It is used in preparations for the winter and cooking is extremely widespread. Roots, young shoots and leaves of a plant go to business, not only in fresh, but also in a dried look. It is added to all first courses (except dairy), meat, fish, vegetables, in canned food. But only in small doses, because of the strong pungent smell and persistent aroma. Young stems are boiled in sugar and get sweets.
In the spicy mixture of herbs with parsley, celery and ground pepper, lovage plays an important role. Adding a pinch of this mixture to the meat broth and roast will give them an exceptional taste. And how good he is in canned cucumbers, these crispy homemade preparations for the winter!
5 secrets of success
1. Acceleration of seedlings. When spring seeds are sown with dry seeds, the first shoots are formed at best in two weeks, and more often only in a month. For faster seedlings it is advisable to pre-germinate seeds. To do this, before sowing, they are soaked in warm water at a temperature of 40–50 ° C for 1–2 days. At the same time water is changed several times. The swollen seeds are kept on a damp cloth before pecking. Before sowing, the seeds are slightly dried.
2. The right place. Lovage is a perennial plant, and in one place it can grow without a transplant of 5 years or more. This green culture is light-requiring, although it can put up with penumbra. Lovage unpretentious and successfully succeeds on any soil. However, the highest yields are obtained in nutrient-rich, friable and moist areas. For this culture preferred deep tillage.
3. Keep your distance. Lovage with time forms a powerful grassy bush, which can reach a height of 2 m. Such an overall plant must be provided with an adequate food area. Therefore, between the rows should be left 60 cm.
Shoots thinned, initially leaving one plant for every 10-15 cm row. Subsequently, the plants are left 30–40 cm apart. The optimal distance between plants is 60 cm.
4. Feeding. After receiving the cut greens and at subsequent cuts, lovage need to feed the nitrogen fertilizer. In the second year and later, before plant growth begins, it is recommended to apply complex nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer to the soil at the rate of 10–15 g / m2 of plantings. This will allow the lovage to take a quick start in development.
5. Proper care. The soil must be kept loose and free from weeds, moistened abundantly to the depth of the roots.
Lovage - description
The French call the lovage "fake celery", the British - "love parsley", this is due to the fact that the plants have a very similar appearance. Lovage bush grows to a height of 1.5-2 meters, has a tubular branching stem, a massive root system. It has large, shiny, fragrant leaves, resembling celery leaves. Blooms in late June - early July, its greenish-yellow small flowers form an umbrella inflorescence. Unpretentious, frost-resistant flower lovage - perennial, planting and caring for him does not present much difficulty.
Types of lovage
Types of lovage a bit, but they are all attractive and useful. Gardeners call the most popular of them the following varieties:
- Leader. The name corresponds to the qualitative characteristics of the plant, its leaves are juicy, the bushes grow rapidly, their yield is high (up to 2 kg per crop).
- Hercules This sort of lovage belongs to medium-sized, it is frost-resistant, with a pronounced aroma. Good yields are manifested in the second or third year.
- Amur. Shrubs grow low (up to 60 cm), the leaves are large, fragrant, low frost resistance, yields up to 2-2.5 kg per bush.
- Departure It has excellent spicy taste and medicinal properties. Cultivation of a lovite bastard is possible at home, the bush is compact, grows up to a height of one meter.
How to plant a lovage?
Deciding to plant lovage on your site, you will acquire a perennial plant, which for many years will delight with its spicy greenery from spring to late autumn. Planting lovage can be carried out as seeds, and separated rhizomes of adult plants (starting from 3 years of age). Pre-cultivation of seedlings from seeds should begin in early March, but you can sow the seeds directly in open ground. The distance between the bushes lovage leave at least 0.7 - 1 meter, plant along the fence, greenhouses.
How to plant a lovage seed?
The seeds of lovage before sowing should be prepared for their quickest germination. Due to the essential oils contained in the seeds, they remain dry for a long time, and the first shoots appear only after 3-3.5 weeks. To speed up the process of growing lovage from seeds, rinse them with warm water and soak for 1-2 days. Add 10 g of wood ash or a universal biopreparation to one liter of water. After the seeds swell, they can be sown; this should be done in November or early spring. Sowing of soaked seeds is carried out at a depth of 1-1.5 cm, shoots will appear in 1.5-2 weeks.
How to plant lovage root?
Good, powerful roots in lovage will be in case of timely removal of peduncles, until they bloom. To get planting material, dig up the root of the plant, divide it into parts, each of which should have 2-3 buds, sprinkle the incisions with ash. Digging and dividing the roots for further planting should be in early May. It is not difficult to plant a lovage and further care, “delenki” quickly take root, growing a bush in one place will be optimal for 6-8 years, then it is worth updating the lovage plantation.
Where to plant lovage?
Choosing a place where to plant lovage, you need to provide him with the conditions under which his roots do not rot due to excessive stagnation of moisture, and the aboveground parts do not dry out from its absence. Shaded areas with pre-fertilized soil, fertile soil, pre-fertilized before planting, are more suitable for growing this plant, because the plant is perennial, its cultivation and care technology does not involve transplants. Soil choose light and wet, without closely located groundwater. Well, if the plot before growing lovage was planted with cabbage or zucchini.
How to grow lovage?
Lovage can grow in open space, as the plant is frost-resistant, not afraid of drafts. Growing lovage in the country in the open field requires the fulfillment of certain conditions:
- mandatory soil loosening to stimulate root growth,
- sufficient watering is done twice a month, up to 12-15 liters of water under each bush,
- regular feeding in the spring and after the next cut of leaves, mineral mixtures and organic materials are used,
- trimming peduncles (in the case of growing on greens).
Lovage - care
It is also necessary to care for lovage, like most plants: make sure that the weed is not drowned, water it in time and feed it, using an infusion of different herbs with nettle, mullein, ash. To reduce the amount of this work, luch beds with a lamb. In the first year of cultivation, cut the leaves once, so that the greens are lush, use nitrogenous fertilizers. For large medicinal roots, feed the bushes with ash, excluding nitrogen, after 3-4 years they can be used.
How to grow lovage in the country - watering?
Excellent spicy and fragrant seasoning, a wonderful lovage doctor, has become the favorite of many gardeners and summer residents. Bushes lovage, planting and care for them in the open field, do not take a lot of time and effort. Winter-hardy culture is not capricious, it is not demanding on the soil, less than others needs sunlight and heat. Experienced gardeners recommend for fast growing lovage from seeds in the open field, to build for this mini-greenhouse.
Watering a plant grown in a shaded place, stands until it is small or in a dry season, an adult plant that has a strong root system, will obtain moisture for itself. After watering, be sure to loosen the soil, fluff the bush itself will create a shade around the roots. With a lack of moisture, the plant begins to shed its leaves, with its appearance it releases new shoots.
Lovistov flower - top dressing
Some gardeners advise feeding lovage exclusively organic fertilizers, excluding chemistry. Lovage flower, growing and caring for it requires the use, both during planting and subsequently - fertilizer for dressings. To stimulate strong and powerful roots, increase their growth, once every two weeks, use the following solution:
- 10 liters of water
- 20 g of superphosphate,
- 20 g saltpeter,
- 20 g of potassium chloride.
The cultivation of lovage is often carried out with a medical purpose, so it is better to use organic fertilizers that do not cause harm to human health. In the spring, in the second year of growing lovage, you can feed it with Spring fertilizer, which is a mineral complex, two weeks after that - use urea (20 g per square meter). In the middle of summer, you can add organics, and in the fall, put compost in the ground.
Lovage in the country - the disease
When growing lovage and caring for it, like most garden crops, there is a chance to encounter diseases of this plant. The most important enemies of this shrub are the “carrot fly”, its larvae infect the roots of the plant and the “white spot”, and the help that was not provided in time will lead to the death of the flower. Still it can be damaged by snails, which, having attacked, will be able to instantly destroy young shoots. On the testicles lovage often settles aphid.
Growing and caring for lovable in the open field requires the use of some effective agricultural practices in the fight against pests and diseases. Having sprinkled the soil near the bush with ashes, and sprinkling granules of phosphate fertilizer on top, you can protect it from the attack of snails and aphids. Treat the tops of the shoots with ashes and water, if the plant louse appeared on top, after 12 hours, rinse off the water with a hose. The use of chemicals is not recommended, they exclude the possibility of using plants for food.
Today, among gardeners, such a plant as lovage becomes popular, cultivating and caring for it in the garden plot will allow you to always have on hand a fresh, tender and fragrant seasoning for meat, fish dishes and salads and a medicine for many diseases. With success this plant is also used in cosmetology, especially the decoction of a lovish made from 1 tbsp. spoons of leaves and 250 ml of water, used to rinse the hair and nourish the roots, they become shiny, lush, silky and strong ..
For what it looks like lovage, the French call it fake celery. The leaves of the plants are really similar as twins: glossy, bright green leafy plates with jagged edges divided into several parts. Lovage bush grows rapidly, growing to a half meter. At a bush strong branched stalk. Roots with many processes are collected in a loose massive lobe. In adult plants, the roots are up to 40 cm long, the root rods are brown in color. Lovage inflorescences are collected in motley yellow umbrellas. The plant blooms in July. Lovage fruits, fruits - seeds.
Depending on why you grow it, lovage can be annual or multi-year. If you are harvesting for the roots, then next year you will have to plant again. In principle, the plant is perennial and reproduces perfectly by self-sowing.
What should be the conditions for growing lovage, the choice of site
Growing lovage in the open field - the process is, in general, not troublesome. The plant is resistant to cold and drought. If for some reason the plant has not been watered and there was no precipitation, even with the dried aerial part, the lovage will come to life, having received watering and further care. The plant has long and powerful roots, so it is tenacious.The lovage grows quickly, so it is better to plant it along the fence or the edge of the plot, so that, growing, it does not shade other cultures. The grass can grow in the sun, not afraid of partial shade. The best place for lovage will be the south side of the plot from the side of the house.
Before planting and growing lovage, make sure that in your chosen area the groundwater does not run close to the surface. The soil for lovage is well drained, moderately moist and nutritious.
Humidity and temperature required for lovageLovage prevents excessive moisture and acidity of the soil. Before planting, be sure to prepare the plot, feed and “deoxidize”, if necessary. During the growing season, lovage needs abundant watering - 15 liters of water, but once a week.
Cultivation of lovage from seeds successfully takes place at a temperature of +3 ° C. True, the germination time is stretched for three weeks. At a temperature of 18 ° C, this period is reduced to ten days.
Preparing the soil for planting
Lovage with proper planting and timely care will give a bountiful harvest. Before planting the plants need to prepare the soil. To do this, during the autumn digging, a bucket of peat and humus, 200 g of wood ash and 20 g of nitrophoska (per square meter) are introduced into the soil.
Immediately before planting, the soil is fertilized with superphosphate, potassium sulfate, urea and ash.
Growing lovage from seedIn April, when the soil is well warmed, it is best to sow the lovage in the open ground with seeds. In early March, seeds are sown in seedling boxes in a universal soil for herbaceous plants. The grown shoots are transplanted into the open ground at the end of April at a distance of one meter from each other.
How to plant a lovage seed immediately in open ground? The scheme is as follows: the furrows are shallow, up to 2 cm, the distance between crops is up to 10 cm. In two weeks, the seedlings will germinate, they need to be thinned. When the bushes begin to grow, spread them out at a distance of 70 cm - 1 m from each other.
How to grow lovage by dividing the bush
Lovage is grown and the method of dividing the bush, care is the same as in seed cultivation. Bushes are dividing at the end of spring. To do this, dig a bush of three years of age. The bush is divided into several parts, each of which must have at least three strong root buds and shoots. Delenki planted in the prepared place, watered. The optimal term of life and good fruiting lovage - six years.
What you need to know about caring for lovableLovage - not a capricious plant: and growing, and care are not associated with any difficulties. Растению нужен обильный полив при отсутствии дождей, прополка и рыхление почвы, обрезка листьев на втором году жизни и подкормки.
Подкармливать растение можно птичьим помётом, настоем коровяка, минеральными составами. В период роста нужен азот, в дальнейшем – фосфор и калий. Для развития крепкой корневой системы у любистка удаляют цветки. Здесь тоже не перебарщивайте: несколько цветоносов нужно оставлять.
Когда собирать урожай любисткаLovage harvest harvested throughout the summer season. If you grow lovids for the sake of leaves, do not leave many flower stalks on the plant. Lovage leaves can be collected as needed for salads. From the bushes that are grown for the seeds, the leaves are not desirable to cut. The collection of plant roots is carried out in the fall, carefully digging and cleaning them from the ground. The roots of the plant are washed, dried, crushed and stored in a glass container.
For harvesting leaves and stems they are cut at the root. The crop can be dried or frozen for the winter. Dry blanks are stored in a dry glass jar in a dark place.
Lovage is a multifaceted plant: it is eaten as a spice, used in traditional medicine, in cosmetology. In the summer, lovage helps keep blood-sucking insects away from home: hang a few tufts of grass on the eaves and your sleep will not be disturbed by a nasty buzz over your ear.
Lovage: growing and care
Despite the fact that the lovage is often found in the wild, many people prefer to grow it in their own garden, because in this case the plant is always at hand, you can make a salad and make sandwiches and stock up enough for the winter. Simple rules of care will allow you to plant and grow a healthy plant that will delight the host for 8-10 years.
Lyubistok - culture unpretentious to the temperature (there are frost-resistant varieties), more demanding on the soil and watering. It can be sandy, peaty, clayey soil, in a word, the most nutritious and always slightly moisturized. At the same time, it is unacceptable to allow planting where ground water is close to the ground or in spring-autumn it stagnates in the lowland.
Mountain celery perfectly tolerates both sun and partial shade. The best option is to find a place for it all the time and remember that some varieties can reach 2 m in height! A place under a tree or where half the day - the sun, half - the shadow - is well suited for growing lovable.
Preparing the soil for several plants, you need to make mineral fertilizers (or organic) in advance, in the fall. On 1 m2 take 15 g of nitrogen, potash, phosphate fertilizers. This may be superphosphate and urea, from organic - rotted cow dung, compost, and wood ash.
Attention! Organic fertilizers should be applied in moderation where a powerful and healthy vegetative mass is needed. With an excess of nitrogen, lovage will receive accelerated growth, but the leaf and stem tissue itself will become more loose, less saturated with useful substances, and therefore less useful.
Rules of care and the best grades, or doing everything correctly
A unique lovage can be propagated by dividing an old bush or sowing seeds for the first time. Growing plants by seedlings guarantees more friendly shoots, because the shoots will sprout in optimal conditions. It is worth remembering that the seeds should be sufficiently buried in the ground - up to 2 cm, seedlings will appear in 22-25 days. After 55-70 days the bushes can be planted in open ground, the distance between them is at least 70 cm.
If the seeds are sown on the bed, then the best option is a few lines, the distance between each is 35-40 cm. At the same time, the depth of sowing the seeds is 3-4 cm. If necessary, sprout the seedlings so that when the plants reach 35-40 cm in height, between them there was a distance of 60-70 cm.
Lovage care next:
- cleaning of weeds and constant loosening of the soil in order to allow oxygen to the roots,
- abundant irrigation during dry periods,
- pruning leaves, cleaning inflorescences where they want to grow a powerful root (and a rich vegetative mass) and use it as a medicine. Thus, the plant will not spend forces on flowering and seed formation, but you can cut the leaves up to several times per season.
When choosing a herbal plant, do not forget about the varieties. Today they use those that tolerate cold, drought-resistant, give a rapid increase in green mass after cutting. These include the Leader variety (leaves - 80 cm in length), Don Juan (from 1 bush you can take up to 6 kg of leaves per season), Hercules or Preobrazhensky Semko, distinguished by frost resistance and compactness.
Diseases of plants: those that are worth knowing
Despite the fact that lovage is a plant that does not cause almost any hassle when growing to its owner, it can sometimes be noticed that the bush began to turn yellow, to get sick or focal yellow spots appeared on it, in the middle of each of which there is a black dot. In the first case, it looks like a carrot fly, the larvae of which settle on the root of the plant. The best struggle (in the case of small plants) is digging, washing the roots with special solutions, disinfecting the soil. The second option speaks of septaria, which often leads to the death of the bush. The fight is with chemicals, but in this case it is worth remembering that no part of this plant can be assembled this season.
Another "charmer" that sometimes amazes a lovage is aphid. It is difficult to notice, but you can see the result of the action: the leaves begin to shrink as if, curl up into a tube, become covered with a sticky mass. It is worth treating (as well as carrying out prophylaxis) with the help of folk remedies - spraying with a solution of laundry soap, for example.
Collection lovage, or most importantly - on time
The chemical composition of lovage-essential oils, micro-, macronutrients, vitamins of group B, PP, C. Such a “company” is a real find for those who want to cope with metabolic diseases and gastrointestinal tract, increased excitability of the nervous system, male / female weakness and other ailments. At the same time, mountain celery still acts as a tonic, diuretic, antispasmodic, and in cosmetology it has no equal.
It helps to improve the condition of the skin, make healthy hair, relieves acne and allergic reactions that are manifested by rashes. Lovage has a beneficial effect on all kinds of cuts, scratches and wounds on the skin, so his decoction in the refrigerator is the best way to heal the latter in any home, especially where there are kids.
But in order for the plant to give everyone all its magical power, it is necessary to observe the terms of collection and storage rules. And they are simple. The plant blooms in early June, during and after flowering, you can collect leaves (up to 4-5 times per season). But this - as for the one-year-old lovage. Roots can be harvested only from the plant that survived 3 springs. Drying of the roots is a special event, requiring either special devices, or a well ventilated room and a temperature of 35ºС. The leaves are dried as other medicinal herbs, stored in paper bags in dry dark places.
All these are secrets about priceless lovage. It is easy to grow, harvest, and learn miraculous recipes for your health. Grow it on the site, pick up worthy "neighbors" in the form of hypericum, chamomile - and be healthy by the power of nature!
Reproduction and planting lovage
The lovage breed multiplies well by sowing seeds, as well as by dividing old bushes, which are produced in March or in October. I sow seeds for seedlings in March - in small containers filled with a universal land substrate, and sometimes right into the ground - at the end of April. I make ordinary rows about 2 cm deep and at a distance of about 10 cm I sow the seeds of lovage, which germinate after 12-14 days. As soon as the plants grow a little, I plant them at a distance of about a meter from each other, after all, it will take only a couple of years and they will turn into huge bushes reaching about a meter in diameter.
The lovage and self-sowing reproduces well - the seeds that fell in the fall in the spring give good seedlings, with which I give time to grow a little and transplant to a bed for growing new plants.
Lovage cultivation is not at all difficult; this amazing, very winter-hardy plant practically does not need to be cared for; less than the others it is demanding of sunlight, soil and heat. The lovage feels fine when shaded, and the sun is required for him only in the second year of life, when the plant blooms and breaks up, trying to expose its flowers in the sun, in which the seeds ripen.
By the way, lovage blooms only in the second year of life, it was then that from a small compact bush it turned into a real giant, reaching 2 meters in height. The older the lovage becomes, the more and more beautiful it grows, constantly being distributed in width.
Choosing a place where to plant lovage, especially not to bother, he feels great on various soils: sandy, peaty and even clay, on which, unfortunately, most of the plants grow reluctantly. But back to our topic - due to the fact that the lovage is a frost-resistant plant, I plant its seedlings to a permanent place in April, with a distance of about 1 meter from each other.
Lovage responds with gratitude to any care and will thank you for it even more lush and beautiful foliage. So, even before sowing seeds of lovage, I fill the soil with previously prepared compost, adding 3 kg per 1 sq. M. In addition to compost, I add one and a half cups of ash (about 300 grams) to the beds and 25 grams of superphosphate, urea and potassium sulfate.
Throughout the summer season, depending on the condition of lovage bushes, I produce organic and mineral supplements.
So, to increase the lovage roots many times, every 2 weeks I feed the plant with mineral fertilizers (in 10 liters of water I grow 20 g each of superphosphate, potassium chloride and ammonium nitrate) and in time I remove the peduncles without letting them grow. I try not to cut off a lot of greenery, which I use to wash my hair and as an excellent seasoning for fish, it can also have a bad effect on the development of roots. If you need to prepare for the future not the roots, but the leaves, feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizers and boldly pick off the greens, the foliage of the lovage grows quickly enough. And to get the seeds, one copy of lovage is enough.
I read a lot of tips about growing this plant, and I would like to say a little about its watering. Despite the fact that some gardeners recommend watering lovage regardless of where it grows, motivating it with the fact that without watering it will grow rough and bitter, I never do that. Why? And the thing is that my lovage grows in partial shade, where, admittedly, it feels great: the soil rarely dries up and, even if this happens for a short time, it does not affect the plant - it is quite hardy. The only thing, instead of irrigation, periodically I loosen the ground around the bushes of lovage - 5-6 cm deep, from this air gets to the roots better, and they grow even more. If you have a difficult penumbra with penumbra, and you really want to plant a lovage, then, most likely, you still have to water it, but do not overdo it - an excess of moisture will destroy the lovage, its roots will simply die out!
In addition to timely fertilizing and loosening the soil around the plant, the lovage needs pruning - its above-ground leaf part grows very quickly, so as soon as it reaches 0.5 m, I prune it. So during the summer I cut lovage 2 times: in June and the second time in late July.
Variety of lovage "Hercules"
The Hercules lovage variety is a fairly compact bush, about 0.5 meters in height, with large, long-leaf leaves, on top of which there is a waxy coating. It differs from other varieties rather strong aroma and cold resistance.
Lovage variety "Preobrazhensky Semko"
The lovage variety “Preobrazhensky Semko” is also a giant, because its height reaches two meters. It has large green leaves and a very dense stem, branching at the top. In addition, the lovage variety “Preobrazhensky Semko” is the most frost-resistant of all, it winters well without additional shelters even in the northern regions of the country.
Well, my story about lovage came to an end, the only thing I want to know is: does your grass grow like-lovage?