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Proper cultivation of lettuce on a seed sill

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Garden on the windowsill. How to plant and grow lettuce at home. How to choose a suitable primer. Personal practical experience (10+)

Lettuce Cultivation - Lettuce

Lettuce - A storehouse of vitamins and microelements on the windowsill. Tips and secrets for growing and caring for beginners and experienced gardeners.

The sowing leaf, or salad - one of the most ancient known cultures.

Lettuce - an annual plant. The homeland of the plant is unknown. However, it is grown in all countries of the world.

By the way, besides the fact that lettuce is in itself a very tasty vegetable, it can serve as a wonderful decoration for many dishes, perfectly decorating your holiday table.

Lettuce Salad - has gained immense popularity in our time. It is cultivated in almost every corner of the world. Lettuce is used very widely in cooking, due to its excellent taste properties. It is usable both raw, as an additive in salads, side dishes and decorations to dishes, and stewed or fried. However, it is worth considering the fact that during the heat treatment some of its useful properties will be lost.

Useful properties of the plant

Lettuce - this is a real storehouse of beneficial trace elements and vitamins. So, it contains vitamin A, C, E, K, as well as vitamins of group B. The salad is also rich in selenium, zinc, copper, iron, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium and others.

Note for those who lose weight: the salad contains a very small number of calories, only 15 calories per 100 g of product.

Lettuce salad - has dietary and medicinal properties. Doctors highly recommend including it in baby food and in the nutrition of the elderly. Lettuce leaves help patients recover from surgery and long-term illness. Lettuce has a diuretic and sedative effect, it is great for diseases of the respiratory tract, as it has an excellent expectorant effect. Many doctors recommend its use in diseases such as insomnia, tuberculosis and atherosclerosis. In addition, its juice helps to normalize the work of the digestive system. In folk medicine, you can find a huge variety of recipes for the use of lettuce in the over-stimulation of the nervous system, as well as to strengthen the immune system.

Growing lettuce at home

Now let's talk about how to grow lettuce at home, and how to properly care for them.

Absolutely any capacity is suitable for lettuce cultivation, about 12 cm deep. When sowing, take into account the fact that lettuce is a rather moisture-loving plant, and the lack of moisture can lead to its fading. If the tray is narrow, then there is a risk of drying the plant. This type of lettuce is growing very quickly, so when choosing a soil, try to choose the most nutritious, rich in trace elements. However, if you do not want to spend too much on its purchase, you can cook it yourself, at home, and at the lowest cost. We also recommend mineral fertilizers in the soil.

In the practice of growing greens on the windowsill, there are many ways to prepare soil mixtures. Their composition depends on the biological characteristics of crops, the period of their cultivation and the availability of components. For growing seedlings, it is better to use the most loose soil mixtures consisting of humus, hardwood, peat, a small amount of sod soil and sand, i.e. 2: 2: 2: 1: 1. Also a great option for growing this crop is soil mixture, consisting of one part of sod land, two - humus and 3-5% sand.

In addition, the soil mix for growing lettuce should be nutritious and well kneaded. It can also be made from river sand, peat and high-quality humus soil (1: 1: 2) or buy in the store a mixture of “Biogrunt” (“Vegetable”, “Universal”). As a rule, at home, lettuce is grown in batches: several containers are prepared in which seeds are sown with an interval of 10 to 15 days to ensure a constant supply of greens to the table.

Selection of soil mixture

When buying a soil mix, keep in mind that for growing lettuce, soils rich in peat are unsuitable because of an acid reaction. Before planting, it is necessary to decontaminate the soil by watering it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then the soil must be compacted, cut into grooves (not too deep), sow the seeds, sprinkle with earth and again compacted. Next, you need to water the plant, cover the boxes or containers with sowing film or glass and put in a dark place.

After the first shoots of lettuce begin to appear, remove the drawers from a dark place and place them on the window sill. Further care of the salad is not at all difficult: you only need to water the plant once every 1-2 days and protect it from direct sunlight and overheating. Salad, as we said earlier, is growing quite quickly, so you can get the first harvest 4-5 weeks after sowing. However, you will be able to feast on fresh greens earlier by pulling out thickened crops.

Lettuce - contains a large amount of iodine, but when it is grown at home it needs to be fed with micronutrient fertilizers based on potassium iodide. Such drugs you can purchase in specialized stores.

Plant Care

In general, no tricks in growing lettuce - no. Even a beginner can do it. Regular watering, fertilizing with microfertilizers, protection from excessive moisture and direct sunlight, overheating - and the salad will delight you all year round, becoming an integral part of your home table, as well as perfectly decorated your festive dishes. Soft, pleasant taste will perfectly complement the dishes, making their taste new and unique! And thanks to the beneficial properties of the salad will contribute to the normal functioning of the body, and strengthen your immune system.

We hope that our advice will help you, and make the process of growing lettuce easy and enjoyable! A fresh salad will delight you all year round with its special taste and beauty! We wish you success.

Is it possible to grow leaf lettuce on the windowsill

Salad is quite possible to grow at home. Both in winter and in summer. But this plant at home requires a lot of attention.

For his growth need a lot of sunlight. On short winter days, additional lighting is required. If there is not enough light, it starts blooming early. Does not tolerate drought, heat. At the same time the leaves become bitter. Beginners should not take on the cultivation in the flat head. They are very capricious.

The best varieties of lettuce for growing at home

The most suitable grade for an apartment is considered Batavia. In grocery stores most often sell it.

It grows even without additional illumination. It can withstand short-term drought, high air temperatures.

The most famous varieties for cultivation on the windowsill:

  • Lollo rossa
  • Emerald Lace
  • New Year
  • Lollo bionda
  • Vitamin

Lolla Rossa is distinguished by a brown head, curly light green leaves. Considered the most vitamin. It has a delicate flavor.

Lolla Bionda - the most beautiful. Leaves wavy. Yellow green. The taste is pleasant, bitter with a nutty flavor.

The apartment is also grown watercress. This is a moisture-loving plant. Top grades for windowsill:

  • curly,
  • pepper,
  • broadleaf
  • ordinary.
Watercress Broadleaf

The choice of capacity for planting and soil preparation

The roots of lettuce do not lie deep in the soil. Large containers for its growth are not needed. It is better to choose a plastic pot. Capacity should be 1–2 liter capacity. Depth - 10 - 35 cm. Depending on the variety. At the bottom of the tank should be holes.

Soil can be purchased at the store or use garden land. Sour soil for planting is not suitable. Better option - a mixture of turf land, humus, sand. Another option - garden soil, coconut fiber, biohumus. The ratio of the last two - 2: 1.

When using garden soil, the soil should be disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The soil is filled in the pot, not cutting to the edges 2.5 - 3 cm.

Some varieties can grow without soil. One of them is watercress. For cultivation use such improvised materials as sponge, cotton wool, paper.

Some varieties of lettuce can be grown without soil - on paper or cotton

Sowing seeds

  • Seeds before sowing are disinfected in potassium permanganate solution. Time - 2-3 hours.
  • Put a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot.
  • Drainage covered with earth. Watered.
  • Make a groove. Depth - 5 mm. Row spacing - 10 cm.
  • Seeds are placed in the groove. Fall asleep with a small amount of earth. Lightly compacted.
  • Cover the capacity of the package - create a greenhouse effect.
  • Put in a dark place.
  • When the first germs appear, the package is removed. Transferred to the windowsill.

The first shoots can be seen after 4 - 5 days. It is necessary to protect it from direct sunlight. In bright sunny days it is necessary to shade it - the leaves can burn.

Culture needs thinning. This is done 2 times:

  1. After 1 week, as the first shoots appear, it is necessary to leave a distance between them of 1-2 cm.
  2. When 2 true leaves are formed, the Distance is 4–5 cm.

If the salad grows thick, a good harvest will not be possible.

Salad needs thinning twice

Watering should be plentiful. With insufficient soil moisture, the arrows begin to form earlier than usual. Watered with settled water 1 time in 1 - 2 days.

If the container is on the south side - more often. In winter - less. It is impossible to moisten the soil too much - roots, lower leaves will begin to rot. Indoor air should be humidified. The leaves are sprayed with water from a spray bottle.

Feed up 1 time in 1,5–2 weeks. Suitable fertilizers for indoor plants. This is a fast-growing culture. If fertile soil was chosen for planting, it grows well without them.

You can not make a large amount of nitrogen fertilizers - lettuce is able to accumulate nitrates. If you use a feed based on potassium iodide, you can get a plant with a large amount of iodine in the composition.

Photophilous plant In winter, in short autumn - spring days, you need to use additional lighting - fluorescent lamps. Include them for 2 - 5 hours. Suspend at a height of 50 - 60 cm above the plant.

A light day for growing lettuce should last 12-14 hours.

A total of light day should last 12–14 hours. It is impossible to highlight during the day. Greens should rest.

The salad has very fragile, superficial roots. Loosen the land under the seedlings can't.

Harvesting

Greens are growing rapidly. It can be collected within a few weeks. Uproot or rip off extreme leaves. After 3 to 5 weeks, arrows are formed. The plant is removed. Other seeds are sown in its place.

Experienced gardeners plant lettuce once in 10 days. From one plant receive 40-50 grams of green. But it all depends on the variety.

Leaf lettuce can be grown in open ground or at home. But planting it in the apartment, you need to remember that it requires daily care.

  1. This is a moisture-loving plant. The soil should always be slightly wet. But excessive moisture can kill him.
  2. The best place is a windowsill on the south, southeast side. Without enough light at home it is impossible to grow it.

Growing fast. Does not take much space. But you need to choose the right grade for the pot.

In winter, there is not enough fresh greens and vegetables from the garden. What can you grow on a windowsill to enjoy natural products? The list of crops suitable for housing conditions is quite wide - from parsley and lettuce to tomatoes and cucumbers.

Grow greens on the windowsill in winter or summer can be the same as in the garden. But it should be noted that some plants are quite demanding. In this article, we will look at simple care cultures.

If you are a novice gardener, and therefore do not know what can be grown on the windowsill, then it is better to start with green onions, cress, parsley. And spicy herbs - basil and rosemary - will not only come in handy in the kitchen, but also spread their flavor throughout the apartment. More experienced lovers can immediately start with the cultivation of cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers.

Children will like the winter garden. Even the kid can grow green onions on the windowsill. Caring for plants will not only entice the child and give him a new useful experience, but also provide vitamins.

Training

After you decide what to grow on the windowsill, you need to prepare pots, soil, seeds. The set is the same for most cultures. Experienced gardeners who know how to grow seedlings on the windowsill already have almost everything they need.

For the arrangement of the garden on the windowsill will need deep crates or wide flower pots for planting. They can be equipped with plastic covers to create a greenhouse effect. For these purposes, you can use regular plastic bags.

Pots must be filled with soil from a flower shop or self-prepared substrate. It is better to abandon the use of land from a garden or vegetable garden, since it may contain insect larvae and weed seeds. If the land from the street is not prepared and ignited, then it is likely that only weeds can be grown on the windowsill.

You also need to prepare a container for settling water - delicate young plants should not be watered directly from the tap. You will need a spray or a small watering can.

Useful will be the foil, which is placed behind the plants to reflect sunlight. If the foil is not used, the boxes and pots with plants must be turned 180 degrees daily, otherwise they will lean towards the window and grow crooked.

If the plants are grown in spring and summer (planting in February-March), then they have enough sunlight from the street. But the winter garden, planted in autumn, will require additional lighting. For this fit fluorescent lamps.

It should be understood that it is possible to grow only undemanding herbs on a windowsill in the winter without lighting, but getting a good crop of tomatoes without using fitolamps will not work. In winter, on sunny days, additional lighting will be needed in the evening, but in case of cloudy weather, the lamp will have to be switched on for the whole day.

Green onions

How to grow onions on the windowsill, show children still in kindergarten. This is the simplest culture for growing at home, it does not require special care, it grows quickly and is very useful.

For the forcing of the pen, you can use both large onion sets (selections) and ordinary onion turnips. Feathers from a small bulb are more delicate, but the small head is exhausted quickly. Large onion gives abundant greens for a longer period.

Not only self-grown onions are suitable, you can also use those bought in a supermarket or a store for summer residents. The easiest way to plant onion for distillation - in the water. To do this, take a small glass and fill it with plain water or nutrient solution. The bulb must be installed so that only the tip of the liquid touches the surface of the liquid. You need to change the water every day.

When planted in water, the bulb may begin to rot and spread an unpleasant odor. This can be avoided, since it is possible to grow onions on the windowsill with planting in the ground. The substrate must be poured into a shallow plastic box. If there are no drainage holes at the bottom of the tank, then to prevent rotting of the roots, it is reasonable to pour a small drainage layer of expanded clay, pebbles, broken bricks, etc.

You do not need to deepen the heads, plant tightly, the bulbs are not afraid of close proximity. Landings must be watered frequently, preventing the soil from drying out. Do not use all the seed at once, it is better to break it into several portions and plant it with a difference of 2-3 weeks, then fresh onion will be enough for the whole winter.

Green onions can be grown not only in boxes. Onion can be planted vertically. To do this, you can buy a special pot in the store for summer residents or independently make holes in a plastic bottle filled with soil.

Leaf salad

Growing leaf lettuce is somewhat more difficult. To know how to grow lettuce on the windowsill, you need to take into account the variety of cultivated plants. Best of all in the conditions of an apartment are the Lollo Ross, Lollo Bionda, Odessa, Vitamin, New Year, Red Credo varieties.

Autumn and winter leaf salad will need additional lighting. If the room is hot and dry, the plant does not receive enough moisture, then the leaves will become bitter, coarse, quickly form flower stalks. Leaf lettuce loves moisture, coolness, feels good on the glassed-in balcony until late autumn.

Leaf lettuce is planted in the ground quite tightly, at a distance of 1-2 cm. Before the first shoots, the container is covered to create the greenhouse effect. Over time, thinning is required at a distance of 4-5 cm. The plant needs watering and good illumination.

After the bushes begin to release arrows, they become unusable. They can be removed, and in their place to plant new seeds.

Many housewives are wondering how to grow parsley on the windowsill. After all, it often requires only a few leaves of this plant, and you do not want to buy the whole package in the store. В весенний и летний период петрушку можно выращивать из семян.The plant is light-requiring, so in the winter it will need additional lighting. Seeds germinate rather slowly, but the bush will serve for a long time. Parsley is not demanding to temperature, it grows well on a window sill or on a balcony. The plant is moisture-loving, watering is abundant. In winter, water parsley need less.

It will be possible to cut off the first greens only in a month and a half, but it will be possible to do this for a whole year. Before planting, seeds should be soaked in potassium permanganate solution. Parsley can be planted in small containers, in peat cups or directly in the pot.

How to grow parsley on the window sill in autumn and winter, because growing from seed at this time is too long and laborious process? There is another way - forcing from the rhizome. This method is somewhat simpler and better suited for the autumn-winter period. Planting material can be procured independently at the private plot or purchased at a regular grocery store.

The rhizome should be healthy, with no signs of wilting, and the apical bud - whole. Root crop should be placed in a pot and sprinkled with moist soil. Too long roots can be planted obliquely.

The first green shoots will appear within a few days after planting, and the leaves can be cut in a couple of weeks. Greens will appear on the rhizome for six months.

What can be grown on the windowsill except for ordinary onions, parsley, lettuce? Something more exotic, such as basil or rosemary.

The variety of basil does not matter, both green and purple will do. Basil can be propagated using seeds as well as cuttings. The plant is thermophilic - the optimum temperature is 20-25 degrees, and moisture-loving - good drainage and abundant watering are required.

Cutting is a quick way to grow basil. You can simply buy a few branches in the store, put them in the water and in one or two weeks to move the seedling with the roots into the pot. By cutting the young shoots will be ready in a couple of weeks. Cut off better side shoots.

Basil, planted with a cutting, grows quickly, but also blooms quickly. As you know, after the start of flowering the plant is unsuitable for food. To have fresh basil on your table all the time, you need to update the planting every 3-4 months.

Planting basil with seeds will require more effort. But such a bush will not bloom for about a year. Seeds need to soak, cover, sprouts to transplant in pots. To grow basil with seeds is better in the spring, as in the winter period you will need to be light.

Rosemary in a clay pot on the windowsill will not only decorate the kitchen, but also useful when cooking. This plant can be grown in the summer in the country, and in the winter it will be great to feel at home.

It will take a wide pot in which a thick drainage layer is poured. Rosemary is demanding for light and air. He prefers the south side, and in the summer the plant pot must be planted in open ground, carried out on the balcony or put out of the window, otherwise the leaves will not accumulate a sufficient amount of essential oils.

For planting rosemary fit both seeds and cuttings. Seeds of plants have poor germination. They need to soak for 2 days, then put on the ground, not sprinkling on top, close the film and spray every day with a spray gun. If the seedlings did not appear after 4 weeks, new seeds are planted. When the seedlings release three or more leaves, they are planted in spacious pots.

It is easier to grow rosemary by cutting. For this you need a stiff plant escape. It is placed in a container with water or wet sand, and after rooting transplanted into a pot.

Rosemary likes frequent but moderate watering. It is better to dry the soil than pour. With a lack of moisture, the lower leaves of the plant will begin to turn yellow, and with an excess of them, the roots will rot, leading to the death of the plant.

If in the winter period to provide the plant with a low temperature (up to 5 degrees), then in the spring rosemary will bloom. Adult plants need to constantly cut, forming a bush.

Growing cucumbers on the windowsill in winter is a pretty attractive prospect. This can be done not only by an experienced gardener, but also by a novice. Cucumbers grow quite quickly, you can get the first harvest in a month and a half.

For cultivation on the windowsill is not suitable for any variety of cucumbers. First, it must be self-pollinated. During flowering, the bush should be shaken daily for pollination to occur. Secondly, it will be much more convenient if the plant is a bush. Thirdly, the early variety is better suited for home cultivation. Finally, the ideal option would be a shade-loving plant. You can grow cucumbers on the windowsill in winter varieties Connie, Masha, Legend, Debut, Flight, Babylon. Knowing the necessary parameters, you can pick up another variety.

Growing cucumbers at home has its own subtleties. After all, to provide all the necessary conditions can be difficult. Cucumbers are light-requiring, therefore windows on the south and east side will be suitable for their cultivation. If the light is still not enough, then you will need additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.

The temperature in the room should not be below 20 degrees, so you should not move the pot too close to a cold window. Cucumbers are very fond of moisture, so you need to make sure that the soil does not dry out. Flowerpot with a plant can be put in a bowl with water. Leaves should be sprayed with a spray bottle twice a day.

Many people think that growing tomatoes on the windowsill is a very difficult and inaccessible business for a beginner. But this is not the case at all! Moreover, for indoor cultivation there are special varieties.

Visiting the store for gardeners, note that on some packages with seeds it says “Recommended for pot growing”, “Harvest on the window”, “Home garden”. And the names of the varieties themselves are speaking - Room surprise, Balcony miracle, Japanese room. There are ampel varieties that will look great in pots - Peruvian home, Cherry, Talisman.

Even if you do not find special indoor varieties, the usual ones will do. Keep in mind that these tomatoes must be determinant (short and better than dwarf), self-pollinated (for pollinating, shrubs are shaken during flowering) and small-fruited. For example, Alaska, Bonsai, Bonsai Micro, Pearl (red and yellow), News Canada, Minibel, Pinocchio, etc.

Tomatoes can be planted immediately in large pots or pick picking, choosing the strongest sprouts. In the period of flowering and fruit set, tomatoes should be watered abundantly and sprayed on the leaves.

The room where the tomatoes grow, you need to air regularly - the plants do not like stale air. In winter, they need additional lighting. The plant must be periodically fed. The first fruits can be obtained in 3-4 months.

Tomato is a perennial plant. At home with good care, he will bear fruit for several years. After a period of active fruiting, the bush should be transplanted into a larger pot and renewed by trimming the branches. In addition, a tomato can be propagated by cutting. The plant, grown from cuttings, will begin to bloom in a few weeks.

Sweet pepper

How to grow peppers on the windowsill? This is no more difficult than growing tomatoes. True, the harvest will have to wait longer - 5-6 months. But pepper is a perennial plant, with good care, annual transplantation and pruning it will bear fruit for several years. The plant can be propagated not only by seed, but also by cuttings. Pepper care is also similar to tomato care, but with one significant difference - if a tomato does not tolerate stale air, the pepper is afraid of drafts, so it’s better not to lodge them in one window.

Best for growing in the apartment fit self-pollinated early ripe varieties - California miracle, Oda, Jupiter, Patio Ivo.

Pepper needs good illumination, warm, loose soil (regularly it is necessary to carry out the procedure of loosening the soil). This plant is not capricious, and will long please you with its fruits. You can grow it at home and hot peppers, but these plants should not be in the same room, otherwise there will be a pollination.

1. Watercress

This fast-growing, cold-resistant greens are rich in vitamins and mineral salts. For the cultivation of watercress does not need any soil or additional lighting. On the south windows, he will give a harvest in late January.

Watercress can be added to salads and decorate them with sandwiches.

Scatter the seeds on the surface of wet cotton, porous paper or hydrogel. Water them daily - and after 2-4 days shoots will appear. Spray the seedlings regularly with a spray bottle. When the plants reach a height of 7-8 cm, cut them with scissors.

For cultivation on the windowsill is best suited to varieties such as Spring, Vitamin, Dukat and Prestige.

2. Lettuce

Sheet salad - a favorite dish of vegetarians. It contains lactutin - a substance that improves digestion, regulates metabolism, soothes the nervous system, relieves insomnia and reduces blood pressure.

In the preparation of dishes using well-washed and dried lettuce leaves. Consider: the remaining water impairs the taste

Lettuce seeds sow sparsely in a container with a mixture of humus, sod land and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. Pour them with water at room temperature, cover with plastic and put in a dark place. When the first sprouts hatch, place a container with crops on the window sill.

Every 1-2 days, water the plants and in bright sunshine, protect from direct rays and overheating. To do this, close part of the window with a light cloth.

Lettuce leaves can be harvested when they are 3-4 cm long - approximately 4 weeks after sowing.

For cultivation on the windowsill are suitable varieties:Dubolistny, Lollo Rossa, Lollo Bionda, Odessa Curbbleup, Grand Rapids and etc.

Spinach thrives on southern and western windows. The more light will reach the plants, the more biologically active substances they accumulate. Spinach contains iron, organic acids, mineral salts, easily digestible proteins and many vitamins.

Spinach leaves are added to various foods. Salads from fresh vegetables and other greens are especially tasty.

Seeds can begin to sow from mid-January. As a container it is best to choose a small container. And at the same time the soil in it must be fertile, otherwise the seedlings will develop poorly. Also for successful cultivation requires timely watering.

When the first shoots appear, move them as close as possible to the glass so that they receive more light. The optimum air temperature is 15-19 ° C. At the age of 20 days, seedlings are preferably supplemented with complex microfertilizers.

30 days after sowing, it is already possible to pinch off the rich green spinach leaves. In this case, the crop is removed only before the appearance of peduncles: then the leaves become bitter and less useful.

For cultivation in the home are best grades: Bordeaux, Victoria, Virofle, Greasewood, Fortified, Stoic.

4. Mustard Sarepta

Sarepta mustard is grown in the same way as watercress without soil. In this case, a mixture of cress seed, sarepta mustard and leaf turnip is often placed in one container.

Spicy mustard leaves are added to side dishes and various salads

When growing, these cultures are placed on a window sill with an air temperature of 15 to 19 ° C and periodically sprayed.

On the windowsill you can grow all varieties of Sarepta mustard. The most popular ones are Wolf and Prima.

This plant contains vitamins of group B, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, iron, magnesium, iodine, zinc.

Hazelnut spicy taste of arugula enriches the taste of fresh salads

Arugula grows well in the winter on the southern windowsill. It must be sown superficially in a moderately moist soil and periodically sprayed with a spray bottle. After 8-10 days after emergence of shoots, crops should be thinned. Deleted plants can be eaten. After 3 weeks, leaves should appear, 1-2 of which you can pinch off the plant and eat.

For growing at home are suitable early maturing (Emerald Poker) and mid-season varieties (Corsica, Sicily, Rocket).

6. Vegetable purslane

The fleshy, moisture-retaining portulaca leaves are not only tasty, but also useful. Sow it the same way as other greens growing in the soil.

During the period of active growth, water the seedlings abundantly, it is desirable that there is always water in the pan. Feed the plants once a week with a solution of a complex mineral fertilizer (5 g per 1 l of water) or infusion of ash (20 g per 1 l of water).

3-4 weeks after the emergence of shoots, the leaves along with the shoots can be eaten

The best varieties of portulaca: Gold, Kuzminsky Semko andParadox.

7. Valerianella

Other names for this plant are mung bean, field salad, rapunzel. Valerianella is rich in iodine, iron and folic acid.

Young leaves of valerianella differ sweet taste and nutty aroma. They are perfectly combined with any meat dishes.

This green is resistant to cold, loves moisture and light, therefore, growing it in the winter, you can not do without supplementary lighting. A month after the emergence of bright green leaves are already suitable for human consumption.

If it is not possible to provide enough light, valerianella can be grown on porous paper, like watercress. In this case, eat sprouts.

Currently only foreign varieties of valerianella are known: Duplex, Pentagon, Trianon, Impromptu.

This annual plant with aniseed smell is most often used as a spice, but its young leaves are tasty and healthy greens that enrich the taste of salads.

Chervil is resistant to cold and shade, can do without additional lighting, loves moisture and grows well at air temperatures of around 15 ° C. In this case, the humidity should be high.

One month after germination, the plants are completely cut off and sown new.

The varieties of chervil vary in shape and color of leaves:Openwork, Brussels winter, Kinky, Dawn.

Borage leaves (cucumber herbs) have the aroma of fresh cucumbers. They improve the taste of spring salads.

The plant is unpretentious: it tolerates a lack of moisture, it is undemanding to the soil, temperature conditions and lighting. Just sow the seeds in a container with earth and moisten it periodically.

3-4 weeks after emergence of shoots (in the phase of 2-3 true leaves) borage can be added to salads. But cotyledon leaves are also suitable for eating - they are more tender.

Before harvesting, it is recommended to dry the soil a little. Due to this, the aroma of the plant will become more saturated

Borage varieties such as Vladykinskoye Semko, Brook, Morning very similar to each other. It differs from them only Dwarf: a plant of this variety is more compact.

10. Parsley

This popular plant needs no introduction. Parsley loves the light and, if it is lacking, is drawn out, therefore in the winter time it is better to use light. At the same time, culture perfectly tolerates cold and is not very demanding on moisture.

Parsley is added to soups, salads, side dishes, meat dishes, and also consumed fresh.

Sow 0.5 g of pre-soaked and germinated parsley seeds in a 30 x 20 cm container and a wall height of at least 15 cm. The soil must be fertile. Water the crops with room temperature water and place them in a well-lit place.

For cultivation on the windowsill are suitable varieties: Breeze, Sandwich, Sorceress, Gloria, Curly, Ordinary Leaf, Prima.

Dill is also sensitive to light. In addition, he needs daily heavy water sprays. The optimum temperature for growing is 15-18 ° C, however, the plant can withstand a short temperature drop to 8 ° C.

Dill is sown in the same way as parsley (in a bulk container), it is recommended to pour drainage only to the bottom so that with heavy watering it does not destroy the plants. Before the emergence of seedlings, it is better to keep the crops under a plastic cover.

Dill contains a lot of vitamin C, E and beta-carotene. It is also rich in potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sodium.

Recommended varieties: Grenadier, Gribovsky, Kibray, Richelieu.

Proper cultivation of lettuce on a seed sill

Salad contains in its composition a huge amount of nutrients. Therefore, many lovers of this green want to grow it not only at their summer cottage, but also at home. Is it possible to grow lettuce from seeds on a window sill at home? This will be discussed further.

Salad is quite possible to grow at home. Both in winter and in summer. But this plant at home requires a lot of attention.

For its growth requires a lot of sunlight. On short winter days, additional lighting is required. If there is not enough light, it starts blooming early. Does not tolerate drought, heat. At the same time the leaves become bitter. Beginners should not take on the cultivation in the flat head. They are very capricious.

This is an early ripe culture. To constantly have greens at home, it should be planted 1 time in 10 - 14 days.

Batavia - the most suitable variety of salad for the apartment

The most suitable type of apartment is Batavia. In grocery stores most often sell it.

It grows even without additional illumination. Может выдерживать недолговременную засуху, высокие температуры воздуха.

Самые известные сорта для культивирования на подоконнике:

  • Лолло росса
  • Изумрудное кружево
  • New Year
  • Лолло бионда
  • Витаминный
Лолло Росса Изумрудное кружево Новогодний Лолло бионда Витаминный

Лолла росса отличается бурым кочаном, кучерявыми светло-зелёными листьями. It is considered the most vitamin. It has a delicate flavor.

Lolla Bionda - the most beautiful. Leaves wavy. Yellow green. The taste is pleasant, bitter with a nutty flavor.

The apartment also grows watercress. This is a moisture-loving plant. Top grades for windowsill:

  • curly,
  • pepper,
  • broadleaf
  • ordinary.
Watercress Broadleaf

The roots of lettuce do not lie deep in the soil. Large containers for its growth are not needed. It is better to choose a plastic pot. Capacity should be 1–2 liters. Depth - 10 - 35 cm. Depending on the variety. At the bottom of the tank should be holes.

Soil can be purchased at the store or use garden land. Sour soil for planting is not suitable. Better option - a mixture of turf land, humus, sand. Another option - garden soil, coconut fiber, biohumus. The ratio of the last two - 2: 1.

For sowing it is necessary to use drainage: pebbles, expanded clay, broken bricks, small pebbles.

When using garden soil, the soil should be disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The soil is filled in the pot, not cutting to the edges 2.5 - 3 cm.

Some varieties can be grown without soil. One of them is watercress. For cultivation use such improvised materials as sponge, cotton wool, paper.

Some varieties of lettuce can be grown without soil - on paper or cotton

  • Seeds before sowing are disinfected in potassium permanganate solution. Time - 2-3 hours.
  • Put a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot.
  • Drainage covered with earth. Watered.
  • Make a groove. Depth - 5 mm. The distance between the rows is 10 cm.
  • Seeds are placed in the groove. Fall asleep with a small amount of earth. Lightly compacted.
  • Cover the capacity of the package - create a greenhouse effect.
  • Put in a dark place.
  • When the first germs appear, the package is removed. Transferred to the windowsill.

The first shoots can be seen in 4 - 5 days. It is necessary to protect it from direct sunlight. In bright sunny days it is necessary to shade it - the leaves can burn.

Salad loves warmth. For its good growth requires a temperature in the range of 17-21 degrees. During a strong lowering of temperatures outside, the container with plants should be removed from the windowsill.

Culture needs thinning. This is done 2 times:

  1. After 1 week, as the first shoots appear, it is necessary to leave a distance between them of 1-2 cm.
  2. When 2 true leaves are formed, the Distance is 4–5 cm.

If the salad grows thick, a good harvest will not be possible.

Salad needs thinning twice

Watering should be abundant. With insufficient soil moisture, the arrows begin to form earlier than usual. Watered with settled water 1 time in 1 - 2 days.

If the container is on the south side - more often. In winter - less. It is impossible to moisten the soil too much - roots, lower leaves will begin to rot. Indoor air should be humidified. The leaves are sprayed with water from a spray bottle.

Feed 1 time in 1,5–2 weeks. Suitable fertilizers for indoor plants. This is a fast-growing culture. If fertile soil was chosen for planting, it grows well without them.

You can not make a large amount of nitrogen fertilizers - lettuce is able to accumulate nitrates. If you use a feed based on potassium iodide, you can get a plant with a large amount of iodine in the composition.

Photophilous plant In winter, in short autumn - spring days, additional lighting should be used - fluorescent lamps. Include them for 2 - 5 hours. Suspend at a height of 50 - 60 cm above the plant.

A light day for growing lettuce should last 12-14 hours.

In total, daylight hours should last 12-14 hours. It is impossible to highlight during the day. Greens should rest.

If there is no possibility to supplement the plant, it is best to plant it at the end of winter.

The salad has very fragile, superficial roots. Loosen the land under the seedlings can not.

Growing lettuce on the windowsill in winter

In winter, you need to think about your health, in particular, about good nutrition. Greens will help to enrich the diet with useful vitamins and microelements. Growing lettuce on the windowsill in the winter is not difficult - this culture is quite accessible in home cultivation. To get a good crop of leaf lettuce, you need to know the rules for planting and caring for the plant.

Leaf lettuce has a number of useful properties. It contains vitamins and minerals that have a beneficial effect on the body. When the product is consumed, normalization of the health of the heart, nervous system is ensured, blood pressure is reduced, immunity is strengthened. It is recommended to people on a diet, children and pregnant women. With low-calorie salad contains nutrients - the feeling of saturation lasts a long time.

Greens are used in cosmetology for the rejuvenation and regeneration of the skin. From it make preparations for improvement of hair and nails. Salad mask is a great tonic and prevents age-related changes in the skin of the face.

Garden on the windowsill: 25 plants for salad and comfort

The spring garden of the house is a million in one: the eco-style, praised by the Scandinavians, saving on vitamins and entertainment for the whole family. They checked out that it can be easily grown on a window sill, and with which one will have to be very much confused, where to do with improvised means, and where it is better not to save, which plants should be grown from seeds, and which ones - from the remains that were not included in the salad.

You can grow fresh greens at home without any special tools, planting seeds in packing trays from under the vegetables and greens, yogurt cups or containers from Doshik. However, for beauty and style it is better to purchase special pots or boxes - wide, but not deep. Conveniently, they will be equipped with special lids to create a greenhouse effect, although it can be achieved by simply covering the pot with plastic wrap or packing it in a transparent bag from the nearest “Magnet”.

The same principle with the tools - you can dig in the ground with improvised means, but why, if for a decent mini shovel and a rake in Fix Price they are asked for only 50 rubles? You will also need a spray gun or a watering can with a nozzle for “rain” and a bottle for settling water - it is too cruel to pour the young greens with tap water.

The most stylish pots and watering cans were spotted at Ikea this spring, although their prices are not the most affordable (the Bittergurka watering can from white eco-ceramics costs 799 rubles, and this is already a seasonal discount). Most fashionable ones can go broke and on garden gadgets - hydroponic beds, aqua farms and mini-greenhouses - you can check the possibilities of technology, for example, by reference.

For the ground is better to go to the store. Digging up on the nearest lawn or grandmother's dacha is not an option, since not only weeds but also insect larvae are full of street soil, which have no place in the kitchen. Ideally - to buy special land for home-grown vegetables (30-50 rubles for a five-liter package), but if this is not available in the nearest store, the soil for indoor plants will also work. It is also possible to spend money on the drainage - expanded clay or special pebbles, or you can use crushed foam or chopped corks from bottles of eight-mart vine.

Starter level

Even a kindergartenman can grow green onions, watercress or parsley on the windowsill. Even the ground is not required for planting cress: the seeds are placed in moistened cotton or paper towels. You can also do without a pot - enough plates or a tray. It is necessary to sow thickly so that the plants support each other. Press the seeds into a moist substrate and place them on a lighted sill. It is important to maintain humidity, but not to flood. Heat does not like salad - the top temperature for it is 18 degrees. Harvest is worth the wait in 2-3 weeks. To update the seedlings, you can either plant new seeds every 3-4 days, or sow a new pallet every two weeks (this rule works for almost all plants that are grown from seeds).

Chives can also be grown without land. The bulb is placed in a glass of water so that only the root is in the water. You need to change the water every day to avoid rotting. It is also possible to transplant to the ground - after the appearance of the roots. You do not need to deepen the bulbs entirely, you can plant densely - one to one. Also, through the roots and water, celery is grown. The basis is not taken from the root (which would seem logical), but from the leaf stalk. After the appearance of the roots in the water it is transplanted into a pot and wait a couple of weeks before the appearance of new leaves.

Mint is grown directly from the twigs bought in the store: they are put in the water, and after the roots appear, they are planted in pots. Only regular watering is important.

Parsley can be grown from both rhizome and seed. For the first method, we look for greens in a pot in supermarkets, cut the leaves, and put the root in moist soil. The first shoots should appear within a few days. To grow not one bush, but a whole garden, we buy seeds. We plant them in peat cups or immediately into the ground. The first harvest will appear only after a month and a half, but will be updated for a whole year. Parsley likes light and water, but it doesn’t pickle at the temperature - it grows equally well on a kitchen window sill and on an unheated balcony.

It is difficult to spoil the bed with dill. Seeds can not even soak - immediately planted in a moist soil. The main requirement is to ensure frequent watering. The best cultivar for growing a house is Gribovsky.

Marjoram is also unpretentious - it survives on loggias even in winter and sprouts well from seeds. It is easy to tolerate not only cold, but also a lack of light, but you still have to water it.

Explorer level

Speeding up the "simple" plants, you can go to the more capricious. There is nothing supernatural to do - just comply with certain conditions.

Basil seeds are planted at a distance of 5-6 centimeters from each other, because otherwise the emerging bushes will be cramped, and the pots are placed in the warmest place of the kitchen, creating familiar conditions for the “Italian”. You can grow it from cuttings, putting in the water purchased in the store twigs and subsequently transplanting them into the ground. Spinach and arugula seeds are not planted deeply - otherwise there is a risk not to wait for the crop at all. These plants need and the sun, and abundant watering. Long - 3-4 weeks - oregano germinates. But here the abundance of water is only harmful: even a small stagnation of liquid can lead to the death of the crop.

Leaf lettuce will be good only in humid air - in a dry and hot room its leaves will become rough and bitter. Watering should be plentiful, but if you pour it, the roots will rot. But the plant carries the cold calmly - it will grow on the glassed-in balcony until late autumn. For home conditions, it is better to take the varieties "Lollo Ross", "Lollo Bionda", "Red Credo", "Odessa", "Vitamin" and "New Year". They can be grown from seeds, stalks or rhizomes left in pots from the supermarket.

Rosemary needs a wide pot and a thick drainage layer. Seeds germinate poorly, so cuttings are more often used for planting, which are first germinated in water. Sprigs from the market do not fit - you need a stiffened plant escape, which in Samara can be found only in special stores for summer residents or among the spices of the provincial market, if you are lucky. After transplanting into the soil, the plant must be watered - often, but moderately, and trimmed to form a shrub. In warm weather, it is better to transfer it to the open balcony or to the outside window-pots - otherwise rosemary will not pick up the correct amount of essential oils.

Thyme also needs "airing." It is unpretentious to moisture and heat, but sensitive to a lack of light.

On the contrary, seeds of mustard mustard are germinated in the dark, bringing the pots into the light only when the first shoots appear. Thin mustard greens is not worth it - the denser it is planted, the longer it will remain juicy. It is important to provide watering, and in the summer to rearrange in a cool place - otherwise there will be arrows, and the leaves will become too sharp.

God Level

The most advanced and driven gardeners can wipe out on zamorochennye agricultural crops: strawberries, tomatoes, beans and even figs. If you follow the detailed advice of practicing gardeners, everything should work out. Follow this link to check the instructions for growing tomatoes and cucumbers, sweet and hot peppers, carrots and beans, and for this we watch workshops on planting strawberries, blueberries and figs.

There is only a question of aesthetics - in fact, if the greens on the windowsill still fit into the style of a city apartment, then tomato seedlings and tied cucumbers claim to the style “Shed at the grandfather.”

In any case, at home it is worth growing only grassy plants or small bushes, better - from the native middle band. Avocados, for example, on the Samara balcony will hardly survive to the fruiting stage - in nature it is a 20-meter tree growing in the subtropics. It is better to focus on the close heart of dill and parsley.

Varieties of lettuce for growing on the windowsill

The most undemanding to the conditions of cultivation - a variety of salad Batalia (Batavia). He refers to the disruptive, it is him most often you see in grocery stores. Its advantages for planting at home are: - less demanding of light, - tolerates short-term drought and elevated temperatures, - can be grown hydroponically. A good harvest of lettuce can be obtained on the windowsill, even without dostavka, although the leaves will not be as large as if they were grown in the garden.

Among the many varieties of lettuce, watercress is also suitable for growing at home. He likes moisture, but when watering should be careful that the roots do not start to rot from its excess. The most suitable varieties of watercress for growing on the windowsill: Pepper, Ordinary, Broadleaf, Curly.

For the cultivation on the windowsill, they also recommend early ripening varieties: Red Credo, Grand Rapids, Lollo Rossa, Lollo Bionda and Odessa.

Requirements for the soil for growing lettuce at home

In winter and the off-season, the salad will need to be lit with phytolamps for 2-5 hours. The best substrate for salad is a mixture of coconut fiber and biohumus in a ratio of 2 to 1. Seeds before planting should be pickled in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 2-3 hours. Land for landing must be drained. Use for these purposes claydite, broken brick or pebbles.

The soil is poured over the drainage and irrigated (the soil should be moist at the time of planting). For the cultivation of leaf lettuce is best to use 1-2 liters of pots. Seeds are planted to a depth of 5 - 10 mm and cover the container with cellophane plantings to create greenhouse conditions. After 4-5 days, the first shoots will appear on the surface. For further development of leaf celery, the average daily temperature should be between +17 and +21 C.

Choosing a container for growing lettuce at home

To start, select a medium sized tank. The plant does not have a particularly deep root system, so an average container is suitable, for example, 60 by 60 cm or 40 by 80, with a depth of about 10-15 cm. Plastic pots are preferable to clay ones, since the clay absorbs water and the soil dries them faster than in plastic.

When using clay pots, you can line it inside with a plastic bag, fill the ground and plant the seeds. Do not forget to make holes in the bag for water flow.

Make sure that any of your pot has drainage holes, they will allow excess water to drain into the pan if you water the plant from above. Holes also allow you to use watering from the tray, which is especially useful for salad. Clean the container if it was once used. Bacteria and insect eggs can subsequently destroy your plants. Standard soap and warm water should kill most of the potential threats, but you can also wash the container with a solution of nine parts water and one part bleach for a more thorough cleaning or soda solution followed by rinsing with potassium permanganate.

Growing lettuce on the windowsill at home

Sprinkle the seeds on top - a pinch, as if salting it. Try not to sow too much in one place, but you do not need to worry too much about how far apart the seeds are. Subsequently, the shoots still have to thin out. You can, if the size of the container allows it, stick a hole in the floor a centimeter with your finger and throw seeds into them, or make even grooves - do as you like.

Sprinkle the ground over the top, covering the seeds with a layer of 0.5-0.7 cm. If you use more soil, the seeds will not be able to get the light they need to germinate.

Use a spray bottle to irrigate your landing with water. The soil should be thoroughly moistened, but not limp. Water it every morning. The earth must remain constantly wet for the seeds to germinate; this happens within one to two weeks. Salad may need more or less frequent watering, depending on how warm and sunny your home is. Check the soil with your fingertip, deepening it by 1-1.5 cm. If you feel dryness - pour more.

Keep the greens cool, ideally from +16 to +21 degrees. Приветствуется снижение температуры на 6-8 градусов в ночное время, чтобы имитировать природные условия.

Салат в домашних условиях нуждается в регулярном поливе один раз в два или три дня, особенно важно поливать салат в жаркую пору, поскольку пересыхание субстрата ускоряет формирование цветочных стрелок и, соответственно, появление горьковатого привкуса в листьях. In general, the optimum temperature for growing seedlings is 16-20 ºC, although they feel great on the loggia at a temperature of 6-7 ºC. Dangerous than coolness is for the salad to have a higher temperature and dry air; therefore, fresh young greens should be sprayed daily with a spray bottle. Both watering and sprinkling lettuce in a pot should be separated with room temperature water.

Dressing salad

Intensive growth of lettuce is possible only with good nutrition, so it is desirable to add liquid complex fertilizer to the substrate every week. But since lettuce has the ability to accumulate nitrates, the amount of added nitrogen must be controlled, and even better, homemade lettuce is fed with organic matter, for example, an aqueous solution of mullein in a ratio of 1:10.

Growing watercress at home on the windowsill

No special conditions for the cultivation of watercress do not need to create, it is enough just to provide him with good illumination, and regular watering.

Naturally, the cultivation of watercress on the windowsill, attracts, above all, a small amount of time and effort spent. As a container for cultivation, any container about 8–10 cm in height will be suitable, into which any soil mixture purchased in a specialized store, which is already rich in a large number of trace elements and substances necessary for cultivation, should be filled. We strongly do not recommend using soil from a vegetable garden - pests eggs can be contained in the ground, which can destroy your watercress crops in a matter of hours. Seeds must be sown to an average depth of 50 mm. After the appearance of the first shoots, your main task will be to maintain the temperature within the low positive range - about 6-8 C. First of all, it contributes to the development of the plant root system, and its strengthening. But, when unfolding the first leaves, the temperature must be increased to 15 C (not more, since this is the recommended maximum for growing this plant). It is highly recommended not to raise the temperature to higher rates, since the plants are very quickly drawn out, exhausted, and then simply wither and disappear. The ideal location for placing a container with a plant will be its location between window frames, where in winter the temperature complies with the recommended standards. If you follow these simple tips, the average yield of watercress increases 700 g / sq. meter.

Growing spinach at home on the windowsill

It is best to choose early early varieties for growing under sill conditions. Here are some popular varieties: Virofle, Godri, Giant, Stoic.

For quick germination, seeds should be soaked in warm water for a day, then they can be kept for several hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then blot and lightly dry.

First, the seeds are sown in one seedling box, then they need a pick. Shallow grooves are made in the box - with a depth of 1 to 1.5 cm they are lightly covered with a layer of earth and watered with a spray gun. After sowing over the pot, you should build a greenhouse, or just cover it with a plastic bag. After emergence of shoots cellophane should be removed.

Usually shoots appear in 5-7 days. Plants remain in the seedling boxes until 2-3 true leaves appear, and then they can be swooped into separate pots.

Despite its value and original taste, this salad is not capricious. It is also possible to grow “beauty salad” at home on the windowsill, provided that there is good lighting, since arugula is a light-loving plant. Land for salad can be purchased at the store, special for vegetables. The most convenient and economical way to grow arugula - seedlings.

Shoots appear after 4-5 days. After that, small plants are planted separately from each other in boxes or it is very convenient to grow rocket in flower pots. Planting 1-2 plants in one container. In order for the lettuce to be tender and tasty, do not allow the plant to bloom, the flowers must be cut off. Growing arugula on the window will allow you to feast on a healthy salad all year round.

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