Horse sorrel medicinal properties and contraindications root photo seeds herb for diarrhea tincture plant application
Latin name is Rumex confertus
Scientific name Horse sorrel
Another name is Sorrel thick, a horse.
Kazakh name. Atkunak.
Buckwheat family - Polygonaceae
The generic name Rumex is found as Pliny’s plant name. This word the Romans called one type of spear. The name was transferred to the plant because of the shape of the leaves, resembling a spear.
The species definition of confertus (tightly packed, clumped) is given due to small flowers gathered in a dense inflorescence.Horse sorrel
This grass is always in sight. In early spring, a little sun will evaporate the soil; among the young green of meadows and glades it is easy to find red, slightly crumpled leaves, gathered in a circle. Patches they seem on a light grid of cereals, growing stronger day by day. And when the living gems of bluebells, marianniks, and Veronique, are blooming, these burly leaves, already in full green, will grow to their greatest size. It was then and certainly notoriously plant-hero. Konyatnik, horse sorrel styled him for a long time people.
As the summer progresses, the carpenter will rise even higher due to the thick, hollow stalk. Short, plain sorry blooms, and now the stems are densely swept over by seeds. A broom looks like a broom in the thickets of forbs, with a stick standing in front. Sorrel seeds will turn red by July. This will wait out the rest of the summer and the whole autumn, up to the snow cover, the first hitchhike. It turns out that horse sorrel will never get lost in the grass stand, even in the thickest and most tall. ”
Horse sorrel perennial herbaceous plant of buckwheat family up to 1.5 m.
Rhizome thick, short. The root is underdeveloped, pivotal.
Stem erect, grooved, branched at the top.
The leaves are alternate, lower - oblong-triangular-ovate, blunt, 15-25 cm long, 6-12 cm wide, deeply heart-shaped at the base, slightly wavy along the edges, petioles on grooved top. Upper leaves are smaller. The base of petioles with sockets. Lower leaves are large, stem - small.
The flowers are small, inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, collected in narrow-leaved, cylindrical, dense racemose inflorescences.
The perianth is simple, with its outer leaflets smaller than the inner ones. The pedicels are articulated in the middle or somewhat lower, the perianth is greenish, of 6 leaves, 6–7 mm long, 6 stamens, the ovary is upper, single-cedar, columns 3, filiform, with racemes. Inner perianth lobes with fruits are rounded-ovate, usually one of them with large bile
The fruit is a triangular winged, light brown nutlet.
It blooms in May - June. It ripens in June - July.
Horse sorrel (Rumex confertus) - Euro-Asian appearance. Widespread in the European part of Russia, except for the northern regions. The northern boundary of the range goes from the coast of the Gulf of Finland (somewhat north of Leningrad) through Yaroslavl, Kirov, the upper reaches of the Vyatka and at 60 °. sh. crosses the Urals. Isolated locations are found in the western and southeastern parts of the Kola Peninsula, on the Onega Peninsula, and in the lower reaches of the Northern Dvina. In Western Siberia, the boundary falls below 60 ° C. sh. and only along the Ob valley rises to this latitude.
Sorrel in the domestic flora - 49 species, and in Kazakhstan - 23 species. Together with horse sorrel, species close to it often grow, which are used only in traditional medicine - water sorrel and curly sorrel. Water sorrel - R. aquaticus L. differs from horse sorrel in the shape of leaves and in the absence of gall on the outer segments of the perianth. Distributed more widely than horse sorrel, grows in the European part of Russia, Western and Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Curly Sorrel — R. crispus L. is distinguished by leaves wavy along the edge, tapered to the base. It grows in the European part of Russia (except the most northern regions), in Central Asia and the Far East, rarely found in Siberia.
In medicine, use rhizomes with horse sorrel roots.
Cultivation techniques. In culture, he showed himself as an undemanding plant. In the year of sowing the plants form a powerful outlet with a large root neck. Renewal buds tolerate winter well and start to grow in early spring. In the second year of life, sorrel goes through all phases of development, blooms at the end of June, July, reaches a height of 143 cm and gives a relatively high yield of green mass - up to 112 centners / ha,
Propagated by seeds and vegetatively, one plant brings up to 2500-4000 fruits with membranous perianth, which are transferred by water over considerable distances. Seed germination of 80 —100% (8). The average weight of the "root" reaches 0.3-0.5 kg.
Horse sorrel can easily be introduced into the crop. Its seeds germinate better at shallow (1–2 cm) embedding, the plant develops well in open, lighted areas, blooms in the third year. The average weight of the rhizomes at the time of the first flowering reaches about 185.8 g, the yield is up to 3.19 t / ha.
Contains organic acids, essential oil, vitamins C, B1, AT2, E, K, PP, carotene, tannins (8-30%), anthraquinones.
Carbohydrates, organic acids, essential oil (0.2%), saponins, alkaloids, vitamin K, phenol carboxylic acids, catechins, tannins (4.6–16.9%), anthocyanins (5%) were found in the roots and rhizomes, leucoanthocyanins, anthraquinones (0.86–3.16%).
Caffeic acid, flavonoids (8.15%), including rutin (1.4%), anthraquinones were found in the aerial parts. In the stems there are tannins (1.5%), in the leaves — calcium oxalate (5%), nitrogen-containing substances, including proteins (12.7%), fats (2%), cellulose (27%), iron ( 0.2%), vitamins C, K, PP, carotene, tannins (2-7%), rutin. The flowers contain tannins (8.25%), vitamin C, rutin (2.5%), fruits - calcium oxalate (1.2%), essential oil (0.05%), vitamins C, K, carotene , anthracenes, catechins, tannins (6-7.36%), flavonoids (1.6%), anthraquinones (1.08-1.22%).
The roots contain up to 4% of anthraquinone derivatives (chrysophane acid, emodin), as well as tannins (8-15%), caffeic acid, calcium oxalate, vitamin K, rutin, essential oil, gums, iron compounds.
All parts of the plant contain a large amount of calcium oxalate.
From the extract of roots and rhizomes, black and yellow dyes for fabrics are obtained, which, after an iron stain, gives a pleasant black color. Rhizome is used for tanning leather. A decoction of the fruit is effective for the treatment of diarrhea in calves and piglets. They are fed cattle, sheep, horses, rabbits and poultry. Fruits are good food for poultry.
With the exception of sorrel sorrel, a popular wild-growing and garden vegetable, all other members of the genus Rumex are not only not very edible for humans, but are often not suitable even for animal feed. Apparently, the main reason lies in strong tanning agents, which scare animals away from rich green bushes. Only pigs feed on mighty grass, they eat both Alpine, and sour, and tupolistny, and curly sorrel - the stomach sow where as unintelligible in food.
Almost do not eat horse horse sorrel, and the nickname of the grass hints at something completely different. The word "horse" in common parlance defines its tallness.
In veterinary medicine, fruits and roots are prescribed for diarrhea in calves, for the treatment of scabies and other skin diseases.
Horse sorrel is used in gardening, used against aphids, ticks, cruciferous bugs. 300 g of finely chopped roots, harvested in the fall, pour 10 liters of warm water, insist 2-3 hours, filter, then sprayed trees and shrubs.
Fresh young leaves and shoots are edible. Of them prepare salads, cabbage soup. A mixture of flowers and young fruits, collected by scrubbing the tops of plants, served as a food surrogate in the years of famine, making flour from it, which was added to the cereal to bake bread and flat cakes.
Collection and processing of medicinal raw materials
Medicinal raw materials are rhizomes, roots and fruits.
Leaves collected in May - June.
Fruits are harvested by hand and air dried.
Roots - His rhizomes with roots are dug out with shovels in the fall (September - October), after the death of the above-ground mass, they are cleared of adhering earth, they are cut off the stems and immediately washed in cold water. Thick rhizomes cut lengthwise. When harvesting raw materials, one should dig out the rhizomes of larger, more productive specimens, leaving the young plants to restore the thickets. Rhizomes can be harvested in the same place no more than in 3-5 years. It is best to harvest the raw materials of sorrel where they clean the grassland from this plant.
Drying. The collected raw materials are dried in attics under an iron roof or under sheds with good ventilation or in dryers at a temperature of 50-60 °, spread out in a thin layer (3-5 cm) and periodically turning it over. Dry the roots to brittleness.
The raw material consists of dry whole or cut along longitudinal wrinkles with roots at least 3 cm long and 2-10 cm thick, brown on the outside, yellow-orange inside.
The smell is weak. The taste is bitter, tart. In the raw materials allowed: rhizomes with remnants of the stems - no more than 5%, crushed parts - no more than 2%, organic impurities - no more than 1%, mineral - no more than 0.5%.
Recipes for various diseases
Collection 1. Pour 2 tablespoons of sorrel roots of horse horse 0.5 liters of boiling water and cook in a water bath for 30 minutes. In small doses, this agent has an astringent effect, and in large doses it is a laxative that acts 10–12 hours after administration. When constipation drink 1 glass at night. A lower dose will not work.
Colitis, diarrhea, haemorrhoids
Collection 1. Pour 2 tablespoons of crushed horse sorrel roots with 1 cup boiling water, heat under a lid for 30 minutes, leave for 15 minutes, drain. Take 0.3 cup 2-3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Collection 1. Pour 10 g of horse sorrel roots with 1 cup boiling water and boil. Pour 40 g of seed alder with 1 cup boiling water, insist. Mix the infusion and decoction and use for inhalation or rinse.
Functional diarrhea (diarrhea)
Collection 1. Horse sorrel root - 1 part, snake mountaineer rhizome - 1 part. 2 teaspoons of the mixture is poured overnight in a thermos with 1 cup of boiling water. Filter out. Accept on 1 /3— 1 /4 glass 3-4 times daily before meals.
Sorrel preparations are contraindicated for kidney disease and pregnancy.
The use of a large amount of sorrel causes poisoning, which is associated with the content of large amounts of oxalate calcium in it. The best treatment for poisoning with horse sorrel is milk with chalk. .
Horse sorrel is a representative of perennial herbaceous plants. Sometimes its height can reach 140 cm. This weedy plant of the buckwheat family (Polygonaceae) is endowed with a thick and branched rhizome, as well as a huge root that penetrates deep into the ground. The plant has an erect single stem that is bare throughout its length, excluding only the branchy part at the top.
Weed leaves are quite large, successive. The lower ones are heart-shaped and long-petiolate. In the upper, short-petiolate, another form is ovate-lanceolate. The flowers of the plant are small, greenish, bisexual. They make up inflorescences - thin, fairly high in length and panicle-like. The flowering of horse sorrel is observed in June-July. However, there are cases of secondary flowering, which is recorded in August or even September.
Fruits ripen also in June-July. In appearance, they are small light brown triangular nuts. Plant propagation methods are vegetative (by dividing the rhizomes) and using seeds.
Most often, contamination of horse sorrel occurs when growing perennial fodder crops. The plant prefers moist and moderately wet soils. It develops well near rivers in the presence of a small layer of silt. Substantial siltation and short-term flooding also tolerates normal, but does not withstand waterlogging. That is why this weed plant does not grow in lowland flood plains.
Horse sorrel is a typical meadow weed. Forest edges and meadows, vegetable gardens and fields, roadsides, ditches and ravines, banks of rivers and lakes - these are the places where the plant is usually found. It can grow in single copy or in small groups. In rare cases, there are fairly large thickets, whose area can reach several hectares. Weed difficult to graze and occasional mowing.
Horse sorrel: harm
Despite the fact that in the period of haymaking, the proportion of this weed is significantly reduced, even its small impurities spoil the feed. This is explained by the fact that the stems of this grass are rather fleshy and cannot be dried in rolls. After the hay is collected in the stacks and stacked, the sorrel stalks remain wet. This leads to the formation of mold and mustiness. In addition, the feed is self-heating. When mowing hay, in which there is horse sorrel, knives are significantly blunted in mowers.
Horse sorrel, like other weeds:
- creates shade for cultivated crops,
- has a negative impact on the growth of seedlings and their development,
- reduces the amount of nutrients in the soil,
- reduces the efficiency of irrigation and fertilization,
- litters the soil and planting material.
How to get rid of horse sorrel?
The fight against horse sorrel must begin in early spring. If there are single bushes, they can be removed manually. To do this, dig them with a shovel along with the root. If the weed spread in the garden slightly, then during germination from the ground shoots need to fall asleep with quicklime. This procedure can be performed only if there is at least two months left before planting crops.
Fighting this weed can take a long time. One of the effective ways to bring horse sorrel is to carefully trim or mow its stems during the period when the ejection of flowers has not yet begun. If the area is too clogged, you can turn it into a pasture for some time, because sorrel does not tolerate trampling. Meadow farmers recommended a biological method of control, using the oxalate leaf beetle. This insect quickly eats the fleshy leaves of a weed plant and leaves only part of the vein grids.
With the full overgrowing of the garden with weeds, the question arises, how to deal with horse sorrel on the site with the help of chemicals? Radical destruction of this weed is best done in the fall, because after using herbicides, it is impossible to plant cultivated plants for six months.
Commonly used drugs such as Hurricane, Tornado or Glyphosate. They destroy both dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous weeds. Therefore, after their application, not only horse sorrel, but also other weeds will disappear. All preparations contain an active substance called glymesan trimesium.
Processing should be carried out after harvesting and cleaning the area from plant residues. The person performing the procedure should take care of the protection from the negative effects of the preparation used. Therefore, the work must be done in a respirator, special clothing and gloves. When preparing the solution, you must clearly follow the instructions attached to the preparation.
How to get rid of horse sorrel in the garden folk methods?
You can fight horse sorrel with the help of effective folk methods:
- In the autumn, you need to sprinkle the soil with salt. After the rain falls, it will be absorbed into the ground and prevent weed germination. The disadvantage of this method is that for a long time it will not be possible to grow vegetables on the site treated with salt.
- Watering the beds after harvesting concentrated soda solution. Some recommend watering the solution directly on a growing weed.
- Spraying horse sorrel with acetic acid. Soon after this treatment, the weed will dry.
In order not to think about how to bring horse sorrel from the garden, there are methods that prevent its occurrence. If this weed is still growing in the garden, then this means that the soil in the area is acidic. Liming is used to neutralize the acidic reaction. It should be applied once every 3-4 years. Otherwise horse sorrel will litter the garden every year.
In order to prevent the appearance of sorrel in the fall, it is necessary to clean the soil from the remnants of vegetation. Garbage must be removed not only in the beds, but also between the rows, in the grooves and on the paths. After autumn, the seeds of horse sorrel and some other weeds ripen. And if, after ripening, they dissipate, then next year the “harvest” of weeds will be very rich.
The benefits of horse sorrel
This plant is considered a medicinal herb. For the preparation of healing tools used almost all parts of the plant. Its roots contain derivatives of anthraquinone. In addition, the roots are rich in tannins, vitamin K, flavonoids, resins, organic acids, iron and essential oil.
В плодах растения также выявлено содержание производных антрахинона и дубильных веществ, а его листья богаты рутином, флавоноидами, каротином, гиперозидом и аскорбиновой кислотой. Последняя содержится также в цветках растения.
Все части конского щавеля содержат оксалат кальция. Благодаря составу этого растения, можно говорить о том, что оно обладает вяжущим, антибактериальным, и кровоостанавливающим свойствами.
Где применяется конский щавель?
Это растение в медицине служит сырьём для приготовления различных порошков и отваров. Народные целители утверждают, что корень щавеля является эффективным слабительным.
It is used as a hemostatic, astringent, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent. In addition, it is effectively used in the case of the fight against worms. Fresh leaves promote wound healing, help to eliminate abscesses. The fruits have anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and astringent effects.
A small dose of powder prepared on the basis of horse sorrel, has a fixing effect, and in the case of increasing the dose - laxative. These powders have a positive effect on the body of people suffering from anemia, normalize the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. The tool is also recommended in the treatment of diseases of the gallbladder. Broths and infusions of the plant are effective in the treatment of enterocolitis and colitis.
Healing preparations made on the basis of horse sorrel, help in the treatment of chronic hemorrhoids and bleeding - hemorrhoidal, uterine or pulmonary. Drugs of horse sorrel are often prescribed for kidney disease. However, in order not to harm their own health, the reception of any means should always be coordinated with the doctor.
The healing properties of horse sorrel are widely used in gynecological practice. Preparations from the horse sorrel roots are prescribed for hyperpolymenorrhea, colitis, inflammatory diseases of the vagina, for belium, etc. A decoction of horse sorrel fruits is used as a styptic. Horse sorrel is a part of the collection for the preparation of a mixture according to M.N. Zdrenko, dietary supplements (bodiprost).
A large perennial herb with a thick rhizome. It is characterized by light green, greyish ovate-triangular basal leaves with a weakly heart-shaped base up to 20 cm in length and 10 cm in width. This is the only kind of sorrel with pubescent leaves in Central Russia (the lower surface of the leaves along the veins is short but densely pubescent). The flowers are small, actinomorphic (regular) green, inconspicuous, bisexual, gathered in thick paniculata-pyramidal inflorescences. Perianth segments (2-3 mm in length), triangular-ovate in shape, with teeth at base and reddish bile. The fruit is a triangular nutlet. It blooms in May and June. Fruits in July and October.
Preparation of raw materials
For medicinal purposes, use rhizomes with horse sorrel roots. Underground organs are harvested in the fall, after the aerial part of the plant dies off, or in spring before the beginning of the growing season (April – May). The excavated rhizomes are cleared of earth, the aerial part is removed, and quickly washed with cold water. Then it is dried in the sun, crushed, cutting thick roots along and dried in rooms with good ventilation.
Preparations of horse sorrel roots exhibit an anchoring and astringent effect. This is due to the content of tannins (tannins) that cause the coagulation of proteins, which contributes to the formation of a protective film on the surface of the intestinal mucosa. As a result, there is a decrease in the secretory activity of the mucous membrane, inhibition of the processes of extravasation, and an increase in the protection of the intestinal walls against irritating substances. A similar mechanism of therapeutic action is manifested in the local application of sorrel preparations for burns and ulcers. In large doses, preparations from the roots of sorrel exhibit laxative properties due to the content of anthraquinone compounds in the raw materials. Anthraquinones stimulate the peristalsis of the muscles of the large intestine, contribute to the softening of fecal masses. Since the laxative effect develops slowly (after 8 - 12 hours), sorrel preparations are consumed at night.
The complex of biologically active substances of the roots of sorrel provides choleretic, antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects. The basis of the hepatoprotective action are the antioxidant and membrane stabilizing properties of leucoanthocyanidins and catechins. In addition, preparations of leucoanthocyanidins and catechins of horse sorrel roots exhibit antitumor activity.
The undesirable side effect of sorrel products is mainly due to the ability of a plant of this kind to accumulate oxalic acid. Therefore, prolonged use of drugs is not recommended for gout, susceptibility to renal stone disease and impaired salt metabolism. Their use is contraindicated in patients with oxalate stones in the urinary tract.
Horse sorrel has long been used in medicine. Its medicinal properties were known in ancient Greece and Rome. Dioscorides, Theophrastus and Hippocrates indicated a pleasant taste and a good laxative effect of the roots of the plant. Arabic scientist Avicenna also used roots for ulcers and catarrh in the intestines. Oriental medicine recommended sorrel as an effective remedy for jaundice, to improve the performance of the digestive tract and for poor appetite. Roots cooked in vinegar were considered beneficial for the spleen. In medieval German medicine, a decoction of sorrel roots treated the irritation of the larynx and upper respiratory tract, was used as a laxative and antiseptic, and externally used fresh juice for joint inflammation. In European countries, tinctures of horse sorrel were treated with scurvy and ulcers on the skin, colitis, hemorrhoids. Different types of sorrel were widely used in folk medicine in many countries. For example, the sorrel curly Rumex crispus L. was widely used by the Indian tribes of North America. Porridge and other dishes were prepared from the seeds and leaves of this plant, and used as a medicine for bruises, hematomas, burns, skin diseases, and venereal diseases. In Central America, Indians used the roots of the North American sorrel Rumex hymenosepalus Torr. as an astringent and hemostatic agent for the treatment of angina and prevention of diarrhea, as well as externally for skin irritations. African tribes used different types of sorrel for the treatment of anthrax and headaches.
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Characteristics and composition of the plant
Horse sorrel in the people is known by different names: horse oxflower, hernia nadzhnevka, horse breech, frog's foot. You can meet him almost everywhere: on the banks of reservoirs, on fields, in ravines and even on the roadsides. Housewives know, once planted this plant in the garden, the crop can be harvested for many years in a row and in large quantities. But to withdraw it if you wish, it will not be so easy.
This grass with a straight stem, wavy leaves and flowers, panicles can be quite high - up to 50 cm. The root of the plant is strong, it sits deep in the soil, which ensures its longevity.
Each part of the plant has its own healing composition. So the sorrel root is rich in resins, essential oils, flavonoids and organic acids. The leaves of the plant are rich in vitamins, rutin and carotene. All parts of the plant are calcium and iron.
Council When the leaves are very young, they are especially useful, because they contain acids: malic and citric.
Healing properties: traditional and traditional medicine
The rich composition of sorrel horse allows it to be truly beneficial to the human body.
- Colds. It has antiseptic, antibacterial properties and invaluable vitamin C, which helps to cope with the common cold, flu. Effectively fights cough.
- Nervous system. It helps to relax and calm down with a strong neurosis.
- As an antiseptic it helps to heal wounds and skin diseases: scabies, ulcers, boils, herpes, allergic rashes.
- Constipation and diarrhea. Small doses of sorrel help stop diarrhea. Large - on the contrary, stimulate problematic defecation.
- "Drives" bile and stimulates the liver.
Traditional medicine has long adopted the useful properties of sorrel. A liquid extract is made from it, which helps to overcome the hypertensive crisis. Ointment with sorrel is prescribed for skin problems. But the drugs from the root of the plant help with inflammation of the nasopharynx and problems with the respiratory tract.
Traditional medicine offers decoctions, chyme, dry powders of sorrel. Their recipes are simple and accessible to everyone.
Horse sorrel recipes
- Decoction against allergies. This remedy helps to eliminate the rash and itching from allergies. To do this, take 1 tbsp. l dried leaves of horse sorrel, pour boiling water over them (2 cups) and put on fire. The broth should boil for 10 minutes, after which it is removed from the heat and insist for 1 hour. It is necessary to drink it before eating 70 ml.
- Ointment for healthy skin. With this tool they treat scabies. For this you need to dry in advance the root of sorrel and grind it into a fine homogeneous powder. This powder is mixed with petroleum jelly and applied to areas of the itch rash. Also ointment treats boils and ulcers on the skin.
- Tincture from arthritis. For its preparation you need 2 fresh roots, which are cleaned, cut into small pieces and infused for 1 liter of vodka. After 20 days, you can rub the sore spots.
Harm and contraindications
No matter how useful sorrel may be, it’s impossible to overdo it. Especially careful to be those who suffer from gout or have a history of kidney disease. In no case can not eat sorrel pregnant. Because of its acid, you should not use this herb to those who suffer from stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers.
Whatever the medicinal plant is not discussed, you need to remember: everything is good in moderation. Even a useful sorrel is better to drink with fermented milk products, so as not to damage the body.