When the garden area occupies a large part of the garden plot, it is very difficult to spud potatoes by hand. For such cases, there is a technology of hilling potatoes with a walk-behind tractor. When hilling potatoes with a cultivator, time is saved and the process itself is much easier. Loosening the soil at the time of cultivation is of considerable agrotechnical significance during the period of growth of this plant. At the time of disking the surface layer of the soil, it becomes like air, increasing in volume, thereby creating conditions for the growth of shoots and tubers.
Advantages and disadvantages
Due to hilling, these plants are protected from disease and temperature changes, as well as the removal of weeds.
When processing a cultivator, you can still highlight such advantages:
- Minimum effort.
- High productivity in comparison with manual hilling.
- The creation of deep furrows and collapsing stems, which has a positive effect on the harvest.
- Optimum aeration of the soil with an excess of moisture due to the creation of loose structure.
- Maintain the required temperature in the ground.
Among the shortcomings, it is possible to single out only the fact that you need to spend money on any walk-behind tractor, unlike a simple chopper.
You can find out more about why hilling potatoes are needed and why the potato yield significantly increases after it, you can find out here.
Tips for choosing
When choosing a unit for work on a land plot, in particular for hilling, one must take into account several factors:
- The density of earth on the surface. If there is a soil with loam, there are many lumps in it, then you need to choose your choice on a heavier aggregate.
- Length of potato ridges. The less turns you have to do when hilling, the easier it is to steer the walker.
- Land area. If the ridge for potatoes is small, about 2-3 acres, then, of course, there is no need to spend money on an expensive cultivator.
And vice versa, in case of a large garden plot, in order to avoid overheating of the device, it is preferable to buy a powerful one, over 5 liters. s.– unit.
There are several types of tools for hilling. Learn more about how to choose a tool for hilling, you can find here.
Will the "Neva"?
Among gardeners and gardeners, Neva cultivators are very popular.. With their help, you can handle different soils with high productivity and at a qualitative level. This is evidenced by the technical characteristics of the tiller, as well as user reviews. The units are equipped with reliable imported Subaru, Honda or Briggs engines with high efficiency and increased resource.
Simple controls make it easy to switch speeds, depending on the job you want. There is a motoblock and reverse gear, which greatly facilitates the work with him. The weight of the unit is about 90 kg, which is especially valuable when working on heavy soils. There is a convenient steering, which is adjustable depending on the needs of the owner.
Suppose that you bought the device from this manufacturer. We will tell further how to pile up potatoes with the help of the Neva device or any other motoblock.
Any unit, including the cultivator, needs proper care.. In the spring, before the start of the land works, the motoblock should be carefully inspected, with particular attention paid to the wear of the devices: plow, hiller, removable mills.
Carry out a trial test of the engine, for which it is necessary to close the air damper, set the highest number of revolutions and start the engine. Let it work for some time, thereby warming it up and after that you can start working the land.
Before overwhelming potatoes, you need to understand how to do it correctly. It is necessary to foresee the method of raising the crests while planting potatoes, since the distance between rows 60-70 cm is necessary for advancing and high-quality work of the unit. It is necessary to take into account the size between the wheels with the addition of 5 cm on each side.
We use two devices
The unit has wheels with lugs and two adjustable hillers on the cross member. They need to be set up in such a way that with the least effort the double-sided ploughshare will dump the ground onto the potato bushes. This is done by offsetting the plunge depth by the rack and changing the inclination of the device surface. Then hillers are installed between the rows, and the processing of plants begins.
Completely overcoming the length of the ridge, the aggregate unfolds, shifts by two rows, and the process repeats, lifting the crests of the earth. When earthing up, rippers are usually installed in front. Rear wheels are installed on the motoblock - hillers, which fall asleep bushes.
Such disc attachments, when hilling potatoes, are additionally crushed and make airy soil. True, the flooding of the ground with such a device will be slower, since it will be able to process only one row from the passage, but it is assumed that the soil will be better loosened.
Setting the drive tiller:
- It is necessary to drive the wheels at a distance between the rows.
- Then the blade angle is determined by trial and after that they are set symmetrically to each other.
This is done so that the walker does not lead to the side.
More details on how to spud potatoes in various ways can be found here.
The choice of hilling method directly depends on the characteristic features of the soil on potato ridges, but, in any case, the processing of plants must comply with the requirements of agricultural engineering. Motoblock with accessories for hilling gives excellent tillage. Moreover, such a collapse of plants protects them from diseases, stimulates growth and contributes to obtaining a good collection of vegetables.
How to spud potatoes?
Hilling potatoes - the action is required. Its essence lies in powdering the stems of the bush with loosened earth. This is done to ensure that the roots received more oxygen. In addition, hilling allows, to some extent, to get rid of weeds, to protect the plant from sudden frosts and to accelerate its development.
During the season you may need to spend three hilling. We will tell about each more:
- The first hilling of potatoes should be started when the plant reaches a height of 15 cm. Usually this period falls on the second or third decade of May.
During the first hilling process, it is imperative to remember that the layer of sprinkled soil should not exceed 10 cm. If this rule is not followed, then the shoots will be very difficult to develop.
- The second hilling of potatoes should be done when the bushes reach a height of 20-25 cm. As a rule, this moment comes 1-2 weeks after the first hilling.
- Not all gardeners spend the third and last hilling, but we recommend not to skip this stage. The essence of the process is the same, however, this time it is necessary to sprinkle the stems with earth as high as possible.
During hilling, attention should be paid to the condition of the soil. It should not be too dry or wet. Ideal - moderately moist land.
Hilling potatoes with motoblock
Motoblock on the procedure simplifies the process of hilling potatoes. For example, a field of a few dozen hundred square meters will manually spud up at best in a day. If you resort to the use of a motor-block, then you can do this work in just a few hours. So, let's consider how to spud potatoes with a walk-behind tractor.
Before you begin to talk about the process of hilling potatoes, let's talk about special designs, due to which the soil is loosening. If someone has ever seen a walker, then he has already guessed that we are now talking about baking powder and hillers.
The elements are quite primitive, some experienced gardeners even manage to make hillocks for potatoes with their own hands. In total, it is customary to distinguish two types of hillocks: a plow and a disk. Each differs from each other in some characteristics. We will tell about them now.
Hilling of potatoes with a motor-tractor with a plow-shaped hiller
To work with the plow-hiller, care should be taken to adjust the angle of attack and the depth to which the dive will take place. When this is done, you can get to work.
For this okuchnik need a little deeper into the ground. In this position, it should be all throughout the hilling. If the construction during processing of potatoes is above the ground, it must be omitted. For this stand deflected back. If the opposite occurs, the excavator is deeply immersed in the ground, then the rack must be deflected forward.
Hilling potatoes motoblock with disc hiller
To work with the disk variety of okuchnik you will need to set two parameters. It is primarily about the distance between the disks. It directly depends on the variety of potatoes and is mainly 40-70 cm.
Then you need to remember to adjust the angle of attack (rotation). It must be the same for both hilocks.
Hilling process: how it happens
So, it's time to pile up potatoes with a walker. The first thing to do is put a few baking powder in front of the structure. Behind the hill will be located, which was discussed above. When all the necessary manipulations are done, you can proceed to processing. For this, the tiller is placed strictly in the center between the rows of potatoes and the minimum speed is activated. The process is running.
Spud potatoes up to the end of the ridge, then the walker is carefully unrolled and the following rows are processed in the same manner. According to many experts in the field of gardening, spuding with a walker can be done only once. During the second treatment of the bushes, there is a high probability that the tubers themselves will be damaged.
If it is decided to spud potatoes with a walking tractor, then the “correct” planting of seed should be taken care of in advance. Processing by this technique is possible only if the distance between the rows of plants will be approximately 65-70 cm.
As you can see, spuding a motoblock with potatoes is very simple. If you learn the principle of work and begin to apply it in practice, the time saved can be spent on solving other important things.
To begin acquaintance with the hilling procedure, you need to figure out what it is for. The benefits of this treatment bushes are as follows:
- Tubers plants get more room for growth and development. Thus, having more soil at their disposal, they build up an additional “floor”. The higher the bushes are, the higher the harvest will be.
- Protects a bush from possible frosts.
- Loose earth saturates the soil with oxygen. Air is needed for respiration of the roots. Its deficiency can lead to the fact that the roots will not grow deep into or simply die.
- Cleans the earth from weeds that absorb moisture and nutrients needed for potatoes.
The best option is to conduct this procedure three times a season:
- When the first shoots are seen.
- When the bush reaches 25-30 cm.
- Two to three weeks after the second hilling.
Hilling is best done after rains. If there is no precipitation, moisten the soil on your own through irrigation. Hilling in the heat is unsafe, not only for you, but also for the plant.: high temperature may cause potatoes to fade. The most appropriate time is early morning or evening when the heat subsides. Also suitable for such work are cloudy days.
By following the above rules for processing potatoes, you can achieve maximum results.
Types of Hillers
The hilling process itself is quite time consuming and time consuming. At the processing of a couple of tens of acres, at best, it will take a whole day. To save precious hours and strength, we spud potatoes with a walk-behind tractor. The machine will cope with the task qualitatively and quickly, and to control it you will need a minimum of strength. In order to decide which hiller on the walk-behind tractor is right for you, let us figure out what types they are.
Outwardly, it looks like a frame on two wheels with two discs suspended from it.
Its package includes:
- T-shaped leash,
- two screw lanyards,
- two racks
- two disks.
This species is divided into two more varieties: double row and single row. To work with both of these hillers, you need to set the optimal dive depth for you and adjust the angle of attack. These settings help to avoid injury to plants.
- Double row
- attack angle,
- plow depth
A double-row plow-hiller performs its task several times faster than a disk one, but the quality of the work done by it, as well as the cost, is lower.
- Single row
He spends about the same time on tillage as he does on disk. However, the price of this device is lower, which affects the quality of the hilling.
How to spud
Hillers differ not only in appearance, price, quality of work, but also in ways of working with each of them. The general principle is the same, but one should pay attention to the correct installation of the tiller on the bed and the frequency of treatment so as not to cause harm to tubers. How to spud potatoes with a walk-in tractor so that the process can be extremely useful, consider below.
To start hilling potatoes with disc hillers, you need to attach it to the walk-behind tractor. This is carried out by fastening to the hitch bracket without a foot, a stopper, two bolts and flat washers will also be needed. To increase traction by reducing the forward speed, we recommend working in first gear. The motoblock is installed above one row, the wheels, respectively, will be between the rows. It is the row of potatoes, on which the machine stands, that will be powdered with earth. After processing one row, the tiller should be turned and moved to the next row.
Double row plow
The first thing to do before tilling this soil to put the lugs of the motoblock on the extension cords. It is recommended to use special lugs for hilling - they have a larger diameter. This is necessary so that during the work you will not damage the potato bushes. It is necessary to install it in such a way that one row is located directly under the tiller, and on either side of it is another row. The fact is that thanks to the plow, only the row that is under the walk-behind tractor is fully knocked out, and the side rows - only half.
In contrast to the double row, to use this device, you do not need to use the lugs - they can be replaced with rubber wheels. In the case, if the lugs are installed, the minimum distance between their edges should be set. It is installed in such a way that the plow is located between the rows of potatoes. It is necessary to pass with it on each inter-row, since not one row but one is powdered with earth on one side.
That is, it is possible to fully process one row of potatoes only for passing through two inter-rows.
Advantages of an earthing up
Hilling is the process of sticking the ground to plant stalks. Thanks to such work, root crops develop. If you do not spud potatoes, the roots will grow, and the tubers will grow deformed or small in size. The value of hilling motoblock is as follows:
- In the autumn and spring months, stalling is very necessary to protect against cold and frost. Under a good thickness of the earth, roots will be reliably protected from many pests, including the Colorado potato beetle,
- Sticking potatoes mainly occurs manually, due to the fact that not all gardeners and gardeners know how to pile up potatoes with a walk-behind tractor. Now the market has a huge selection of motoblocks that can be picked up in any price category,
- Приобретая мотоблок, вы значительно облегчаете свой труд. It has many priorities over the manual means of processing potatoes, especially significant is the reduction of labor costs and time. The only important rule is that the distance in the rows should be the same, otherwise you can damage the landing,
- With the help of motoblock potatoes can spud up both after planting and during growth,
hilling of potatoes with walker after germination
- After heavy rains and heavy rains, some of the root crops may end up on the surface, as a result of which the potatoes take on a green color and slow growth. In this case, you just need to spud potatoes with a walk-behind tractor.
- The benefit is that the area is cleared from weeds.
With a motorblock, you can not only spud potatoes, but also cultivate the land, plow the beds, cut ridges for planting different crops, and transport cargo across the site. Harvesting potatoes is also carried out using the motoblock.
How to spud potatoes motoblock?
Today, garden equipment can significantly ease the sticking of potatoes. To the choice of gardeners on the market offered a lot of motor-blocks of domestic and foreign manufacturers. The operation of this technique allows you to spud potatoes quickly and effortlessly. Plow tillers are quite widespread and used. On such mini tractors it is possible to install various devices: hillers, rippers, etc.
Sticking potatoes with a walk-up tractor should be done after the rain, when the moisture is slightly absorbed. Otherwise, instead of the ridges, you will get homogeneous, viscous lumps of earth. Dry soil may cause detrimental effects.
walking tractor with plow for hilling potatoes
The first hilling of potatoes with a walker can be done after the sprouts appear. Harm such a halt will not bring, and the benefits will be much. Potatoes start new roots and underground shoots, resulting in a bush will be powerful, and root crops are larger. The second time spud, when the height of the potato bushes will reach thirty centimeters. If the soil is heavy, then loosening can be done again, and with loose soil two times will be enough.
Before embarking on potatoes, you need to know how to pile up potatoes with a walking tractor. The motoblock is equipped with wheels and two hillers on a metal crossbar, which is adjustable. Also, you need to adjust the depth of the surface cutter and the angle. Next, the walker is placed between the rows and at low speed spud potatoes. Having reached the final border, the tiller turns and combs again, row by row.
The opinions of the country's leading agronomists are controversial with regard to the productivity of hilling potatoes. Many of them came to the conclusion that the usefulness of these actions is confirmed only in regions with a warm climate, and in northern latitudes, on the contrary, harms the development of potatoes. Some suggest using a method of planting potatoes under the straw. Potato care is much less here. The need for weeding, hilling and watering is almost absent.
Hand-hitting potatoes: hoe or shovel
With a small area of potato plantations, manual hilling is the only reasonable option for hilling potatoes. Do not start the motoblock because of 200 bushes of potatoes. It is enough to find some free time in good weather and in 1 hour you can complete the work, and at the same time stretch your muscles and breathe fresh air.The essence of hilling potatoes. Photo: atelieredboelaarts.nl
Manual hilling is good because the gardener is forced to carefully inspect each bush for damage by pests and diseases. It is no secret that most of the problems with potatoes are revealed precisely with hilling. Often after hilling a gardener, having a little rest, takes the sprayer “Beetle” and begins to spray the tops from the beetles, or the Bordeaux mixture from the late blight.
Experienced gardeners intuitively know when to begin hilling potatoes. Looking at the eye is enough to look at the potato field to determine that the moment has come. Usually the first time comes when the length of the shoots of potatoes approaches 20 cm, and the second time two or three weeks after the first hilling.
Yes, at least two hilling required during the growing season. Some spud three or four times, it all depends on local conditions, potato varieties and soil characteristics. By the way, the first hilling usually replaces weeding - the hand pulls itself to pull weeds out of the soil, therefore hilling is usually delayed due to the tilting of the body for weeding.
When potatoes are planted early in May, to obtain a very early harvest, hilling allows you to protect potato shoots from returning frosts, as well as accelerate plant growth with a lack of heat. The fact is that the heaps of soil around the plants accumulate the heat of the sun during the day, and at night they prevent the evil frosts from damaging the tender shoots, and also stimulate growth, accelerating development.
Spuding up potatoes is easier in the morning or eveningwhen the sun still does not bake. The coolness not only facilitates the work of the gardener, but also protects the plants from withering, in the case of minor damage to the root system during hilling. It is not necessary to spud potatoes in the heat, you pour yourself, and you torture the plants.
It is easiest to rake up the soil to the roots of potatoes after a little rain, when the soil dries out a little - less dust, more moisture closure, better root ventilation. If there is a prolonged drought, then before hilling it is worth watering the potatoes with a hose or a watering can, and only then spud.
The result of the correct hilling of potatoes are usually ridges, 15-30 cm in height.
Hilling of potatoes by horse, plow
In many regions of Central Russia, the master of potato hilling has not yet transferred to the plow, which the horse pulls. The dates of hilling a horse with a horse are the same as with manual hilling, but there is one peculiarity.
The fact is that the horse will be able to maximize the earthing up of potatoes when the potato itself has been planted “under the plow”, that is, when planting, the plow was used, which was furrows. Horses that pull a plow are usually accustomed to walk between the rows.
But, as they say, it is better to see once than read a hundred times. Therefore, I recommend watching the video about the hilling of potatoes with plow: