General information

Ivy: medicinal properties and contraindications

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send



The leaves of the plant most often have a base in the form of a heart, alternate, dense dark green color. Flowers ivy inconspicuous greenish-yellow color, gathered in umbrellas. The flowers of ivy are both unisexual and bisexual. Male and bisexual flowers have 5 stamens, while in female flowers there is a pistil with a 5–10-nested ovary. The fruit of ivy is similar in size to a pea. Flowering plant in the fall.

Wild ivy can be seen in Eurasia. In Western Europe, ivy is found on trees and on soil in light and floodplain forests. On the rocks and stony cliffs ivy also grows well. In Russia, ivy is grown, but in the wild you will not see it. For growing choose parks, gardens, courtyards, and even use ivy as a houseplant.

Ivy propagation

Ivy is propagated by cuttings, shoots and layering. The plant is propagated by cutting as follows: having cut the cuttings, they need to be planted in pots of 2–3 units each, and they are covered with a film on top. For planting cuttings, you must first prepare the soil, namely, to mix sand with hardwood. Roots are best rooted with the presence of aerial roots.

Ivy reproduction by layering. For this method, you need to take long shoots, make cuts below and pin them to the ground with special clips. When the plants take root, they must be carefully and slowly separated and transplanted separately.

Breeding shoots. We take the shoot, which has 8-10 leaves, and put it on the sand. Now we put it inside the sand with the help of indentations. Only leaves should be on the surface. After 10 days, underground roots will appear on the stalk, where the buds of aerial roots are located. Now the shoot needs to be pulled out of the sand and cut in such a way that each cutting has a leaf and roots. Cuttings can not be kept in water until the roots appear, for this you just need to treat them with a special powder. When the cuttings take root, they are planted in a ready pot or soil.

Growing ivy

The soil for growing this unpretentious plants need to constantly moisten. In summer, watering should be abundant, in winter - moderate. Ivy responds well to frequent spraying. This plant prefers fertile soil. Ivy is responsive to any kind of top dressing. The ends of the shoots need to be pinned periodically - this will give the plant a thick foliage and more decoration.

Ivy can be transplanted every two years in a pot whose diameter is greater than the previous one. For better development and growth, the plant must be grown in a bright and lit place.

Ivy, though rarely, is still exposed to diseases and various pests. If the room is warm, the plant is affected by the shield. In this case, the damaged stems need to be cut, and the plant moved to a colder place. If you notice that the ivy leaves are yellowed and fall off, this indicates a lack of moisture.

Useful properties of ivy

Ivy has anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It is used as an astringent, emetic, laxative agent. Alcohol tincture of ivy is used to lower blood pressure and remove warts. A decoction made from this plant helps to cure cough and get rid of headaches. Due to the fact that plant-based drugs have hemolytic properties, ivy is used to maintain the tone of all the vessels in the body.

Ivy contains organic acids, iodine, glycosides, due to which ivy is used as a general tonic.

Ivy application

Even in ancient times, ivy was used in traditional medicine. On the basis of this plant, preparations are used that are used in children’s cough and whooping cough, bronchitis and asthma. Ivy is used for respiratory diseases and bronchial inflammations of a chronic nature. Ivy contains a huge amount of iodine, so it is used for hyperthyroidism.

Ivy preparations help with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gout and rheumatism. Ivy infusion and tincture are used for catars of various kinds. Ivy is used externally - as a means for washing in the presence of skin disease.

Broth ivy for skin diseases. To make it, you need to take 1 tablespoon of crushed ivy leaves and pour 200 ml of boiling water over them. We put everything in the water bath for half an hour. After removing the composition from the water bath, we take gauze, fold it into 3 layers and filter the medium. The resulting broth is brought to its original volume with boiling water. Take this medicine three times a day and 1 tablespoon. The same broth can be used for washing.

Decoction with rickets. 1 teaspoon of the leaves of the plant is poured 400 ml of cold boiled water and infused for 1 hour. After filtering the broth is taken 4 times a day for a quarter cup.

Ivy with flu. To make this medicine, you need to take fresh ivy leaves, squeeze the juice out of them and combine it with the same amount of garlic juice. This juice should be dripped into the nose and nasopharynx. The same medicine can be used in the presence of chronic pain in the head.

Ivy with throat diseases. It is necessary to take 10 grams of the leaves of the plant and boil them in the old wine, adding a pinch of salt there. Prepare slightly hot broth rinse sore throat.
Contraindications to the use of ivy

Ivy should be used only in moderate doses, otherwise excessive dosage will lead to poisoning. Some people may be allergic to this plant.

Ivy harvesting and storage

In order to procure medicinal parts of ivy, you can collect all the organs of a climbing plant: flowers, foliage, roots and woody part. It is recommended to prepare the foliage of vines during strong blooming, it occurs in September or October. They need to be decomposed in the fresh air, under a canopy, a layer of 3-4 cm. As the drying dries up, the entire collection is turned over, for uniform drying. If the leaves are dried in the chambers, then the temperature should not exceed 50 gr.S.

Ivy wood, it is desirable to prepare in the spring, when the movement of juices begins, then a maximum of therapeutic substances remains in them, etc. It is peeled and cut into small pieces. Roots after digging, you need to rinse with cool water to clean the dirt and dry. All raw materials are stored in paper bags or boxes. Healing characteristics can persist for 4 years.

Application in everyday life

Ivy is often planted on the plot as a decorative decoration of the yard. With it, plant arbors, attic, and various hedges.

It is considered an excellent honey plant, as it gives bribes at the level of edible chestnut and linden.

The green parts of plants can be used as top-dressing livestock in winter.

Ivy is able to clear the air of formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, xylene, benzene. It is recommended to grow in factories and in apartments adjacent to huge factories, factories and highways.

Composition and medicinal properties

  1. The woody part of ivy contains saponosides, active substances that have expectorant and antispasmodic properties. In addition to saponosides, the leaves are rich in sterols, organic acids flavonoids, tannins and anthocyanosides. The leaves contain carbohydrates: fructose, sucrose, galactose, essential oils, flavonoids, B vitamins, mineral salts, steroids, coumarins. Included in the mucous components soothe a dry cough.
  2. Ivy extract is part of the drugs used in bronchitis, liver and gall bladder, with gout and rheumatism.
  3. The colors of the ever-green plants are triterpenoids, steroids, stigmasterol, saponins. In the fruit part there is galactose, essential oil, triterpenoids, steroids, flavonoid rutin.
  4. The seeds of ivy contain fatty oils, in which they comprise the petroselinic acid fraction. Root contains vitamins and mineral salts, triterpenoids, polyacetate compounds, gum.
  5. Scientists have shown that substances contained in ivy wood, help relieve spasms caused by acetylcholine. Clinical studies during the treatment of animals confirmed the antifungal and expectorant properties of ivy. Leaf extract can have antitumor and antibacterial effects. This remedy destroys the cells of melanoma, one of the malignant tumors, because of this it has become a potential cure for cancer.
  6. The drug is made of wood, it is recommended during the treatment of continuous cough in case of exacerbated bronchitis. Leaves and wood are applied externally in the form of creams, as high-quality remedies in the treatment of obesity and purulent dermatoses.

A decoction of raw ivy with purulent inflammation of the skin

You will need to prepare 1 cup of finely rubbed dry leaves, pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, and only then put on a steam bath. Steamed this composition should be roasted for 30 minutes. After composition withdraw and strain.

Prepare gauze napkins in advance, which are wetted in water and applied to wounds.

Broth for use inside when treating bronchitis and dry cough

It is necessary to take the leaves and chopped wood of ivy in equal doses to get exactly a glass. Add 1 tbsp. water and cook over low heat for 20 min. Cooked decoction must be filtered and add water to the initial volume.

Take orally 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day.

Raw ivy for the treatment of old corns and corns

To do this, take the fresh greens of the plant, twist through a meat grinder, so that the healing juice is preserved. To put gruel on in advance prepared gauze napkins and to put to callosities. Top compress should be fixed with a plastic bag and bandaged with a bandage. When the gruel dries, the compress is changed to fresh.

Ivy from kidney and urinary tract diseases

To prepare the tincture, you must prepare the following composition: 10 g of crushed leaves of ivy, rosemary, bearberry, horsetail, licorice, juniper and cumin. This mixture must be poured over with 1 liter of hot boiling water and infused until completely cooled. After this, strain the tincture and take 100 g per day.

Broth from ivy bark for skin diseases

This decoction is perfect for getting rid of boils, burns and streptoderma. It can be used for mycosis of the scalp and to clean the lice. The crushed ivy wood is poured over with 1 glass of water and boiled on the steam bath for 20 minutes. Cooked broth is filtered through cheesecloth and take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.

Botanical characteristic

Ivy belongs to lianas, it clings to trees and rocks with the help of adventitious roots that perform the function of suckers. The plant loves wet places (lowlands), characterized by the presence of two forms of leaves: lobed and lanceolate (on flowering branches). The inflorescence resembling an umbrella consists of greenish-yellow flowers. Fruits that form in January-February are not used for food, they used to be used as an expectorant. The stem of ivy is woody, the plant is an evergreen creeping shrub.

Collection periods and cooking

  1. Foliage - at any time. Optimal: before or during flowering (late summer-early fall). Drying is carried out in a chamber at a temperature of not more than 50 ° C or in fresh air, under a canopy, periodically turning the material.
  2. Wood - in the spring after the beginning of the movement of juices. The stem pieces are peeled and crushed.
  3. Roots - at any time. They are dug, washed with cool water and dried.

Stored material is stored in paper bags or boxes. The maximum term of preservation of medicinal action is 4 years.

Medical use and healing properties of ivy

The composition of the medicinal components of ivy is studied in detail. Pharmaceuticals prized ivy saponins contained in wood, leaves and flowers. Saponins have expectorant and antispasmodic effects. Ivy produces volatile production (essential oils), which have a beneficial effect on the respiratory system.

The main components of ivy leaves: sterols and steroids, organic acids, carbohydrates (sucrose, fructose, glucose, etc.), mineral salts. Vitamin composition: group B, carotene (A), ascorbic acid (C), tocopherol (E). Tannins contained in the leaves (phenolic compounds), flavonoids (anthocyanins, in particular) and coumarins (aromatic lactones) have astringent, antimicrobial and antitumor effects.

In ivy seeds contains fatty oils, and in the roots of gum, vitamins, mineral salts, polyacetates.

Ivy has a tonic effect. and contributes to recovery after a long (exhausting) disease. In medicine, preparations based on ivy are prescribed at the rehabilitation stage after heavy operations and traumatic brain injuries.

Plant components have a wound healing and anti-inflammatory effect.. Decoction or infusion of leaves is used for fungal and bacterial skin diseases, for the treatment of lice, improve the condition of fatty tissue, excretion of subcutaneous toxins, in the complex therapy of weight loss. Ivy leaf extract exhibits antimelanoma activity.

The main scope of ivy - treatment and relief of problems with problems with the respiratory system. Saponins contained in the plant accelerate the formation and separation of sputum, which is important in the treatment of respiratory diseases (bronchitis, pneumonia). The principle of action of saponins is to increase the level of mucus secretion by the alveoli and bronchi. As a result, the frequency and severity of coughing attacks, for example, in whooping cough or bronchial asthma, is reduced.

Depending on the dosage and components used ivy can have both binding and laxative effects. The use of a decoction of the plant helps to normalize the work of the digestive system, improves the condition of the liver, causes a diuretic effect, and contributes to the treatment of the external genital organs in women.

Dosage Forms and Recipes

The main forms of home use ivy - infusion or decoction. Alcohol tinctures, juice, mush, ointment or balsam are also used.

  1. Decoction for the treatment of inflammation of the skin. Water with crushed leaves is brought to a boil, put on a steam bath for 30 minutes and then filtered. Gauze moistened with decoction applied to wounds.
  2. Cough Broth. A glass of leaves and wood (1: 1) is added to an equal volume of water and kept on low heat for 20 minutes, then filtered, brought to its original volume. Reception: on a tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
  3. Tincture for the treatment of intercostal neuralgia. A mixture of crushed wood and leaves is poured with vodka and left for 3 weeks in the refrigerator, in a dark dish, then filtered and applied by rubbing.
  4. Gruel to remove calluses and wen. Fresh greens, processed using a meat grinder or juicer, impose on the affected place with a gauze bandage.

Pharmaceutical preparations based on ivy

Pharmaceutical preparations based on extracts of ivy leaves, stimulating the function of the respiratory tract, for oral administration:

  1. Syrups (Gerbion, Gedelik ivy syrup).
  2. In the form of drops and tablets (Stoptussin).
  3. Syrups, drops or pills (Bronchipret, Prospan). Prospan is available in the form of effervescent tablets.

Contraindications

The duration of taking any form of ivy is about 5 days. Overdose is dangerous due to the presence of toxic substances in the plant.

The use of ivy for the treatment of small children and pregnant women is contraindicated.

If the plant was milled by hand, then after the procedure, hands should be thoroughly washed to avoid allergic reactions.

Collection and preparation of raw materials

For the manufacture of medicines use almost all parts of ivy: foliage, flowers, rhizomes. The collection of leaflets is recommended during the flowering period of the plant. Next, the raw material must be dried. The sheets are laid out in a thin layer on paper and dried outside or in the attic. Raw materials must be periodically turned over so that it does not become moldy. To speed up the drying process, you can use the dryer.

The collection of leafy shoots should be carried out in late autumn. Drying raw materials like sheets. Harvested raw materials are poured into boxes or paper bags and placed in a dry place with adequate ventilation. You can store and use the harvested raw material for four years.

Composition and pharmacological properties

Ivy is a healing plant that helps to cure a considerable number of diseases. It contains a lot of nutrients:

  • saponin glycosides,
  • pitches
  • tannins,
  • carotenoids,
  • tocopherols,
  • flavonoids,
  • essential oils
  • sucrose,
  • fructose,
  • mineral salts
  • coumarins,
  • carbohydrate
  • iodine
  • pectin
  • chlorogenic, malic and formic acids.

Препараты на основе рассматриваемого растения обладают иммуностимулирующими, общеукрепляющими, отхаркивающими, противовоспалительными, антибактериальными, вяжущими, антифунгальными, тонизирующими, антиоксидантными, ранозаживляющими и противоопухолевыми свойствами.

Средства на основе плюща способствуют:

  • улучшению обмена веществ,
  • нормализации работы ЦНС,
  • устранению кашля,
  • preventing the development of tumors,
  • quick wound healing
  • eliminate inflammations
  • therapy of tuberculosis, furunculosis, jaundice, rheumatism, gout, rickets, burns, dandruff.

Pathology of the skin: the use of decoction

This tool helps to cure burns, boils, streptoderma. It can also be used to treat mycosis and pediculosis. Make twenty grams of finely chopped dried wood of a plant in two hundred milliliters of freshly boiled water. Boil for ten minutes. Leave the agent to infuse. It is necessary to consume по cup of the filtered drug three times a day.

Ivy in the fight against cellulite

Take fresh leaves of the plant, grind to a pasty consistency. Next, mix the resulting mass with baby cream or petroleum jelly. Treat the resulting area of ​​problem skin. After you apply the drug, turn into polyethylene. The duration of the procedure is half an hour.

Dry cough, bronchitis: treatment of healing broth

For dry cough or bronchitis, brew thirty milliliters of finely chopped dry ivy foliage in two hundred milliliters of boiled water. Next, the tool must be protomit on low heat for ten minutes. Cool, drain and consume two spoons of medicine four times a day.

Chemical composition

On the forums in discussions of the therapeutic characteristics of ivy, many express their concerns about its toxicity. This fact is scientifically confirmed, but in order to understand how useful or dangerous a plant is for human health, it is important to find out what its roots, stems, foliage, and fruits consist of.

Did you know?Ivy creepers under no circumstances burn. In the world of such plants, there are about 14 species.

Biologists say that the main building blocks of ivy plant fiber ordinary are:

  • gum,
  • galactose,
  • fructose,
  • glucose,
  • raffinose,
  • stachyose,
  • coumarins
  • hederin
  • saponins
  • essential oils,
  • scopolines
  • carotene,
  • flavonoids,
  • inositol
  • organic acids (malic, chlorogenic and formic),
  • iodine,
  • steroids,
  • tar,
  • pectins
  • tocopherol,
  • triterpenoids,
  • tannins.

The benefits and harms of ivy are due precisely to the above list. Resinous and gummy substances predominate in the stems of the plant; therefore, herbalists consider the leathery foliage to be the most valuable part of it and do not recommend fruit to be consumed.

Medicinal properties

To be afraid of this beautiful creeper, that the small roots on the stem can reliably cling to even the metal, is absolutely not worth it. Official medicine has long confirmed the healing properties of ivy, pharmacists offer a wide range of products based on it, and beekeepers attributed the plant to productive honey plants.

Did you know?The ancient Greeks considered ivy ordinary sacred culture, because the plant saved from the faithful death of the son of the god of thunder, Dionysus, protecting him from the blazing flames. Since then, the vine along with the vine was revered as a symbol of power.

Doctors say that due to the components of high-molecular carbohydrates, the plant has sorption effect. The inherent saponin glycosides contribute to the antibacterial, expectorant and anti-fungal effects. In addition, in tandem with other components, they promote healing of wounds, dilution and discharge of sputum, stimulate bronchial peristalsis, facilitate breathing. As a result, the chain of complex physico-chemical reactions of all components of the plant relieves inflammation and heals wounds. Tannins provide it with a knitting effect, and the inherent tocopherol takes care of the normalization of metabolic processes and contributes to the absorption of carotene.

Herbalists advise cough extract ivy, to improve immunity, vascular dilation. Cold infusions are recommended for liver, gallbladder, gout, rheumatism, and chronic bronchitis. Broths are indicated for women with heavy and painful menstruation.

Important!Ivy honey is considered a rare product. To protect yourself from fraudsters and not get a fake, remember that the true product has a pleasant delicate aroma, oily and slightly crystalline air consistency, as well as a light yellow color.

Folk healers practice the removal of warts, corns, polyps, as well as the treatment of furunculosis, purulent wounds and burns prepared with ivy drug. In addition, the infusion of lianas can trigger the awakening of hair follicles with baldness. Has useful properties ivy honey. Experts talk about its ability to normalize metabolic processes in the human body, as well as the beneficial effects of viral infections, colds, diseases of the lungs and bronchi. Moreover, the delicacy has a stimulating effect on the mental performance of a person and relieves psycho-emotional stress.

Learn more about the healing properties of black poplar, ash, linden, acacia, lilac, hawthorn, boxwood, sucker, irgi, gumi.

Preparation of raw materials for medical purposes

In tropical and subtropical latitudes, the plant can be seen on the fences, altars and walls of houses, as well as in its wild form, these vines are found in the oak and beech forests of Europe, the foothills of Asia. In Ukrainian areas this is the only creeping culture of Podolia. Her whips can be stretched to a height of 30 meters.

Did you know?The Latin name for ivy ordinary (Hedéra hélix) botanists interpret differently. Some bind him to the Greek "oedon", which translated means "singer." And others - to the Celtic "hedea", which translates as "cord". In the first case, the linguistic origin is due to the fact that in winter the plant is precipitated by birds, feeding on its berries. And in the second - the features of powerful vines.

Common ivy is characterized by slow development and late flowering. Usually, the first buds on elastic stems appear in the autumn, when the plant turns 8-10 years old, and the black fruits ripen by spring. For therapeutic purposes, herbalists recommend collecting leaves, wood and roots. It is characteristic that leathery leaf plates from vines can be picked at any time of the year, as well as digging up their roots. This raw material does not lose its properties at low temperatures, but is most useful in the last 2 weeks of August. But the wood harvesting is better to do in the spring, after the start of sap flow. To do this, first you need to remove the bark from the stems, and then chop them.

Drying of all parts of the plant is recommended to be carried out in a natural way on a piece of cloth or a sheet of cardboard. The best place for this is a well-ventilated attic, where it is dry and there is no direct sunlight. In cases where the raw material was harvested during the cold season, it can be dried in an electric dryer or oven. To do this, simply set the temperature controller to 50 ° C.

After the material is brought to the desired condition and cool, it is Packed in paper bags. Store ivy can be up to 4 years. The main thing is that this should happen in a dry and dark place.

Did you know?Ivy are long-lived plants. Many of them are about 400 years old. It is very easy to destroy the liana, and it is almost impossible to resume.

Use in traditional medicine: recipes

Today, in every pharmacy there are various syrups, drops and effervescent tablets made from ivy extracts. Along with a wide range of pharmaceutical companies, folk healers offer many equally effective home remedies for the same diseases. Consider the most popular ones.

With bronchitis and dry cough

For treatment, you need to prepare a decoction. It is recommended to add equal portions of chopped wood and foliage. Often, they take half a glass of raw materials, add the same amount of cold water to it, and simmer over low heat for about 20 minutes. Then the liquid is passed through a sieve and diluted with boiling water to bring the volume of the product to 200 ml. Ready potion drink 30 g, breaking into 3-4 doses.

Important!After any contact with ordinary ivy, be sure to wash your hands with soap and water. This is especially true after harvesting raw materials and manual grinding of dry potion. The fact is that the plant contains toxic substances that, on contact with the skin, cause strong allergic reactions and dermatitis.

In case of complicated and acute forms of diseases, folk healers advise to insist 100 g of crushed ivy leaves in a glass of boiling water and take cough during meals. And at the time you need to drink 1-2 cups of liquid.

With rheumatism

In the complex treatment to get rid of this disease will help cold extract of ivy foliage. It is prepared in this proportion: 200 ml of drinking water and a quarter of a teaspoon of dry sheet material. When all components are combined, the mixture is left to infuse for 8 hours. After that filter and one-time accept inside.

Important!In case of any disease that can cure ivy, the course of therapy lasts no more than 5 days. This restriction is due to the poisonous components of the plant.

In diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract

Dry ground ivy is used to cooking broth. To do this, you need half a liter of boiling water and 5-6 dry large leaves. All the ingredients are mixed, then brought to a boil, and still tormented on the fire for about 10 minutes. Then wrapped and set aside to insist for half an hour. Then the liquid can be passed through cheesecloth and taken orally before eating. Single dose - half a cup.

With purulent inflammation of the skin

For skin therapy, folk healers advise washing the affected areas of the epidermis with classical decoction and tinctures of leavesivy. In warm liquid moisten gauze bandages and apply them to the wound.

Fresh leaves also give a good effect, and after thorough washing they tie a bandage to a sore spot.

If desired, a special balsam can be prepared for home treatment. To do this, you need to grind the dry foliage of the vines to dust, add to it the same part of animal fat, mix thoroughly. If you have honey, you can take it (a third of a teaspoon). Keep the product in the refrigerator and allow to warm to room temperature before use.

From boils, burns and streptoderma

In such cases, the treatment gives successful results. decoction of bark or ivy wood. 30 g of the crushed drug is poured with a glass of boiling water and kept on the fire for about half an hour. Then give 10 minutes to infuse, pass through a sieve and diluted with boiled water to bring to the initial volume. Take the means you need to ingest 1 tablespoon each time before eating. In parallel, it is recommended to wash the affected areas with the prepared agent.

Did you know?In the Caucasus, old ivy creepers are used to make rare varnishes for which there is no alternative in certain types of painting. And also wood is an indispensable building material for the national musical instrument kemancha.

Application in cosmetology

With home care for the skin of the face and body are shown daily morning wash decoction of leaves and ivy wood. According to experts, this procedure contributes to the removal of fatigue, stimulation of metabolic processes and cell regeneration. To enhance the effect, the liquid can be frozen in cubes. Women who regularly use such a tool, have a toned and elastic skin. Such procedures are especially appropriate for people with a bold type of epidermis, since they promote cleansing and narrowing of pores.

Ivy broths are recommended for owners of luxurious curls. If every time you wash your hair, rinse it with the liquid you mentioned, dandruff and oily seborrhea will disappear, and the hair follicles will be strengthened and the hair will no longer crumble.

Important!When poisoning with ordinary ivy, there is nausea, vomiting, pain in the heart, fatigue in the legs, rash as with scarlet fever, convulsions. In such situations, call the doctor immediately and flush the stomach with a suspension of activated carbon.

There are many anti-cellulite cosmetics purchased based on ivy leaf extract. They can be cooked at home. To do this, it will be necessary to make a mush from fresh raw materials and add an equal part of honey to it. Ready means you need to massage movements rub into problem areas until it turns white. Then rinse with water. With puffiness of the face and "bags" under the eyes, wipe with a napkin moistened in ivy broth will help. Also, a good effect gives a mask of half a cup of gruel of a fresh plant, 10 drops of aloe juice and 1 tablespoon of rye bread soaked in cream.

Find out what beneficial properties fragrant herbs and spices have: dill, parsley, basil, arugula, mint, lemon balm, marjoram, cardamom, ginger, tarragon, oregano, fennel.

In medicine

In official medicine in the form of decoctions and tinctures, ivy is not used, but extracts from it are used in the pharmaceutical industry of some countries for the production of medicines.

The beneficial properties of ordinary ivy (especially high iodine content) are used in medicinal purposes in homeopathy. Recently, on the basis of ivy, various homeopathic preparations have appeared, which are recommended for coughing, bronchitis, asthma, whooping cough, especially in children. The homeopathic remedy “Hedera helix” is extremely popular and versatile in the case of hyperfunction of the thyroid gland (in high dilutions), scrofula and catarrh of the mucous membranes, especially in the area of ​​accessory cavities (in small dilutions). In homeopathy, ivy is sometimes used for diseases of the stomach, gall bladder and liver, for rheumatism and gout.

Bulgarian dermatologists from pounded fresh leaves of ivy ordinary recommend poultices in the area of ​​corns. In Germany, ordinary ivy is used for respiratory catarrh and chronic inflammatory diseases of the bronchi. Ivy ordinary in Georgia is part of the drug "Majuni", used in gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.

Ivy leaf extract is a herbal medicinal product that has mucolytic, antispasmodic and expectorant effects. On its basis, a lot of herbal preparations are manufactured, namely syrups (Gidelix, Pektolvan, Prospan) and drops (Bronchipret, Gedelix) for cough, which are also intended for children. The advantage of these preparations lies in their natural chemical composition, rather pleasant taste and aroma.

Contraindications and side effects

It is important to remember that ivy is a poisonous plant. Any use of ivy, as well as infusions, tinctures and decoctions based on it is contraindicated without prior consultation with your doctor. Overdose may cause poisoning, manifested by nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness, etc. It should be borne in mind that ivy fruits are especially toxic: if they are accidentally swallowed by children (or animals), severe poisoning is possible. It is also possible the manifestation of allergies in contact with the plant. It is not recommended to use drugs based on ivy ordinary during pregnancy and during lactation.

In other areas

Due to its evergreen, dark ornamental foliage, ordinary ivy has long been used for decorative purposes, especially for vertical indoor gardening, as well as for gardening arbors, porches, and sometimes pipes. In the southern regions of Russia, it is used as a beautiful climbing decorative evergreen plant, decorating their landscape of park and garden areas, creating various compositions. Ivy ordinary grown and as a houseplant. Designers - flower growers from it create green partitions, using for decorative separation of zones in the interior of houses, apartments.

Antibacterial and antifunginal activity of ivy saponins is widely used in the household, for example, for washing linen and wool, leaf infusion is used against cockroaches (in America), wood is used in turning for making various products, and gum for varnish in painting.

Common ivy is an excellent autumn honey plant, especially in the Caucasus, as it blooms in September-October. The plant gives a fragrant white stone honey with a mint-menthol flavor.

The berries of ivy in winter are the main food for pigeons, thrushes, and other birds (although they are poisonous to humans), leaves all winter serve as valuable green food for herbivores, both wild and domestic.

Classification

Ivy ordinary (lat. Hedera helix) - belongs to the genus Ivy (lat. Hedera) of the Aralia family (lat. Araliaceae). The genus includes 15 species of tree vines with suckers on the stem, widespread from the Canary Islands to the Pacific coast, in Russia - in the Caucasus (4 species). The plant has been bred for a long time; more than a hundred of its cultivars (varieties) are known.

Botanical description

Tree liana with airy suckers on the stem (up to 30 m long). The roots are characterized by endomycorrhiza, as well as the presence in the cortex of the secretory vessels in the form of tubules and glands. Specifically, young vegetative shoots are attached to the support (tree trunks, walls, rocks) with numerous adventitious roots. With age, the main axes of the stems, thickening, turn into twisted, crusty, powerful trunks, sometimes reaching up to 2 m in girth.Leaves alternate, petiole, leathery, shiny, heart-shaped on vegetative shoots, 3-5 lobed. Reproductive shoots have a different character, they are short, freely rising above the mosaic cover of the plant, devoid of roots-trailers, carry leaves (rhomboid-ovate or ovate) so different from the leaves of vegetative shoots that both can be mistaken for leaves of different plants. The flowers are small, actinomorphic, yellowish-green, in spherical umbrellas, solitary or gathered in panicles. Perianth double, calyx almost imperceptible, represented by small teeth. At the top of the ovary is usually developed nectar. Stamens 5. Gintsy Sincarp. Fruits are berry-shaped, when ripe it is dark (black) blue. Seeds with small germ and abundant endosperm. It blooms in autumn (September-October), it is mainly pollinated by flies and wasps.

Spread

In Russia, it occurs in Ciscaucasia and on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. It grows in deciduous, especially beech forests, rising to a considerable height in trees, often causing their death, grows on stony slopes and rocks, in ravines, ravines, gorges. Cultivated ivy as an ornamental, including houseplant.

Pharmacological properties

The therapeutic effect of ordinary ivy is primarily due to its rich chemical composition. The plant has high sorption properties, due to the content of pectin substances, also has antibacterial, antifungal and expectorant actions. This is due to the content of saponin glycosides in the chemical composition of ivy, which contribute to the liquefaction of viscous sputum, activate respiration, bronchial peristalsis. The plant also has astringent and anti-inflammatory effects due to tannins. In addition, ordinary ivy, due to the content of tocopherol (vitamin E) helps to normalize the metabolism in muscle tissue, improves the absorption and absorption of vitamin A, and also exhibits antioxidant properties.

History reference

The generic name of the plant comes from the Greek word "oedon" - "singer, bard." However, some botanists believe that the name of the plant comes from the Celtic word "hedea" - "cord", and the species "helisso" - means "curl."

Common ivy has other popular names: brechetan, serpentine, shalenets. Pharmacy name: ivy leaves - “Hederae helicis folium”.

Literature

1. Biological encyclopedic dictionary / Ch. ed. M. S. Gilyarov) 2nd ed., Amended. M .: Owls. Encyclopedia. 1989.

2. Yelenevsky A.G., M.P. Solovyov, V.N. Tikhomirov // Botanica. Systematics of higher or terrestrial plants. M. 2004. 420 p.

3. Plant Life, Ed. A.L. Tahtajyan. M .: Enlightenment. 1981. Vol. 5. Part 2. 425 s.

4. Peshkova G.I., Schroeter A.I. Plants in home cosmetics and dermatology. M. 2001. 684 p.

5. Poyarkova A.I. Ivy - Hedera // Flora of the USSR / Botanical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Started with the guidance and under the main editorship of Acad. V. L. Komarova, Volume Editor B. K. Shishkin. M.-L .: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1950. T. XVI. Pp. 3-17.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send