Severe Siberian conditions - the main obstacle for the cultivation of perennial flowers in this area. The fact is that perennials are plants whose roots remain in the soil both in summer and in winter. Perennial flowers for Siberia and the Urals should have a very frost-resistant root system. For this reason, many Siberian gardeners prefer not to risk and only do annual plants in the summer. What flowers and ornamental shrubs still take root in a cool region, and how to choose varieties, taking into account all their features, we will tell you today.
Pros and cons of perennial flowers for Siberia
Of course, in creating a perennial flower bed there are more positive moments. We note the main two: you do not need to spend time each year on the arrangement of the flower garden, picking up the necessary varieties, the plants have already taken root and are more likely to ascend in the spring.
There are drawbacks to the Siberian stationary flower bed: even winter-adapted flowers may not survive the winter, frost-resistant plants often germinate later and grow more slowly than annuals, therefore not all can mature and mature in summer conditions in the Urals.
What exactly will grow, and how not to lose the choice of varieties? For you, Siberian flower growers, the most popular perennial flowers that will withstand your harsh climate 100%.
No. 1: Juniper
Juniper is a very beneficial ornamental shrub in every sense. Although the name of this plant has southern "notes", almost all its varieties are successfully grown in the harsh Russian climate, including the northern regions. Junipers love moisture and well-drained planting sites. Penumbra is the best place for this plant. The most successful varieties: Blue Carpet, Daursky, Pfeteriana Aureya, Akari and others.
Mountain ash is a universal contender for the Ural garden. It grows well, both in the shade and in the sun, loves watering and occasional mineral supplements, grows up to 3 meters. This Siberian unpretentious shrub is valued not only for decorative foliage, playing with different colors during the season. Its thick white or pink bloom fills the garden with aroma and romance. Fieldfare blooms for at least 30 days, and blooms in different ways, depending on the onset of heat in the region. A month of stable warming - and your fieldfare is in bloom!
No. 3: Snowberry
Snowberry is an amazing ornamental shrub with rounded dark green leaves. In the spring, the varieties of the snowberry bloom, and by the summer its branches are dotted with pink or white round fruits. This plant belongs to the shade-tolerant unpretentious perennial shrubs. Its most frost-resistant variety is the snowberry “Chenot”. Its pink fruits, although not edible, can help pollinate nearby plants, attracting bees.
# 4: Erantis Sibirsky
The first “lark” of your spring garden can be surprisingly bright yellow flowers of eranthis (spring tree). Tender buds often appear right from under the snow, as if they are in a hurry to tell all the Siberian inhabitants that spring has come!
Powerful root system allows the spring to not freeze in severe Ural conditions. He is absolutely unpretentious in care, quickly grows and pleases owners with abundant spring flowering.
No. 5: True Bedstraw
Amazing plant with thick yellow flowering panicles looks very stylish in any garden. The bedstraw is not only a decorative, but also a medicinal flower. Broths of its flowers and leaves help to overcome depression, ulcerative colitis, liver and kidney diseases.
This perennial perennial to any conditions grows well in the sun, in partial shade, on hillocks, flowerbeds, near hedges or near the porch. Bedtime blooms all summer. In our region, you can grow and fragrant bed-bed, which will fill your garden with a thick aroma from May to June.
№6: Clematis small-flowered
Clematis is an ideal plant for the Siberian climate. This unpretentious plant blooms with thick white flowers. Thanks to the climbing ability of the branches, this perennial is great for creating hedges, gazebos, arches and balconies.
No. 7: Girlish grapes
If you need to close an unsightly fence, shed or decorate any buildings, then the girl's grapes are exactly what you need! This unpretentious decorative perennial liana withstands severe frosts, grows on poor soils in the shade or in the scorching sun. Her little berries, like precious stones, hang in compact clusters. The leaves of grapes have the ability to change color: in spring - juicy green, in summer and autumn - from yellowish shades to burgundy.
Mahonia will delight you with bright green beautiful glossy foliage throughout the year. This plant, rather, can be attributed to the shrubs. Magonia bloom in early May, releasing panicles with yellow flowers like mimosa or lily of the valley. All Siberians necessarily recommend planting magonia in your garden. She is not afraid of frost and can bloom even in winter! Well, isn't it a godsend for the harsh Siberian weather?
Phlox - wonderful flowers for cold regions. They are frost resistant, easy to care for and breeding. Bright and fragrant flox florets, like torches, fill the garden with all the colors during the warm half of the year. Paniculate and spotty varieties of these flowers of domestic breeding take root better than others in cold climates.
No. 10: Creeping periwinkle
White, lilac or blue vinca flowers refresh even the darkest parts of the garden. Waxy green leaves have a round or oval shape, and are no less decorative than the flowers themselves. This groundcover perennial - one of the most trouble-free "inhabitants" of any garden. Judge for yourself: it grows by itself, it breeds by itself, it feeds on its own too, loves coolness and partial shade. All that is required of you is to select and plant it in your flower bed.
Of course, this is not the whole list of perennial applicants for the decoration of your site. We also advise you to pay attention to hosts, badan, liverwort, tulips, daffodils, frost-resistant varieties of decorative poppies, snowdrops, winter-hardy shrubs and other plants for the garden in cool climatic zones.
Useful tips on arranging a perennial flower bed in Siberian conditions
- Form a flower bed of several levels, so that all plants look neat and complement each other. Ornamental shrubs (mountain ash, mahonia, snowberry or tall juniper bushes) and perennial perennials, such as girlish grapes or clematis, can brighten up the background. The center of the flower bed is decorated with medium-sized species (phloxes, juniper, bedstraws, bergenia, etc.). And, finally, make the border of the flower garden ground-covering perennials: snowdrops, erantises, periwinkles, etc.
- Provide continuous flowering beds, taking into account the sequence of the growing season of each perennial. Shrubs and climbing species always look decorative. Plant around them flowers of different aging times: spring with summer, summer with autumn and late, so that they are mixed in a flowerbed. Thus, your plants will bloom one after another, without leaving bald spots in the flower garden.
- Combine perennials with bright annuals. Every year, having a bed with a new “twist” will help you with just a couple of varieties of different annual crops. Plant seeds for seedlings early in the home, and in the middle of spring you will provide your site with new bright colors.
And who said that flowering gardens are only in the south? Use our advice and refute this erroneous opinion!
Large root perennials
Plants in this group can live for many years without a transplant, but eventually stop blooming. Such aged specimens must be excavated (the best time is August), divided into parts and planted in a new place.
I successfully shared the old bushes of irises and peonies. Young plants bloom 2–3 years after division.
Irises bloom in June - July, there are many varieties in height from 0.2 to 1.5 m with flowers of different colors. The most winter-hardy species:
- Iris water with yellow flowers, a powerful moisture-loving plant that can grow even in places flooded with water.
Iris water grows well and blooms even in water
Cambridge - an old very winter hardy variety of Siberian toffee
Wabash - an old frost-resistant variety of bearded iris with two-color flowers
Water and Siberian irises tolerate light shading and can grow without a transplant up to 10 years, but they cannot stand the drying of the roots. Suciful bearded irises require a sunny place, fertile soil without stagnation of water and regular division of the bushes every 3–5 years.
Miniature varieties of bearded irises bloom perfectly in dry sunny places.
There is no doubt about the reliability of wholesalers of Siberian irises supplied here: they are far from new, and some are simply antique. But this, in general, is not bad - but they are time tested. Another thing is that Western suppliers supply these irises chilled, if not frozen. I heard from reputable experts that when planted chilled, they take root perfectly, but after storage at room temperature, there may be problems in the retail network
Daylily is a very unpretentious and hardy plant up to 1 m in height, withstands partial shade, does not suffer from drought and weeds. Different species bloom from June to August.
Old varieties with yellow and orange flowers can grow and bloom for decades without any care.
Daylilies - photo gallery
Daylilies are absolutely unpretentious. They need a sunny location and watering in dry weather. Damp for daylily - bad. Stagnant water in springtime is fraught with the emergence of root gray rot and the death of the plant.
Peony is a very durable perennial up to 1.2 m in height with carved leaves and large red, pink, white flowers. It blooms in the first half of summer, grows up to 15–25 years without a transplant. Requires fertile soil without stagnant water, good lighting and regular watering.
Meadowsweet (Labaznik) and Volzhanka
Meadowsweet and Volzhanka - related to each other moisture-loving plants up to 2 m in height with carved leaves and delicate white inflorescences, bloom in June-July. Grow well in partial shade, and with regular watering and in open places.
- Meadowsweet lightly tolerates waterlogging and even temporary flooding in the spring.
The meadowslider has garden form with double flowers
Volzhanka over the years forms powerful bushes up to 2 meters in diameter
In Kamchatka meadowsweet bright pink flowers and large beautiful leaves
Many-leaved lupine - upright plant up to 1.5 m high with palmate leaves, blooms in June with blue, white or pink tassels. It requires good lighting, can grow on poor soils, easily withstands short droughts.
Multi-leaf lupine with bright buds easy to grow from seed
Adult lupine bushes have a deep root system and do not tolerate transplants. New plants are easily obtained from seeds sown before winter.
Rudbeckia dissected - durable and unpretentious plant up to 2.5 m, pleasing yellow flowers in August - September. The most popular terry form, known as the "golden ball". It needs regular watering, tolerates light partial shade and any soil. High stems must be tied to a support.
The Golden Ball is the most popular grade of rudbeckia dissected
Goldenrod is a very hardy plant with a height of up to 2 m, it blooms with yellow panicles from August to late autumn. It grows on any soil, even on heavy clay. It grows quickly, without requiring any care. Easily withstands any weeds.
Unpretentious goldenrod grows quickly and is not afraid of weeds
My goldenrod grows on its own near the fence for many years, successfully replacing nettles.
Having correctly picked up suitable plants, it is possible to have flowers in the garden that do not require special care from early spring to late autumn.
Secrets of a beautiful flower bed
The flower bed will be a wonderful decoration of the garden, if at its creation will be selected plants that harmoniously exist with each other. Choosing perennials for Siberia, you need to consider:
- flowering period
- the color and shape of flowers
- plant requirements for soil composition,
- relation to shadow, partial shade, bright sun,
- frequency of watering.
A gardener, when choosing flowers for perennials for Siberia, must estimate how much time he can spend on caring for a flower bed. For example, in the following photo a selection of perennials for Siberia, the care of which, minimal, they can grow in one place for many years, tolerate drought and severe winters well.
Other flowering perennials for Siberia require more attention. Delphinium, carnation, bells, sage need a transplant every 2-3 years, and in the summer they need regular watering, disease prevention, protective measures against pests.
There are ornamental plants that require a lot of time to care. These are, above all, bulbous (tulips, gladioli), perennial dahlias, chrysanthemums, phloxes. They all need specific care, feeding. For acquaintance a selection of flowers of perennials for Siberia with a photo and names.
Bulbous plants for Siberia
A selection of bulbous perennials for Siberia with photos and names will help you choose plants for the second tier of a flower bed, their height does not exceed 50 cm.
Narcissus, despite the external fragility, unpretentious, it is successfully grown in Siberia. The flower is propagated by seeds and bulbs. Daffodils are among the first to decorate the garden with blooming flowers.
Rich flowering is achieved when planting daffodils in sunny areas. Without a transplant a flower can do for 5 years. At the same time the largest bulbs need to be planted annually.
Soils fit any. To restore fertility in the flower bed to make humus or matured compost. Daffodils respond well to making ash. She needs to dust the soil around the flower before watering.
Be sure to feed the flower twice per season. The first time is superphosphate, potassium nitrate and urea during the period of bud formation. The second time fertilized with nitroammofoskoy already faded plants.
Narcissus varieties are well wintering in Siberia:
- N. tubular ("Bruschine", "Golden Harvest", "Sentinel").
- N. large-horned ("Agahon", "Ice Folis", "Curley").
- N. terry ("White Lyon", "Texas", "Eudora").
In the northern hemisphere grows to 100 species of wild lilies. The following cultural varieties have taken root in Siberia:
From spring to autumn, you can plant and change lilies. Spread overgrown nests every 3-4 years. Only Martagon hybrids tolerate shade; other varieties prefer sunny places and light penumbra.
Winter lilies only in the presence of a thick layer of snow. In areas where the snow blows off, plant them meaningless. Each type has its own preferences for the ground:
- Asians need neutral or slightly acidic soil,
- tubular lilies - slightly alkaline earth,
- Martagon hybrids - sour.
Care consists of watering, several dressings. They are carried out before flowering. The plant needs the last feeding during the formation of buds. Faded lilies do not water, the stems are cut for the winter. The plant is subject to attack by aphids. Easy to get rid of. Usually flower growers use from "Inta-Vir" or "Aktellik" aphids.
Iris net is a flower for spring beds with a large supply of frost resistance, which is very important for Siberia. They bloom in early spring small, fragrant flowers. For perennial suitable well-fertilized, light, drained soil. Moisture stagnation for irises is destructive.
The bulbs are planted in a flower bed in early autumn one month before the first frost. You can plant irises in the spring, but then flowering will come only after a year. Abundant watering is needed only during budding, in the summer they are reduced to once a month. Iris is combined in plantings with other bulbous plants (Scyllae, crocuses) and with most perennials.
Perennials blooming all summer
For novice florists, perennials for Siberia that bloom all summer long will be the best choice; a photo and a brief description of their main characteristics will help you to make a plan of plantings.
Phlox - perennials for Siberia, blooming all summer. In landscape design use different types of phlox:
- F. The awl.
- F. Panic.
- F. Stolonosny.
In the conditions of the harsh Siberian climate, perennials should be planted in places where snow lingers in winter. The site should be well lit by the sun, to be behind the wind. In autumn, the flowerbed with phloxes should be covered with fallen leaves, peat or several layers of covering material.
For Siberia, the phlox paniculate varieties are suitable:
For the cultivation of phlox, any garden soil with a humus layer not less than 25 cm thick is suitable. The perennial grows better and blooms in neutral soil. Flowerbed before planting need to fill with mineral fertilizers without chlorine and ash.
Phloxes greatly deplete the soil, so every year it is necessary to add compost or humus to the flowerbed along with mineral fertilizers. Сорта ранние и среднеранние по срокам цветения высаживают в конце августа, поздноцветущие многолетники лучше сажать весной или в сентябре.
У цветоводов большой выбор многолетних флоксов по цветовой гамме и характеристикам роста. Для оформления сада можно использовать сорта:
- бордюрные (15-25 см),
- medium length (70-90 cm),
- tall (100-150 cm).
In mixed plantings, phloxes are combined with little aggressive perennials: a brocade, bells, aquilegia, carnations.
Propagate phlox cuttings (stem, leaf), dividing the bush. In the care of the main element are watering. Perennial consumes a large amount of water during flowering. With insufficient soil moisture flowers become smaller, the stems become thinner, the plant loses its decorative effect.
Low-flowering perennial flowering is used for rock gardens and border flower beds. Bright flowers - the perfect decoration of any flower beds. At one place carnation grass without much care grows up to 7 years without a transplant.
The height of the stems is 20 cm. The color of the inflorescences corresponds to the variety; it is possible to choose both soft white and bright red specimens. The carnation travyanka is extremely unpretentious, quickly gets accustomed on any soil, well breeds self-sowing.
Flowering lasts almost 1.5 months. Flowerbeds lined with carnations and garden glades covered with flowering perennials look elegant and well maintained. Carnation is propagated by grass with seeds, cuttings, dividing bushes.
Thrips and aphids can attack perennials. To protect against pests, they loosen the soil in the fall, remove weeds, and in the summer they process flowers with insecticides. So that the fungus does not hit the flower, expanded clay is added to the wells during planting.
In the garden can not do without high perennials. These are the most expressive elements of landscape design. With their help, create different compositions:
- zoned garden plots
- create a background for low-growing plants
- make out ponds, creating the necessary accents,
- Planted as tapeworms at the entrance to the house or near the fence.
This is a giant and very spectacular perennial plant up to 2 m in height. A beautiful flowering perennial is used as a tapeworm to decorate a lawn, it is included in group compositions, and it is lettered in rock gardens.
Good companions for Eremurus:
- bulbous perennials,
- bearded iris,
- blooming letniki,
Perennial propagated by seeds and delenkami. Young plants easily tolerate transplantation, the rhizome of the old perennials is huge, it is difficult to transplant. Reproduction by dividing the root and transplanting young flowers are practiced from August 15 to September 15-20.
Perennial prefers sunny areas. The soil is needed moderately fertile, well drained. Add to clay soil:
Eremurus blooms in June. Inflorescences are huge, up to 50 cm long, openwork, like a huge tongue of a candle. Long, triangular leaves are collected in beautiful basal rosettes. After flowering, complete or partial dieback of the aerial part occurs.
Care consists of weeding, watering and two dressings. If there is no rain, you need to water at least 2 times a week. Topsoil thickness of 20 cm should be constantly wet.
Varieties of perennial Eremurus, suitable for cultivation in Siberia:
- E. Ruiter Cleopatra,
- E. Ruiter OASE,
- E. Representative.
Beautiful pyramidal delphinium inflorescences amaze with their beauty. Some species of flowering perennial easily tolerate Siberian frosts. Frost-resistant species are found in the wild nature of Siberia, in Mongolia and in the mountainous regions of Northern Europe.
If there is no particular confidence in the stability of the plant before the frost, it is best to additionally cover it with a film, and sprinkle it with foliage on top - sometimes winter can produce a too long frosty period, when many perennial flowers risk dying.
Thus, the Siberian and Ural region is also an excellent place to create the garden of your dreams. It is only important to choose suitable varieties and types of flowers, but fortunately, the choice is very wide - every gardener will find something to his liking.