If on beds and in a bed with annoying weeds can be fought with vinegar and other heavy "artillery", then on lawns balding spots after treatment will look even worse. Green areas can be kept clean by permanently uprooting unnecessary vegetation and fertilizing the soil, or by sowing lawn grass that destroys weeds. Is there really such a rumor? The better to sow the lawn and how to do it right? We found answers to these questions from specialists.
Is there a grass that destroys weeds on the lawn: dispelling myths
It would not be desirable to believe in the existence of miracle grass, which suppresses other vegetation on the site, but practitioners claim that creating an ideal lawn in such a way is unrealistic. In fact, agronomists emit a certain group of grass plants with a strong root system, which other cultures are unable to break through. But this is possible only in the second year after sowing, when the seedlings will get stronger. Until that moment, there is still the need to remove the weed "conquerors" and ensure that no seed is formed on them. With the growth of lawn grass sprouts for various reasons, it is possible to thin the crops, which again will lead to the emergence of weeds. Therefore, the key to always green and clean lawn is a constant cleaning, dense planting, proper grass care and an impressive layer of sod. Important!So that weeds do not grow in the garden and in the compound, in the autumn it is important to dig up the soil and carefully collect the remaining roots, tops and seed pods.
What to do?
In order to help lawn grass to strengthen, it is necessary to make an effort. It is important during this period to take care of the condition of the soil, timely feeding and removal of weeds that have appeared. Let us examine in turn how to act correctly in this direction.
Important!To enhance the result of all spring activities in the fall, be sure to treat the soil with a solution of potash or table salt. Alternatively, you can prepare a mixture of ammonium nitrate.
Sowing grass for lawns that displace weeds should be done on plowed land. When exactly to carry out this procedure, the beliefs of experts diverged. Some believe that turning the soil increases its aeration, and in the winter it cleans up from infectious pathogens and harmful insects. In addition, the absorption of fertilizer is improved. Others agree with the first, but warn about the dangers of digging in hot weather, because the weed grains, raised from the depths, are already saturated with moisture and begin to germinate faster in the sun, drawing the whole area. Obviously, it is better to be engaged in preparing the ground for the lawn in the autumn because in the case of the spring option, a week later it will be necessary to wield a hoe in the garden On the dug beds carefully walk a rake, thus choosing all the rhizomes. On the running zones will need two digging.
In early spring, without fail, clean the area from any excess vegetation that has appeared. You will be interested to know how to choose the right tool for weeding. And do not forget that the source of seed stocks of weed crops is manure, which we bring as fertilizer in the fall, and neighboring sites, including roadsides, “no man’s” areas near fences, under trees and the like. Do not allow meter giants to stretch out in these zones, because their seeds will sooner or later end up in your yard. Pay special attention to perennials. After a long rain, they must be pulled out along with the roots. One weeding is not enough. Until lawn grass sprouts grow, it is necessary to regularly remove unnecessary crops from the site. Moreover, it is desirable to do this carefully so as not to thin out the sowing. Torn tops do not leave on the field, collect it in a bucket, and then dry and burn.
Did you know?Weeds are activated in the first two weeks of May and in the middle of July.
Agrochemists recommend that when laying a lawn be sure to treat the soil with chemical means from weeds. Especially this procedure is advisable in areas overgrown with wheatgrass, birch, sow thistle and other aggressive crops. The method of etching them is effective because it destroys not only the aboveground part of the plants, but also the root system. In addition, herbicidal preparations disinfect the substrate from pathogens of fungal and bacterial diseases, as well as insects. Experts say the disadvantage of chemical application is their long-term presence in the soil and the negative impact on floral, vegetable and ornamental crops. On this basis, chemistry should be resorted to only in some cases when other methods of weed control are powerless. Apply herbicides should be selective effects, spraying them in clear dry weather in heavily littered areas. Failure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use of the manufacturer’s recommendations is fraught with damage to herbal crops. Therefore, it is important to calculate the appropriate dosage.
Did you know?To remove moss, a mixture of river sand with urea and copper sulfate is used in the ratio 5: 1: 1. Mokritsu removed mixed in lime ash.
Top dressing lawn
The amount of dressing needed by the lawn differs significantly from one source to another. Some experts believe that the procedure should be repeated after each mowing the grass, that is, every seven days. Others argue that one-time fertilizer is sufficient per season. Practitioners advise grass plants to heal from May to August with an interval of three weeks. And in the fall it is necessary to fertilize a lawn no more than once a month.
The amount of feedings is also influenced by the composition of the substrate. On loams, agronomists recommend to apply fertilizer less frequently, and on sandy loam - more often. The main indicator of the need to feed in all cases is the state of the grass. Nutrients are best brought in wet weather, but on dry plants. At the beginning of the growing season, herbs need nitrogen-containing complex fertilizers. An alternative option may be nitroammophoska and some floral dressings, with the exception of coniferous crops, azaleas, and other flowers grown in an acidic substrate. Urea and carbamide are also recommended. Starting from August and in the autumn, the lawn is fertilized with superphosphate or potassium sulfate or with the mineral complexes marked “autumn”. It is possible to carry out top dressing by watering or scattering granulated fertilizers on the lawn.
Important!After nitrogen-containing fertilizing, the lawn needs to be watered so that the substance does not provoke burns on the foliage, dissolves quickly and reaches the root zone.
Lawn mowing is better to plan when wet soil and dry grass. The stalks should be at least 10 cm. Do not worry that in the process of work, trample the plants. This will benefit them, the shoots will become more dense and bushy. Before working, make sure that the blades are sharp and set to the maximum level, as only the tops need to be removed. Cutting the grass too low, you risk getting a dried stubble. Subsequent procedures in humid and warm weather are recommended to be carried out in a week, and in drought - in two. Make sure that each haircut is on the same level. Organize the last mowing of the site before the frost, because too high sprouts will not survive the cold. In addition, this process should not occur with a strong wind - the injured tips of blades of grass will affect the future state of the lawn.
Often, during the haircuts, summer residents face a number of problems: either the grass is cut barely on the bumps, then it turns brown after the haircut, or in general, ribbed stripes appear on the lawn. To avoid these unpleasant consequences, first learn how to use a mower. Then check the height set on both sides of the mower drum (it should be the same). Learn more about how to choose a lawnmower and a gasoline trimmer to give. Collect stones, sticks, walk the lawn with a rake and level the hills of the earth. In the process of work, do not press the handle and do not pull the mower in different directions. Existing hummocks in advance sprinkle mulch. And so that the lawn after mowing would be uniform and smooth, change the direction of the strips with each cutting to perpendicular.
Important!After mowing, the lawn will turn brown if the mower has blunt knives. Experts believe that the cut grass must be removed from the lawn, even though it may serve as fertilizer for growing stalks. The fact is that wilted shoots provoke the emergence of weeds, earthworms, which will lead to porosity of the surface and diseases of grass crops. In addition, soil aeration will decrease. Make sure that the haircut is systematic, only then you will be able to achieve the formation of a dense turf, through which weeds cannot make their way.
List and description of popular herbicides
Experts regard the appearance of weeds on the lawn as evidence of a poorly prepared plot, an illiterate selection of lawn mixture and the absence of care. It is in such cases that it is advised to resort to the treatment of undesirable vegetation with herbicides. For use in Ukraine, many of them are registered. The following preparations are popular with gardeners:
- "Glyph" ("Glyphos") is an aqueous solution of isopropylamine salt. Effective in the fight against cereal, dicotyledonous and perennial weed crops.
- Ground (Roundup, Roundup Bio) is the main ingredient: isopropylamine salt. It is used for breeding malicious perennials such as wheatgrass, field bindweed, as well as weeds that develop in areas not intended for sowing vegetable and flower crops.
- "Lazurite" is available in the form of a wettable powder. Allowed for use on potato beds.
- “Lontrel - 300D” is an aqueous solution widely used for treating strawberry plots (after harvesting berries) from dandelions, thistles, chamomile, mountaineer and sorrel.
- "Propolol" is a water-soluble granules. Used to fight annuals and perennials on lawn grass.
- "Sniper" - on sale you can find an aqueous solution with potassium salt. Specializes in the destruction of vegetative weed annuals and perennial cereal and dicotyledonous plants on lawns. When working with the drug, be sure to protect flowering and ornamental crops.
- A tornado is an aqueous solution with isopropylamine salt. He is advised to eliminate dicotyledonous and cereal weeds. From the height of the excess vegetation depends on the concentration of funds.
- "Hurricane Forte" is an aqueous solution with potassium salt. Intended for processing areas planned for planting ornamental and flower plants. And also for the removal of annual and perennial dioecious and cereal representatives of weeds.
Having dealt with the subtleties of lawn care, find out what lawn grass still displaces weeds. According to agronomists, mixtures are better suited to the lawn, that is, several types of grassy plants that are perfectly combined with each other. The most common compositions are made of red fescue, thin bent field and meadow meadow. Among the purchased assortment, “Blooming City”, “Canada Green”, “Children's Lawn”, “Oriental Ornament”, “Exclusive”, as well as shade-tolerant “Ornament”, “Dwarf”, “Shadow”, “Liliput” deserve attention.
Grass, which are not afraid of weeds
A lawn is a mixture of low-growing herbs that form dense root weaves called sod. It is difficult to break through it through the weeds in the soil, and their seeds, brought from the outside, will not be able to get into the ground and sprout. Therefore, this method of weed control is the most effective. In addition, the lawn with a trimmed lawn in the summer cottage looks expensive, beautiful and aristocratic. Such landscape design will attract the attention of guests and neighbors, improve the site, and the owners will be happy to be able to lie in the lush grass or play outdoor games with children.
Grass varieties that destroy weeds
There are several varieties of lawn grass, which displaces weeds and grows slowly:
- bent shooter. It is a low-growing grass plant, growing in the wild in the South and East of Russia. It has a bright green color and juicy greens, its shoots are able to root, thereby forming a dense carpet at the place of sowing. It is frost-resistant, displaces weeds. Very afraid of dryness, therefore, in hot weather requires constant watering,
- fescue red. The same lawn grass that destroys weeds and grows slowly is a godsend for gardeners in all respects. Low-growing grass with low grass, unpretentious to the conditions of life. Able to actively germinate even in the most meager soils, tolerates trampling and mowing too low, frost-resistant. It feels great in darkening or in dry weather. In the first year it grows slowly, but in subsequent years the number of bushes on the site is actively increasing. It looks beautiful and aesthetically pleasing as a lawn, covering the surface of the soil with a smooth carpet,
A set of additional measures
Lawn grasses are not able to destroy the weeds on their own, they only squeeze them out. What is more, this happens only when the plants become mature, and their root system is dense and sod. It is important to understand that a lawn without weeds is not formed by itself, it needs human help.
Soil preparation process
The very first aid in the destruction of weeds is to prepare the soil before planting. It should start in early spring. It is much easier to get rid of weeds in the spring, because they do not spread seeds.
To begin with, you should mark the territory of the proposed lawn lawn, determine its boundaries, engage in the removal of garbage.
Next, carefully dig up the soil, removing the roots of weeds and dry grass. In this case, it is best to use forks in order not to cut the existing roots of weeds in the soil.
After two or three weeks on the ground should grow weeds. They should be exterminated using a solution of herbicide.
Important! The site is treated with a herbicide only in dry sunny weather, otherwise the maximum possible effect will not be.
Yellowed weeds should be removed. The ground is carefully leveled using a roller, pipe or board, tamping it down. After a week you can sow the lawn.
Additional Information. For a while, until the earth settles, the plot is covered with a geopolitne, which does not allow the entry of weed seeds into the soil. This coating can be replaced with polyethylene, reinforcing it along the edges
First you need to decide on the composition of the soil. If the earth is acidic, then chalk or lime is added. Heavy clay soils must be diluted with humus.
Next, fertilize the soil. In the spring they make nitrogen fertilizers, and in the fall - phosphate and potash fertilizers. Fertilize should be in cloudy weather before rain, so that fertilizer fell into the soil. If the rain is not scheduled, then the lawn can be watered abundantly.
In the first years after planting a lawn that displaces weeds, it is necessary to fertilize plants 6 times a year. Until the beginning of August, nitrogen fertilizers are applied 3 times. This is done after every second mowing in the proportion of approximately 30 grams of fertilizer per 1 sq. M. Thanks to constant feeding and mowing, you can get a beautiful grass lawn, pleasing the eye with its appearance.
In August, you should begin to prepare the lawn for overwintering. Therefore, fertilizers must contain the minimum amount of nitrogen and are maximally enriched in phosphorus and potassium. Fertilizing should also be done two or three times before frost starts.
Important! Potassium salt, which is often used by summer residents to feed the lawn with potassium, is poorly soluble, therefore it is best to feed plants with liquid potash fertilizer.
For summer residents and busy people, there are fertilizers that are applied only once a year in the spring, while supplying the lawn with everything necessary for 4 months. Here are some popular titles:
- Robin Green. Slow fertilizer,
Periodic lawn mowing
Constantly mowed the lawn, not only for aesthetic reasons. Trimmed grass begins to let new side shoots, bush and thicken, which makes the lawn more juicy and green. In addition, weeds, trying to survive through the grass, do not like constant haircuts, so they will die.
On the plot, the lawn can be cut to a height of 4-7 centimeters. If the haircut is too short and inconsistent, the lawn can become overgrown with weeds and moss.
Important! In hot, dry weather, lawn is best to cut higher to protect plants from drying out.
How often do they mow the lawn?
- in the spring - 2 times a week,
- летом — 1 раз в 7-10 дней,
- осенью — 1 раз в две недели.
- стричь траву следует рано утром или вечером. Лучше всего, чтобы стояла облачная погода без дождя,
- главное правило для инструмента — остро наточенные ножи, которые будут скашивать траву, а не сминать,
- нельзя стричь в дождь,
- in places difficult for lawnmowers, the grass is cut with scissors,
- if the lawn has not been cut for a long time, it should be shortened to the desired length in several stages. In one hairstyle, you can remove only a third of the length of the grown grass.
When and how to sow grass
After the lawn area has undergone a long preparation, it has been treated from weeds, it has been dug up and tamped with a roller or board, you should wait a week to land the ground.
How to sow grass
Planting should be done in clear sunny weather, moistening the ground with a garden sprayer.
First, the seeds are thoroughly mixed in the package, and the surface of the earth is loosened with fan forks. After proceed directly to the crop.
It should be remembered that the optimal consumption of planting material is 50-60 grams per square meter. If planted too seldom, then bald spots are formed on the lawn overgrown with weeds.
Shoots appear at 7-20 days after sowing. In the absence of rain should be watered daily, using a watering can with small holes or a special spray bottle that forms small drops.
The first haircut should be carried out when the growth of young grass will be about 10 centimeters in height. It is important to remember that in the first two years we should regularly weed the lawn, as the young grass is not able to push the weeds on its own.
Important! If you planted a fringe, it can’t be trampled in the first year, otherwise it will die.
In the spring you should carefully inspect the lawn, fertilize, and the resulting bald spots to sow again with new seeds. Only with good care can the lawn withstand the war against weeds, which will be supplanted by grass and its roots.
Grass for lawn, crowding out the weeds is a find for owners of private plots who do not have a lot of free time. For the health of lawn plants, it is important not to forget about cutting and watering them in dry weather. The turf formed by a lawn, will be engaged in replacement of undesirable green tenants, thereby facilitating work of the owners.