General information

Spirea Berezolistnaya: varieties, planting, care and use in landscape design


People also call this plant Tavolga, although there is nothing in common between them: the spirea belongs to the Rosaceae family and is a shrub, and the tavolga is a grassy plant.

Spirea is popular not only because of its decoration, but also because it blooms throughout the summer, being an ornament to any garden plot. In natural conditions, the plant can be found in mixed and coniferous forests, near water bodies and on slopes.

  • Habitat is considered to be Asia, including Korea and Japan, the Far East and Eastern Siberia.
  • The shape of the bush resembles a ball, foliage is thick and lush. The height rarely exceeds one meter, generally ranges from 50 to 60 cm.
  • The leaves are slightly elongated, elliptical, their length is about 5 cm. The color is dark - green. The first leaves appear in April, and turn yellow and fall off in the second half of October.
  • Shoots differ in a bent form, branched.
  • Flowers with a diameter of 9 - 10 mm, white, sometimes with a pinkish tinge, color. Gather in corymbose racemes. The active phase of flowering accounts for almost the entire summer season.
  • Flowering occurs only 3 - 4 years after planting, but maybe earlier.
  • The shrub is sufficiently resistant to diseases and pests.

Spiraea birchwood feels great both in hot weather and in frosty winters. Shelter for the winter period is not required, and the place for planting should be open, with wet and loamy soil.

Main varieties

The abundance of species of spirea birch leaves is unlikely to be found. But still there are several varieties that are planted most often and are very popular in almost all regions.

Beautiful and lush shrub. It often decorates garden and park alleys, attracting attention with its snow-white flowers.

  1. The diameter of the bush (both in width and in height) is one and a half meters. The shrub is distinguished by its density and a beautiful combination of white brushes and dark green foliage.
  2. In autumn leaves are painted in golden - orange color. And the more acidity in the ground, the brighter the autumn foliage.
  3. If a spot with an abundance of light and soil composition is suitable for spirea of ​​this variety, it may bloom a second time in the fall. But this bloom is no longer so lush and plentiful.
  4. The bush is resistant to frosty winters, and is also experiencing a dry summer.

The variety is planted most often, and is popular for its decorative and small size. Suitable for small areas. Looks great as a hedge, as well as on alpine hills and stone gardens.

  • The diameter and height of the spirea does not exceed 70 cm. The crown is also distinguished by its pomp and density.
  • Inflorescences are represented by tassels consisting of white flowers.
  • The foliage is colored in a juicy green shade in the summertime, and in the autumn months the bush of this variety changes its colors several times: from soft yellow to purple and purple. The shape of the leaf plates resembles birch leaves.
  • Flowering plants fall in the middle of July until the first half of August.

The bush of this variety of spirea birch-leaved is not high - it does not exceed 80 cm, but rather wide, it can reach one meter in diameter.

  • The variety begins to bloom from June and ends in the second half of August.
  • In the summertime, the leaves are of a saturated green color, and in the autumn period they are painted in bright colors — a reddish purple color gives an extraordinary decorative effect to the plant.
  • Spirea of ​​this variety is absolutely unpretentious to the place, although it is preferable to light the place, nor to the composition of the soil.
  • It is cultivated anywhere in the garden, some growers use it to decorate lawns and to create mixborders and rockeries.

Absolutely all varieties of spiraea birch leaves look great in all corners of the backyard area, including the recreation area, and just as a decoration along the garden paths.

Thanks to the density and splendor of the crown, as well as bright colors, the spirea will perfectly serve as a hedge, and in group plantings it always looks advantageous. It combines in planting with many garden flowers.

Choosing a place

Autumn is a good period to plant a birchwood spiraeus. In the spring, experts do not advise, because the root system is already well rooted and adaptable, and in the summer the bush may even bloom.

  1. The best time will be September, when the heat subsided, but still warm enough. The soil should be well hydrated, and choose a cloudy day and even with little precipitation.
  2. The soil must first be freed from weeds, loosened thoroughly.
  3. It is advised to add humus to the ground. Fertile and sour soil contributes to lush flowering.

Planting in open ground

It is best to purchase seedlings in containers with fertilizers. Then the young bush can be transplanted directly into the open ground with a clod of earth. This method is convenient in that the root system will not be injured.

  • First you need to dig a landing hole. The size should exceed the diameter of the root system of the seedling by about a third. A depth of half a meter will be enough.
  • Depending on how you plan to plant spirea seedlings, the distance between the holes can vary from 40 cm to one and a half meters.
  • In the case when the soil is very clayey, then the hole should be dug several times more than the root.
  • Be sure to the bottom of the pit falls drainage layer, which will pass the air and does not trap excess moisture. You can make it with the help of broken bricks, gravel, sand, peat, as well as sod or leaf earth.
  • When planting the roots of the seedling should be gently straightened, and then covered with earth, quite a little tamping.
  • The root system before planting must be well inspected and get rid of dry and broken processes.