Mezembryantemum is a clove-flowered plant from the Azizov family, it has a difficult name, literally from Greek, it sounds like “blooming at noon”. Flower growers sign under the set of intricate names:
- midday flower
- African daisy
- plant of life
- ice grass,
- crystal chamomile.
Why crystal daisy?
Crystal chamomile Mezembryantemum was called because of its peculiarity to keep on the hairs covering the leaves, drops of dew, fog and rain. Because of this, the flowers really look like placers of rock crystal. The appearance of the inflorescence resembles a garden chamomile. The first botanical description of the Mezembryantemum was made by the German archeologist and botanist Gustav Švantes, calling it "a flower given by God."
Where grows mezembryantemum
The cradle of the flower is Southeast Africa. Grassy or shrubby low-growing groundcover can be found on sandy, sandy soils of the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean, South Australia. Loves open, sunny, dry areas, so Mezembryantemum is a succulent plant.
Flower stems are diverse: erect or lying, crawling, ascending, necessarily thickened, juicy, up to thirty centimeters long. The processes are trimmed with shiny “cilia”. Dense fleshy leaves have papillae-tanks filled with juice, shining in the sun like ice crystals.
How does a crystal daisy bloom
Flowers with narrow petals, varied in color - white, pink, red, yellow, purple, lilac. The luxurious green carpet, studded with charming colorful flowers, looks amazing. The inflorescences are quite large, up to seven centimeters. Bright "suns" are revealed only in the afternoon, in clear weather. In the cloudy - decorate the garden will only be no less interesting leaves. Flowers with positive energy cheer up, and the unusual Mesembryantemum crystal is soothing about beauty, even when all the summer flowers fade away.
Next, a fruit resembles a box. Tiny seeds are countless: one gram holds at least three thousand. Among the many species there are perennials and annuals.
Growing mezembryantemum from seeds at home
Seeds mesembrianthemma photo
Growing the Crystal Mezembryantemma is very popular, as it is impossible to buy seedlings, but it is much easier to get seeds.
From a mixture of earth and sand, light, loose soil is prepared; sand is taken more and filled with cassettes or boxes.
How to sow
- seeds are scattered on the surface as rarely as possible, it is better to immediately use a toothpick and arrange them at a distance of 2-3 cm, so as not to break through, damaging the roots.
- sprinkled with sand on top,
- embedment depth does not exceed 2 - 3 mm,
- keep the temperature + 12-15º C,
- crops are sprayed from the pulvelliser, covered with foil,
Mezembryanthum growing seed photos from seedlings
- seedlings are born on the 7-8 day (the main - in 21-28 days), then remove the film, transferred to the bright window sill without drafts,
- too elongated seedlings are treated with retardants, which slows down the excessive growth in length and increases the cell division of the stems in width,
- water moderately, not allowing the roots to rot,
- the temperature of the content is reduced to + 10º C,
Seedlings Mesembryanthum photo
- grown seedlings, at the stage of the emergence of two or four true leaves, dive in separate pots or cells of the cassette.
- Further care is to maintain the substrate at a moderate moisture level, to provide bright ambient light and a cool temperature of 10-16 ° C.
How to plant a seedling mezembryantemum in the ground
- planted in open ground in the second decade of May or early June at a constant temperature not lower than + 6º C, after the threat of frost has passed,
- planting 10x15 cm. For varieties with long shoots - up to 30 cm,
- landing site - sunny, southern slopes.
Crystal mezembryantemum prefers an exceptionally light soil with a weak fertile layer and excellent drainage. To save the stems and leaves from rotting, small pebbles are laid out near the bushes.
When and how to sow crystal chamomile seeds in the ground
In the southern regions, seeds can be sown in open ground no earlier than May, but a midday flower will bloom much later. Emerged seedlings should be thinned out, so that only the strongest specimens remain. The distance between them is about 20 cm.
African chamomile is very thermophilic, the most that can move - zero degrees for a short time. Fragile stems and disastrous low temperatures - these are all the disadvantages of the plant. The rest of Mezembryantemum brings only joy. A flower garden containing ice grass is literally transformed.
Reproduction of mesembryantmum cuttings
Grafting mesembrianthemma photo
The fragility of the shoots is compensated by their ability to reproduce by grafting. The roots of each share of the stem during cuttings occur very quickly.
- in the fall they select strong healthy bushes, dig up,
- until spring is left in a dark, cool place,
- stored at about + 10ºC,
- divided into cuttings
- put on rooting in wet sand,
- they do not water the cuttings for three days, then gently inject the lower watering through the tray, avoiding over-moistening.
- after the appearance of young leaves transferred into the open ground (March-May, depending on the climatic zone),
- Sandy soil is preferable for planting, the place is necessarily dry and light.
Important: cuttings like to be capricious, you must make sure that the water in the area does not stagnate, you need to water moderately. Otherwise, it may rot. After a short time interval, the root system is formed, the plant grows vividly. Cutting culture is not required.
Mezembryan at home
It is possible to grow African chamomile as an indoor culture, for this are suitable varieties Mezembryantemum tiger, Mezembryantemum white echinatum. On the window prefers only the sunny side.
The vegetation period requires moderate watering and bright diffused illumination; during the rest period, the plant does without irrigation, the temperature of the content is reduced to 10-16 ° C. It tolerates dry room air. Hot days require spraying the space around them. To make the composition luxurious and lush, you need to plant several plants in one container.
How to care for chamomile
Mesembrianteum is a relatively rare flower. Seeds are not sold everywhere; reference books for gardeners rarely mention it. But those who prefer this plant to decorate their garden, remain forever his admirers.
For the Crystal Mezembryantemma does not require special care, it is worth doing with simple rules. The southern guest prefers a slightly alkaline soil, does not suffer from a temporary drought, and tolerates heat very well.
Waterlogging during the rainy summer, spring frosts can be disastrous - the roots rot from stagnation of water, and the frost destroys the ground part. If the plantings wither, you should stop watering until the plants recover. The lack of light will lead to the stretching of the shoots, flowering weakens. An entender needs a sunny place. In the shade does not bloom. When it cools, flowering bushes are covered with covering material; when warm weather returns, the shelter is removed, then flowering will continue.
Leaving involves the introduction of fertilizing twice a month - from May to September. If you cut the stems of the plant before the cold and take it into the room, the flowering will continue even without water, thanks to the beneficial substances and moisture accumulated inside the leaves.
The African flower does not tolerate negative temperatures, so for the winter the plants are dug up, until spring they are kept without irrigation in a bright room at a temperature of + 10-12 ° C, or grown as an annual crop.
Crystal Mezembryantemum or Mesembryanthemum crystallinum Crystal Grass
Crystal Mezembryantemum or Crystal Grass Mesembryanthemum crystallinum photo
The most famous perennial gardeners. Strong shoots always sparkle "droplets", and therefore the shoots and leaves are very decorative. The tone of the flowers is the most all-possible.
- Mesembryantemum Limpopo, blooming June - October,
- Frost variety - one of the rare ones, bred by breeders,
- Mesembryantemum Sparks with large, up to 4.5 cm, leaves of yellow-white color, large shoots.
Popular varieties: Moonnet, Northern Lights, Apricot pointe shoes that do not close in cloudy weather.
Mezembryanthum in landscape design
Mesembryanthum in landscape design photo
Mezembryantemum is a real find for site design. Leaves and flowers possess tremendous decorative properties. In the shade the plant can be grown as a ground cover - there will be no luxurious flowering, but a carpet of amazing dense leaves with growths in the form of dew drops will cover the ground.
Flowers midday look interesting, so they are often planted in the foreground of compositions. Use for registration of the Alpine hills, fencings, slopes, artificial reservoirs. Crystal grass is combined with bulbous, bulbotube, tall roses, bluebells, or used to create monoclast. The main thing - do not go too far with the number of flowers, they are very bright, "take the whole look at themselves." African chamomile is cultivated as a container plant to be placed on balconies and terraces.
Important: when forming a flower garden from the Mezembryantemum, it should be noted that among the variety of crystal chamomile there are no blue shades. The void will be replaced with any other colors with this shade.
Useful properties of the mesembryantmum
Reviews on the properties of the Crystal Mezembryantemum differ. On the one hand, there is information about the use in cosmetology and cooking. African tribes grow an afternoon tea as a vegetable. Buttered stewed leaves resemble spinach.
Experts have isolated anti-wrinkle extract from crystal chamomile. Miraculous extract can not be prepared at home, boiling or insisting leaves-flowers.
From other sources, Mezembryantemum is not a pharmacopoeial plant. Due to the content of psychotropic substances, official medicine does not use this plant as a drug. Light doses of water extracts from the stems relax the muscles, contribute to the manifestation of a feeling of mild euphoria. Significant dosages are capable of provoking the appearance of visions, hallucinations, therefore the noonman is used by indigenous peoples of Africa for ritual purposes. For this reason, several states in America have legally prohibited it from growing.
Mezembryantemum - succulent of small size (about 15 cm in height). Shrubs are usually creeping or creeping. Plants of the genus Aizovyh are thermophilic, located mainly in sunny places with sand. Stems are straight, recumbent, widely branched. The leaves are dense, have a light green color, thick, oval-shaped. The lower ones are arranged diametrically, and the middle ones are spirally. The inner part of the leaves does not have chlorophyll, since it performs the function of water filling.
Mesembrianthemum flowersAs a rule, they have a terry surface, resemble chamomile in structure. Solitary or racemose inflorescences. Petals narrow, multiple. Color mezembryantmum happens:
The duration of the complex of physiological processes of sexual reproduction, occurring in flowering plants in the period from the laying of a flower to fertilization, lasts almost the entire summer period until the first cold weather.
Fruits - simple, coenycarpic, dry boxes.. Microscopic seeds, in one gram up to 3 thousand pieces.
Important! If, before the first frost, the elongated shoot (stem) of the plant is cut off and placed indoors at room temperature, flowering will occur even in the absence of water. This phenomenon is due to the fact that the stems have accumulated a sufficient amount of liquid and nutrients.
There are many types of perennial plants that can be used in the design of the suburban area. The mezembryantemum is appreciated not only by specialists, but also ordinary gardeners, thanks to its pronounced decorative properties. He can decorate any element of landscape design, whether it be a curb or a part of a house, for example, a balcony. Because of this, it is so often used for decorative purposes. There are no particular difficulties with growing a mesembryanthemum. The main thing to take care of creating optimal lighting, which is the main factor determining the quality and timing of the onset of flowering.
It is possible to meet other names. crystal mezembryantemma, for example, crystallinum, ice grass, crystal grass, ice-caster (from the Latin Mesembryanthemum crystallinum).
This is an annual plant of the family of aizovyh, common on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands, the Azores. Salt marshes, sand beaches - the habitat of crystal grass. After planting, it grows, forms a "carpet" up to 15 cm in height. Specific care is not required.
Consists of fleshy stems, on which grow greenish, small leaves with a corrugated edge. Flowers are white, pink or red in the inflorescence, which has a brush-like shape.
Mesembryantemum cereal (Mesembryanthemum tricolor) is an annual plant with branches 12 cm high. It has red stems that form a solid “carpet”. Its surface consists of hairs. The leaves are linear, fleshy, 3-5 cm long, covered with hair-papillae. The flowers have a diameter of 3.6 cm, painted in carmine-pink color with a shiny dark center.
Begins massively bloom from July to September. Dastardous duster is represented by varieties of white, salmon pink flowers. Lunette has a red center and yellow petals around it.
Mezembryantemum daisy (Mesembryanthemum criniflorum) or hair flowering is considered primary. Its flowers with a diameter of 3.5 cm come in various colors (red, yellow, apricot, pink, orange, purple). Flowers close when the weather turns gloomy. Flowering occurs throughout the summer and partly in the fall (until October).
Plant height reaches 10-15 cm, the length of the shoots that spread along the ground is 30 cm. The leaves of obovate form have a length of 7.5 cm with papillary coating.
Mesembryantemum cloudy (Mesembryanthemum nubigenum) is an evergreen, ground cover shrub 6-10 cm tall with linear, oval, 1-2 cm leaves. Another name is Delosperm. Acquires a bronze color after cooling. It is frost-resistant and characterized by non-durable flowering.
Golden yellow, red, orange, purple can fill a stemless flower with a diameter of 3.5 cm. It begins to produce flowers at the end of spring.
Growing from seed (step by step instruction)
The best cultivation of dorotheanthus from seeds occurs in March. To do this, you need to perform the following actions at home:
- Place the seeds in seedling containers, sprinkling the ground with lightly calcined sand. You can pull the film on the boxes to get a small greenhouse.
- A week later, the plant will start to emerge. But it germinates unevenly, so most seedlings will seem for 20-28 days.
- Young seedlings from mesembryanthum seeds grow slowly. When growing plants, it is better to place the containers in a lighted place and irrigate. Otherwise, the “crystal” grass will rot and die, despite the fact that it was in a comfortable home environment.
- Seedlings that are already strong and have leaves, it's time to dive into individual containers. For this it is better to use cups or other small containers.
- You can make planting in open soil only in the absence of sub-zero temperatures at night and if the soil is already warm enough. This usually happens in May. It is recommended to observe the distance between the seedlings with a length of 15 cm.
The southern plant tolerates drought and heat, in contrast to excessive moisture. An overabundance of water in the soil can be detrimental to it - there is a chance that the roots will rot. If you see the plants wither away, it is better not to water them until you get a healthy look.
Also, perennial can feel discomfort and lack of sun. Then it draws out and blooms badly. Therefore, if the requirement in good illumination will be met, an unpretentious flower can be planted where you want. Dorotheanthus requires simple care in the winter. It is best to plant a flower in a greenhouse or a room with a temperature not lower than -5 ° C. At zero temperature, the mesembryantemum may die.
Подкормка цветка подразумевает под собой двухразовое внесение удобрения в почву каждый месяц на протяжении лета.
Хрустальная трава лучше приживается на защищённых от холодных ветров участках земли. Она удачно растёт на месте, где ранее росли овощи, под которые были внесены удобрения. Before planting the Mezembryanthum is not fertilized. The flower needs care, which consists of raising, leveling and compacting the soil.
You should also save this plant from drafts, but do not forget about the mandatory circulation of air around it. The best soil for the mezembryantemum will be sandy or stone, which is equipped with a drainage system.
Diseases and pests
Perennial is not prone to disease and is resistant to pests. But, as an exception, a spider mite can attack. To cure the plant, you need to wash the leaves well with soap or dishwashing detergent. Lathering should be repeated after seven days. And it is worth holding this tool for several hours on the sick parts of the mesembryanthemma, and then wash it off.
Another way to overcome the tick is ethyl alcohol 96%. They need to moisten the cotton and wipe the leaves.
An effective remedy is garlic tincture. You need to take 2 heads of garlic, chop finely, put in a jar and pour 1 liter of water, tightly close the lid and leave for 5 days in a dark place. The tincture should be diluted 1: 1 with water and spray the painful areas of the plant.
Application in landscape design
Crystal grass is used both in garden and in landscape design for the purpose of decorating rabatok, curbs, balconies and stony slopes. As a rule, dorotheanthus is planted from the front. Mezembryantemum, planted near the stones, will look spectacular in such a composition. Container perennial placed on balconies and terraces.
Mezembryantem goes well with other colors, such as bells and roses. Dorotheanthus is versatile in landscape design. The brightness of the colors is used to border the track line.
When the bulbous flowers are already fading, the doroteanthus remains to bloom until autumn.
Due to the bright color, the mesembryantemum will become a winning addition to the artificial reservoir or hide the flaws of an unpresentable fence.
The variety of species and color, lack of difficulty in care, the decorative purpose of the flower, long flowering best talk about the benefits of this plant. A wide range of species will allow you to choose a flower that is right for you. Gardeners, flower growers and designers can widely use the mesembryantemum in any compositions for landscape design.
Vegetatively propagated and seeds.
Vegetative method is cutting. In the fall select viable cuttings, store them in a dark, cool place. In the spring they plant in the moistened soil, at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. The root system is formed very quickly in the event that does not allow overflow and rotting.
Growing from seed is the most popular way. In this case, you must follow the traditional algorithm.
- Prepare a special soil (a mixture of earth and sand, and the sand should be more).
- Sow the seeds (it is best to do this in April - May).
- Cover the planting film (film in any case should not touch the ground, be sure to monitor the accumulation of condensate, the soil should not be over-wetted).
- Maintain temperature at the level of +18 degrees.
Seeds germinate about 7-8 days after planting, the plant is well formed by day 25.
- After the emergence of shoots, transfer the box in a bright, but cooler place.
- On day 25, the plants dive (it is best to plant several seedlings in one pot).
- Planted in open ground in May, choosing a sunny place for planting, preferably a southern slope.
- The soil is well drained, sand is added, since the culture likes to “creep away”, it is best to cover the area with small pebbles (this will prevent the roots and shoots from rotting.
- The distance between plants should be from 25 to 30 cm.
The plant is quite unpretentious, but still requires a certain care:
- Be sure to provide enough light when planting (otherwise there will not be abundant flowering).
- During the growing season, the plant must be fertilized with fertilizer for succulents at least twice.
- It should be watered only in dry weather.
- When cold weather sets in, it is best to cover the plant with a special material.
- A perennial plant for the winter is best to dig out of the ground and keep at a temperature of +10 degrees.
Of the pests, the spider mite attacks most often on the mezembryantemum. At the first symptoms of the pest activity, the plant must be treated with an insecticide.
Plant use in landscape design
The plant is perfect for registration of alpine hills, borders and hedges, rabatok, slopes. It goes well with:
Its radiant flowers are simply made to give a more cheerful look to the sullen surface of stone, brick fences. Snags, paths lined with coarse stone, or sprinkled with sand, a complex relief area with numerous retaining walls are all excellent partners for a mesembryantemma. Great in modern installations of glass, concrete and metal.
The plant blooms long enough - until the middle of autumn the garden is decorated with its sunny flowers. After all summer cultures have flowered, it will continue to delight the gardener's eye.
It is quite difficult to grow plants in the northern regions, but as a decoration of loggias and balconies facing the south side, it is perfect.
Mezembryantemum looks amazing in pots and decorative flowerpots. Household cultivation rules are similar to outdoor cultivation.
Composition of herbs, Sedum prominent, which borders the Mesembryantemum. Designer - Franchesca Watson.
Types and varieties
The most popular species that is grown in culture is Crystal Mesembryantemum. Among the people such names as: crystallinum, crystal grass, crystal daisy, sparkles. This low (up to 15 cm) plant is a grassy bushy perennial.
Its leaves and shoots are covered with hairs that look like crystal drops. Flowers, similar to daisies due to thin petals, mostly red and orange tones, but there are also white.
Popular variety Harlequin has a double color orange with pink.
Limpopo is a mixture of multi-colored representatives of this species.
An interesting fact is that the view bearded mesembryantemum was used by Carl Linnaeus to create a flower clock. It was noticed that its flowers open at 7-8 in the morning.
Rest period mezembryantmum
For winter, uterine bushes are dug out, slightly cleaned from the ground and stored at a temperature of 10-12 ° C. In early March, these shrubs are planted, planting in the substrate with a large proportion of sand.
Place the cuttings in a place with good lighting, they should be rarely watered, because the probability of rotting is high. After rooting, the bushes begin to grow rapidly, but they can be planted in the open ground only after the frosts end.
Mezembrythem home care
Also mesembryantemum can be grown as a potted indoor culture, following the same rules of care as for a garden plant. It is worth noting that the air in the room with a flower should be fresh, but drafts are not allowed.
Watering is rarely needed - the top ball of the soil must have time to dry well.
Transplant is carried out as needed when there is not enough space in the pot. Pick a pot is not particularly large, so that the growth of the roots of the plant did not have much energy.
Mezembryanthum growing from seed
In addition to grafting from uterine bushes, mesembryanthum can be propagated by seed.
Sow them in late February in a loose substrate with a high content of sand. Until the sprouts appear, the sown seeds are kept under diffused light at a temperature close to 14 ° C, and after they hatch the temperature for 7 days lower to 10 ° C and increase the level of light.
When young individuals grow up, they dive into peat pots with soil, having in its composition a large proportion of sand. Watering is rarely carried out, remembering that rot with an excess of moisture can easily hit the root system of this plant. In the open ground, seedlings are planted after establishing a constant positive temperature.
Between individuals leave about 20-25 cm. It is possible to carry out sowing directly into the ground, but in this case the plants will begin to bloom later. It is impossible to give accurate advice about the time of sowing in the ground, since it depends on the climate of the region where you live, so when buying seeds, consult with sellers and specialists.