General information

How to grow on your own site Kobeyu


In the Kobe family, there are only 9 species growing in the territory of tropical America. This perennial shrubs, reaching a height of 6 meters with paired leaves and very decorative flowers, bells.

Kobeya is perfect for vertical gardening, while it is unpretentious, it grows quickly regardless of the neighboring plants and is capable of covering a large area in the shortest possible time, which together makes it a real find for the designer.

Varieties and types

Kobeya lazyaschaya (she creeping or kobeya skandens) in its homeland - in Mexico - is a perennial, growing up to 4 meters in length, while we grow it as an annual. The stems of this species are covered with feathery leaves with branched tendrils at the end, due to which the plant clings to the support.

In their natural environment, bells with a diameter of up to 8 cm have a purple color, their oblong stamens and pistils are easily visible from the outside. Flowering begins in July and ends with the onset of frost.

It is this type of kobei that is cultivated, as a result of which among the numerous varieties there are also specimens with white flowers.

  • Variety Kobeya Lady Hamilton.

Kobeya purple (can be specified as “lilac“If its flowers have a color close to this shade or mixed violet-lilac) is represented, for example, by the variety kobeya calando.

Kobeya perennial in the climate of the Russian Federation, far from that in the tropics, most often grown as a one-year liana. However, the preservation of a perennial trait is possible, although it requires special care and must be moved with the roots into containers for the winter period.

Kobeya planting and care in the open field

To make Kobe in the garden look like a full-fledged beautiful liana, it is necessary to plant in the first days of March (the maximum is in the middle). The seeds of the plant have sufficient dimensions for planting them one by one, and not a bunch.

The germination of Kobe seeds is directly proportional to their age, and therefore it is not recommended to take the seeds of last year. Instead, it is better to choose the planting material of the last crop.

Kobeya watering

It is necessary to water kobey regularly, especially in hot summertime. Here, in this case, it is important not to overdo it, since excessive amounts of moisture can provoke the emergence of root rot, in particular, if the plant is grown on the floor of a shaded area.

Kobeya loves fertile, arched soils, where she grows especially fast and massively. Warm, protected from wind, the area near the wall, fence or any other support on the loose, well-fertilized, drained soil is the best option.

In the area of ​​pristvolnyh circles, the soil must be maintained in a slightly moist state, for which mulch is used with sawdust or peat. Mandatory measures of soil care in addition to wetting and fertilizing are loosening and removing weeds.

Top dressing kobei

Feed for Kobei in the initial stages of growth should be made every week. They must contain large amounts of nitrogen. With the beginning of the formation of buds comes time fertilizing based on phosphorus and potassium.

When the seedlings acquire their first leaves, it is recommended to fertilize them with humate, and then alternate mineral fertilizers (for example, Kemira) with organic fertilizers (mullein infusion) until flowering begins.

Kobei Transplant

If, before planting in the open ground, the kobei is transplanted into individual tanks, you can help it gain strength even before it is in a permanent place. For this, foil cups, rolled up without a bottom, are well suited, which are placed in a large container and filled more than half with a nutrient substrate.

Each cup is placed on one seed and sprinkled with earth for 1-1.5 cm. After 10 days sprouts should appear, which require regular watering. Then, more tall kobeyu, transplanted into larger cups, and at this stage, just manifest the benefits of their design.

Since the foil easily unfolds without damaging the root system of the plant, which later, together with the earthy clod, is transplanted into the next container.

Another transplant before planting in the ground will be needed when, due to the intensive growth of the plant, the roots begin to occupy even more space.

Kobeya wintering

As noted earlier, the cultivation of perennial kobey is possible in principle with us. The difficulty lies in the fact that the transplant does not tolerate the plant, which often does not allow it to survive the winter in more favorable conditions.

But Kobe, who was able to endure the winter hardships, will be characterized by an accelerated onset of flowering and increased its intensity. So, first you need to save the plant in the winter - in October it should be completely cut and carefully dug, avoiding the possibility of damage to the fragile root system.

After Kobeyu transferred into a container installed in a dark cool (about 10 ° C) room (cellar is perfect). As long as the winter period lasts, the plant does not need care, except for periodic soil moistening in order to avoid drying out the roots, and when spring comes, it should be moved to a sunny place and increase irrigation.

Landing in the ground in this case is usually carried out in late spring, when all return frosts are completed, and are treated in the same way as the one-year crop.

Kobeya seed growing

Some of the problems of growing kobei are associated with one of its natural features — the seeds have a strong peel, which is difficult for sprouts to cope with.

Therefore, before embarking on a landing, it is recommended to prepare them in a certain way:

  1. Put it on the bottom of a wide container, pour water at room temperature and close with a lid,
  2. After 24 hours, release from the softened crust, detaching only the easily peelable parts of it,
  3. Peeled seeds in the last step should be immersed in water until the skin peels off completely.

The resulting “clean” seeds germinate an order of magnitude faster, and, if it does, also use the methods of preliminary germination in foil described above.

As a result, we will have an intensely growing, strongly elongated, bushy with a lush crown (subject to pinching) a very ornamental garden plant. We sow kobey in open ground in June, having youngsters or seeds at a mutual distance of 70-90 cm.

Diseases and pests

The most significant damage to Kobee is caused by mites and aphids. If a Kobe bad blooms - This is the first sign of the defeat of these insects. Spraying with a solution of liquid potassium green soap with fitoverma will help to get rid of them, and flea zoo shampoo does an excellent job with other pests.

Peculiar to this plant difficulty opening budstherefore, if their long swelling without disclosure is observed, they should be carefully incised with scissors.

To reduce the likelihood no germination, you should use the recommendations outlined above, and also choose the seeds of several manufacturers in the store and, as an additional measure, irrigate the soil with Kobe crops with zircon.

Varieties and plant varieties

Kobeya is known for its rapid growth, development and powerful root system. It is characterized by hard-feathery leaves, branched at the ends in the antennae, and stems, sometimes reaching lengths of more than 6 m. In addition, Kobeya has large beautiful flowers in the form of bluebells with prominent stamens. Their delicate white or purple color does not leave anyone indifferent.

There are 9 species of Kobei. The most popular is Kobey Lazy, which is popularly called the monastery bells. Her long shoots cling with their mustaches to all existing barriers. The leaves of the plant are openwork, they are able to create an attractive green carpet. Its flowers reach 8 cm in diameter and have a divine scent. In just a couple of years, culture has time to secure a certain area for itself, and one-year-old can be planted annually in any place convenient for you.

Landing Kobei

Kobei, planting and caring for which does not seem difficult even for beginning gardeners, will decorate any yard with its presence, make it colorful, lively and attractive. In open ground, seedlings are usually started to be planted in May-June, when the weather is already warm outside. It is better to choose for her an open, non-shaded area with good, fertile soil. Poor gusty winds affect the plant badly.

For planting at a distance of 50-100 cm from each other, dig holes, cover them with a mixture of humus, peat and sod land. They put Kobey, drop in and watered a little.

Council Establish in advance support so that the plant could gradually climb over them and not spread to other plantations.

Plant Care

Nothing decorates fences and decorative buildings like a magnificent Kobei. Care of it is built on regular moderate watering, timely loosening of the soil and, of course, removal of harmful weeds.

At first, after landing, Kobei should be protected with two layers of non-woven insulation. If the tops of the plant are frozen - it is better to cut them, this will contribute to further branching Kobe. Kobe begins to bloom from July to late autumn.

It is very problematic to collect its seeds for further sowing, since they do not ripen in our climate zone. Germination is only 30%, so it is best to purchase them in a specialty store. To save the plant until next year, in October its shoots should be cut, dig up a bush and transplant it into a spacious box. The container is stored in a cool and dark room, occasionally watering the plant. After the end of frost, Kobe planted in open ground.

Fertilizer and dressing Kobei

Young plants should be fed with nitrogenous fertilizers every week. You can begin to make feeding from the first days of the culture. With the advent of buds, the plant will require phosphate and potash fertilizers. Also kobeyu can be fertilized with humate, and mineral supplements alternate with organic, for example, with a mullein solution.

Kobeya: combination with other plants

Kobeya, both perennial and annual, will be a bright and unique decoration of any site, especially in a competent combination with other plants. For her perfect petunia, verbena, lobelia. If you creatively approach this issue and connect all your imagination, you can get a fantastic result.

Kobeya in landscape design

The beauty of Kobei did not disregard the modern landscape design. If you place it on the south side of the house, near the altanka, then, with the help of special tapestries, you can recreate a real green scene. Planted near the hedge, Kobe will quickly braid it and create a beautiful peculiar wall or arch. Well, it will look and planted in pots. Such a liana can quite effectively divide the yard into conventional zones, decorate flowerbeds and revive the exterior. Excellent use of Kobei you can see on the illustrative photos.