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The best varieties of cowberry garden

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If you decide to plant lingonberries in your summer cottage, you should familiarize yourself with its varieties. We will tell you what varieties of lingonberry garden is best to choose, and describe the most popular ones.

The variety is a shrub whose height is about 30 cm, the diameter of the crown is the same. It grows in raw coniferous and deciduous forest plantations, peat bogs are a good place to grow.

Important! Do not let the soil dry out - regularly perform abundant watering. If the earth is dry, the plant may die, since in its natural environment it is accustomed to be constantly in moist soil (in the swamps, in the taiga).

The fruits of the coral cowberry have a rich red color and look attractive in green foliage. They are food for birds and animals. Birds are able to distribute lingonberries by transferring undigested seeds.

The inflorescences are white flowers of regular shape with a pink tint. Flowering occurs in the period May - June. Lingonberry can be planted even in acidic, infertile soils. Among the most suitable substrates are peat and sand. The variety of cowberry "Coral", grown under the supervision of a person, has a good yield: during the season you can collect 60 kg of fruit from 1 hundred.

Switzerland is the homeland of the variety, it has a good yield: one bush can produce up to 300 g of fruits. The growth of lingonberry occurs quite rapidly, for this reason it is often used to create beautiful landscape compositions. The height of shrubs varies from 15 to 30 cm. They are characterized by branching, pomp, grow among the thick of evergreen leaves.

With one brush you can collect about 6 berries. They have a smooth skin of coral-red gloss. The fruits have a sweet and sour taste. The mass of one cranberry is about 0.4 g.

Lingonberry varieties "Sanna" does not require special care. It can grow well in shading or near larger bushes. It has good winter hardiness, is not subject to diseases.

"Red Pearl" refers to the early varieties of lingonberries, its homeland is Holland. The height of the bushes reaches 30 cm, they have a wide, spreading crown. The variety has leaves of large size, dark green color, round shape.

Cowberry fruits are quite large, reaching 12 mm in diameter. Have a round shape, burgundy color. They are distinguished by a sweet and sour taste with a slight bitterness. For the season variety can give 2 crops. Resistant to frost and can withstand temperatures up to –25 ° C.

"Ruby" refers to late-ripened lingonberry varieties. It is represented by an evergreen ground cover shrub whose height is 15–30 cm. It has small smooth elliptical leaves, painted in a dark green color. Inflorescences have a pale pink color, similar to small bells.

Flowering occurs in May and June. Fruiting falls at the end of August - early September. Berries of "Rubin" have a rounded shape, when ripe, acquire a dark red color. Good shine in the light, have a sweet and sour taste. The mass of one cranberry is about 0.25 g.

“Ruby” refers to light-loving plants; it is better to plant a variety in acidic, well-drained soil. After planting, the first harvest can be obtained after 4 years. Berries have a rich chemical composition, so they are often used in the preparation of infusions and decoctions.

It is presented by low spherical bushes no more than 30 cm high. Their foliage has emerald green color. Ammerland has a high yield: 300 g of fruits with a sweet-sour taste are collected from one bush. They have a light red color and large size (1.1 cm in diameter). Fruiting occurs twice per season: in July and early September.

For planting fit well-lit lawns that are far from large trees that create shade. The above-ground part of the bushes grows fairly quickly, resulting in beautiful compact bushes.

The variety was obtained as a result of the work of Polish breeders from a wild-growing bush. Refers to the evergreen, there is always foliage on the bush. The plant's height is about 30 cm. The fruits are quite small, the weight of one lingonberry is only 0.25 g. The variety has a low yield - only 40 g of fruits are harvested from one shrub.

Important! Be sure to regularly weed and remove weeds around the base of the bush. They take away the useful substances necessary for the plant, as a result of which the fruits grow small.

However, despite the dullness, the berries have a pleasant sweet-sour taste. Fruiting falls around mid-autumn. Fruits are colored burgundy.

Bred by Swedish scientists, was named in honor of the famous breeder. It is represented by tall bushes with a strong main shoot and underdeveloped peripheral ones. Plant height is 25 cm. The foliage is quite large. Flowering begins early, sometimes repeated in the autumn.

The fruiting period falls on the second half of the summer. Fruits of the variety have a size of about 0.45 cm. Painted in bright scarlet color, have a sweet-sour taste with bitterness. The yield of one bush at the age of 3 years is 150 grams of berries per season. Lingney "Lingonberry" is frost resistant. In the absence of snow, it can survive frosts down to –15 ° С. It is recommended to plant the plant in sour peat soil with good drainage.

"Kostromichka"

Belongs to the early ripe varieties of lingonberries. Represented by vigorous, compressed shrub with green middle shoots. On one fruit brush there are about 7 berries. Fruits of medium size and mass (0.28 g) have a rounded shape, are colored in burgundy, taste is sweet and sour, and have no flavor. The plant has good frost resistance, able to withstand cold to –15 ° C.

The height of the shrub is 14–19 cm, fruiting occurs in mid-August. Productivity - 0.95–2.4 kg / sq. m

"Erntzegen" is the most large-fruited variety. The diameter of the fruit is 1-1.5 cm. The height of the bushes can reach 40 cm, they have flexible long shoots, long large leaves. The berries are painted in light red color, have a pleasant taste. Often they make jam, make jams, marmalade and other delicacies.

It has a good yield: 200 g of berries are collected from one shrub. But in most cases, this variety is used to create beautiful landscape compositions.

The growth of the average shrub of this variety is 25 cm. The fruits are colored dark red, characterized by a rich, sweet-sour taste. "Erntkrone" refers to large-fruited varieties - the mass of one lingonberry is 40-50 g.

When planting shrubs in well-lit areas can significantly increase the amount of the crop. Proper care of the plant will allow harvesting 2 times per season. The variety has good frost resistance, is immune to diseases and pests. In this article we told you what lingonberry looks like, presented the most common varieties and gave a description of them. Having planted lingonberries in your plot, you will not only acquire a storehouse of useful vitamins, but also decorate the garden with an unusual beautiful shrub.

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Lingonberry garden: planting and care, cultivation and photo varieties

Since ancient times, people really appreciate such a bush as lingonberries. This berry is found in multiple recipes of delicious dishes, as well as using bilberry leaves, shoots and berries, various decoctions are created for certain health problems. It mainly grows in the taiga, forest-steppe areas, deciduous mixed forests, as well as in the coniferous forest area. Today, the cultivation of lingonberries with great success is carried out on home plots. To do this, it is important to familiarize yourself with the features of its cultivation and care. It is also worthwhile to decide on the type of lingonberry, as today there is a huge variety of it, besides, remontant varieties were bred This allows you to get high yields with minimal time and effort.

The lingonberry plant is a small perennial shrub of the Heather family, of the Vaccinium genus (Vaccinium vitis idea), up to 25 cm high, sometimes there are varieties reaching 40 cm high. The color of lingonberries becomes bright red. This color and determined the name of this berry, since it has long been called “bruzvyany”, which means “red”. Cranberries are harvested from late summer to early fall. Taste berries have a sweet and sour. The root system is located horizontally and branchy stems rise from it. A mycelium is located around the root system, which drains mineral elements from the earth and nourishes the roots. In the shrub roots can reach up to 3 meters to the side. The leaves are shiny, dark green. With the onset of winter, the plant does not shed its foliage, but retains it under a layer of snow. The flowers of this plant are similar to small bells, have a white color with a pink tinge. They are pollinated by bees, bumblebees, and lingonberries are also self-pollinating. Flowering occurs in late spring and continues until early summer.

Planting cranberries

Choosing a place and soil for planting should be aware of important factors. Lingonberry light-requiring, which means that the site should be well lit. In the shade the plant will suffer, bloom badly, which consequently adversely affect the yield. Also plant shrub important on a flat area. If there are irregularities and depressions at the landing site, moisture will accumulate there and the soil may freeze. Peat soils are ideal for planting.

Lingonberry garden likes quite acidic soil, so it is necessary to create soil acidity from 3.0 to 5.0 pH. A shrub planted in peat soil will grow and bear fruit better. Do not fit heavy loam and clay medium. It is better to choose places with light sandy soil.

The composition of the soil can be prepared independently. For this it is necessary to mix peat, some sand (5 parts of peat have 2 parts of sand), sawdust, pine needles. On a flat plot, prepare a place, remove all weeds for this, dig a 30-cm-deep piece of land 1.5 meters wide. Add the prepared soil to it, after which it should be compacted and irrigated with acidified water (1 spoon of citric acid for 3 litas of water). In addition, lingonberries are fertilized with sulfur, 50 grams per 1 square meter. meter. As a fertilizer, the plant does not tolerate humus or compost.

The lingonberry, which is planted by ready-made seedlings, is placed according to a pattern of 30 by 30. It is necessary to plant a seedling to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. Next, lingonberries watered and mulch sawdust or needles. This mulch will contribute to soil oxidation, which is favorable for this plant. Lingonberry garden, planting and care of which is carried out in the spring, planting is also possible in the fall.

It is very convenient to plant a seedling with a finished root system, since they are already fully adapted. Repotting into the ground, you should not destroy the clod of earth in which it is located, so the already strong roots will not be damaged. Such plants do not suffer during transplantation.

Lingonberry care

Lingonberry is very important to water, because it is a moisture-loving plant. During the week, watering should be carried out 2-3 times. The best option in hot weather will be sprinkling. As well as other cultures, it is necessary to weed, removing weeds. Over time, the shrub thickens, so you need to thin out the plant on time (approximately once every 5 years). From time to time it is necessary to loosen the soil. Lingonberry does not tolerate strong winds, so you should take care to protect the shrub. For this, juniper or pine planted next to them may be suitable. Such protection from winds will contribute to the good work of pollinators, the site will warm up better, and the moisture will not evaporate so quickly. All these factors will favorably affect ripening, and the berry will delight you with its abundant harvest.

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Although the lingonberry shrub receives enough mineral elements, it is important to use fertilizers to get a good harvest. But in any case should not use large doses. Apply several visits when using small doses. Nitrogen fertilizers: urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate. Phosphate fertilizers include superphosphate. Potassium fertilizers are also used - potassium sulfate. For lingonberry is useful to use trace elements such as manganese, copper, zinc and boron. In the first year of planting shrubs using copper.

Mulching

Mulching helps to keep moisture well. As already mentioned above, fallen needles, sawdust, straw can be used as mulch. Mulch is laid with a layer height of 3 cm. Also, mulch helps to effectively combat overgrowing of the plot with weeds.

Cowberry breeding

Good material for expanding cowberry possessions is the cuttings that were obtained as a result of trimming thickened bushes. The cuttings are pruned from the stiff parts of the stem. The cutting should be about 8 cm long. We plant the finished cutting on peaty-sandy soil, leaving three buds on the surface. After two years, the cuttings will harden well and they can be planted in open ground on your own plot. The next year after planting, you can get a harvest.

The most guaranteed option would be to buy ready-made nursery seedlings.

Reproduction by seeds is also possible. To do this, it is necessary to collect seeds from a well-ripened berry and plant in the ground in winter. By the spring, a strong and healthy seedling will be ready. But germination in this form of reproduction is up to 50% and no more.

But you can use such an interesting approach. We take a very ripe berry and put in the refrigerator for a period of 4 months. Then we plant in the prepared soil (a mixture of sand and peat). After a couple of weeks you will notice the first shoots. After another three weeks, the seedlings are ready for transplanting into the open ground.

Lingonberry bushes can be observed some diseases. The affected plant has very small leaves and there are very few flowers on such a bush. To avoid such a problem in your garden, you can only carefully choosing seedlings. If you notice small leaves on the planting material, discard their landing. It is impossible to get rid of this kind of disease, you will have to completely remove the affected bushes from the site. It is also possible the emergence of insects such as leafworms. They eat the buds, thereby destroying the flowers and the ovaries of the berries. In the fight against these insects helps solution Bordeaux liquid.

Growing lingonberries is not so difficult if you remember the rules of caring for it. It will bring a lot of joy, and most importantly health benefits.

Coral cowberry

The homeland of this variety is Holland. A bush in the form of a ball, up to 30 cm high. It begins to harvest from the second year after planting. During the season, it blooms and harvests twice, in July and September, in September, most of the harvest is accounted for.

This variety is good because it can withstand spring frosts down to -3. In winter, it brings frost down to -30. Gives a very abundant harvest, and the berries are quite large in size, weighing about 220 mg, dark red in color, taste sweet and sour. The leaves are smooth, leathery. White flowers.

The height of this shrub is about 25 cm. It bears fruit twice a season. The berries are round, dark red in color.

Originally from Sweden. It has quite large berries, up to 400 mg, and about 300 g of berries can be harvested from one bush.

Refers to undersized, up to 20 cm in height. Harvest up to 40 g per bush. The berries are very tasty, dark red.

"Kostroma pink"

The plant reaches a height of 15 cm. It begins to yield in the middle of August, the berries have a pink color. Cold-resistant, survives to -33, and in the absence of snow cover, to -15.

We grow tsar-berry lingonberries in the open ground: tips on farming

Interest in this wild berry, the favorite of rural doctors, in the middle of the last century resulted in a successful attempt to cultivate the plant, as a result of which the lingonberry appeared at our disposal. The proposed article discusses the nuances of growing crops in the open field, from planting to use in landscape design. Following the recommendations for the care of varietal lingonberries will always have on hand the healthiest berries.

Varieties and varieties of lingonberries: what to choose

To turn the wild-growing lingonberries into a garden plant began in Sweden and Finland, so most varieties are of European origin and foreign standards of care.

The following varieties are most suitable for cultivation in open ground:

  • Coral - harvested, decorative, bears beautiful curved shoots resembling currants, can give up to 1 kg of berries from a bush,
  • Linnaeus - plants are low, but with large leaves, berries differ interesting notes of sweetness and bitterness,
  • Mazovia is a low-growing cultivar used as a ground cover plant.
  • Ruby - selected for the size of the berries, which reach 12 mm, the bushes are large and have excellent frost resistance.

Среди разновидностей растения выделяют две: ремонтантные сорта, дающие два урожая в год, например Коралл и Рубин, а также все остальные, способные только на одну генерацию ягод.

Council Брусника долго идет к своей зрелости, поэтому наберитесь терпения ждать первого значимого урожая не менее четырех лет.

Посадка растения: состав почвы и особые условия

В природе брусника живет на достаточно кислых, хорошо увлажненных почвах. Like other heather (cranberry, blueberry), its roots do not alone cope with the task of providing the plant with water. But it turns out well in soil fungi, with which lingonberry comes into symbiosis - mutually beneficial cohabitation. Therefore, the best soil for the plant - taken from under the natural lingonberry and therefore rich in the mycelium of the desired type.

For planting it is better to purchase bushes with a closed root system. They will take root better, because the roots will not be damaged, and the soil ball is already populated with the necessary fungi. Planting is made in April-May and for a couple of weeks they cover the seedlings with film on the frame.

The planting pattern is determined not so much by the needs of the plants, which, anyway, will soon tighten the rows, as by the convenience of the gardener. The aisles are organized from 30 to 50 cm, the distance between the seedlings is from 15 to 30 cm. If the site is located on a bog or transitional swamp, the bushes can be placed less frequently, and for quick closing of the crowns on decorative flower beds - more often.

Proper care for lingonberry - a pledge of a stable harvest

To get sturdy, rich in vitamins and microelements berries in open ground, do not provide lingonberries to itself. During the growing season, agrotechnical care operations must be performed, the most important of which are listed below.

Lingonberry needs mulching

  1. Mulching. A thick layer of conifer wood chips can cope with weeds without the use of herbicides or grueling hand weed.
  2. Watering. Lingonberry is moisture-loving, however, an excess of water in the soil and the surface layer of air is unfavorable to it, as it provokes fungal diseases. If it is possible to organize drip irrigation in the open field, it is worth using it.
  3. Competent wind protection. The absence of a strong cold wind allows the lingonberry to ripen earlier, but planting a solid wall of trees around the plots is not necessary for the plants to be aired after rains or watering.
  4. Crop. Starting from about seven years old, lingonberries are periodically subjected to rejuvenating pruning, which has a very beneficial effect on plant longevity and crop quality.
Council Adding 4-5 cm of mulch in the fall in the care of lingonberry will protect the plant from bulging out of the soil.

Fertilizer and lingonberry feed

Used to grow on high-moor peatlands, lingonberries do not need a lot of fertilizer. After the snow has disappeared, on the basis of one hundred square meters, they contribute no more:

  • ammonium sulfate - 0.5 kg,
  • potassium sulfate - 1 kg,
  • superphosphate - 1.8 kg.

Before flowering repeat the introduction of ammonium sulfate in the same dose, and during flowering add 0.1 kg of manganese sulfate and zinc. On the planting of the first year must make copper sulfate. Periodic feeding can be carried out using complex granular fertilizer Ogrod 2001, designed specifically for heather crops. Excellent results are obtained by combining fertilizing and mulching with sand.

Cowberry diseases and pests

When growing cultivated lingonberries, the gardener most often faces the following problems:

  • exobazidiosis, which is expressed in the growth and whitening of the shoots,
  • sclerotinia, causing mummification of berries,
  • monilioz, leading to shrinkage of the plant.

These fungal diseases require triple treatment with Bordeaux mixture with a frequency of 2-3 weeks and prevention of waterlogging.

Lingonberry pests are mainly represented by leaflets, gnawing young leaves, flowers and ovaries. However, due to the small areas of lingonberry plantations, pests have not been widely distributed at present.

Lingonberry will look good on an alpine hill

Lingonberry Combination with Other Garden Crops

Low-growing evergreen lingonberries, as seen in the photo, looks particularly colorful on the Alpine hills and as a framing of the tracks. In the spring, it will immediately refresh the garden with bright greenery immediately after the snow melts. On the red bilberry carpet, richly decorated with scarlet drops of berries, dark junipers and other conifers, as well as high heathers, look spectacular. Gorgeous compositions of romantic wooden benches and narrow curved rabatok with fruiting lingonberries.

This plant is still gaining popularity among gardeners, so now it can not only revive low-lying corners of the garden and serve as a source of culinary inspiration, but also surprise neighbors and relatives with its unexpected presence in a country estate.

Growing cowberries: photo

Agricultural machinery lingonberry garden and its best varieties for growing

Agricultural technology lingonberries, varieties and basic rules of care will be disclosed in this article.

Lingonberry is a shrub up to 40 cm tall with powerful branched roots. This small shrub is found in coniferous and deciduous forests, as well as forest tundra and marshland.

Lingonberry berries have a bright red color, or as they said before - purple, lingonberry. It is for the color of the fruit shrub and got its name.

Growing lingonberries began recently - about 40 years ago, but to date, the culture already has more than 20 varieties. The creation of varieties involved in Scandinavia, Germany and the United States. Some varieties are obtained in Russia, and they are not inferior in quality to foreign ones.

Due to the fact that lingonberry is an evergreen shrub, it is often used as garden landscaping. A neat shrub with small shiny dark green leaves is often used to design a garden or as a hedge.

The plant blooms in late spring - early summer with small white and pink flowers. Berries ripen at the end of the summer.

When choosing a place for planting it is necessary to take into account the location and characteristics of the soil. The site should be well lit and located away from water or near groundwater location. The plant prefers more peat soils with a pH of 3.0-5.0. Sandy soil may be a good alternative, but other types of soil are unsuitable for shrubs.

Lingonberry demanding watering. Within a week, the plant should receive moisture 2-3 times. In hot weather, sprinkling is recommended. It is necessary to monitor the weeds and carry out weeding on time. When loosening the soil mulch does not need to be removed.

Lingonberry does not like strong winds, so it can be planted next to coniferous trees to protect it as much as possible from the weather.

The shrub can ache with some fungal diseases. The most frequent of them are exobasidiosis and rust. Diseased plants no longer develop and may die. When a disease is detected, lingonberries are treated with fungicides, and the affected areas are removed.

The start of fruiting cowberries will depend on the quality of the seedlings. Under favorable conditions, lingonberries can bear fruit in the year of planting, but a good harvest should be expected not earlier than the 3rd year.

Conditions for planting lingonberry garden

The conditions for planting lingonberries are quite simple and do not require special skills. The selected area must be cleared of weeds and other debris. The soil must be enriched with fertilizers. For lingonberry well suitable nitrogen, potash and phosphate fertilizers.

Important: Lingonberry badly reacts to chlorine-containing fertilizers, and manure is categorically contraindicated to it.

A landing pit is dug about 30 cm deep. The width of the pit should be about 1.2 meters. This is necessary given that the roots of lingonberries are horizontal and develop well in breadth. To fill the pit, peat is mixed with coarse sand in a ratio of 1: 3. It is important that the landing hole is not in the recess. If the need arises, the bed can be raised, especially if the groundwater is close. The bottom of the pit is lined with gravel or rubble. This will help eliminate the problem of water stagnation and saturate the soil with oxygen.

Lingonberry planting is carried out in the spring.

It is best to buy seedlings in the nursery - with a closed root system. This will provide an opportunity to carry out planting throughout the growing season. Plants adapt well to a new place regardless of their age. Nursery conditions allow you to grow a healthy plant with a high survival rate.

It is possible to plant lingonberries both in rows, and by belt planting. The density of the series depends on the conditions and fertility of the soil.

After planting, the bush should be mulched with peat about 4 cm and watered. Soil moisture should be maintained within 60-70%.

The following year, after planting, new bushes grow from shoots, which gradually merge. For 4 years you can carry out preventive pruning.

Description of lingonberry

On a small evergreen shrub, covered with bright red berries, beads, pleasing the eye in the dreary autumn season, there are legends. One of them tells about a swallow, which, having obtained drops of living water, was in a hurry to bring them to people, in order to bestow immortality. But her plans were upset by an evil wasp that stung a bird. The swallow spilled precious moisture on the ground, and she fell on the cedar, pine and lingonberries that grew under them. Since then, these plants have become the embodiment of eternal life, because they do not lose their green outfit neither in winter nor in summer.

Lingonberry, not losing green leaves all year round, has become the personification of eternal life

Lingonberry - a resident of the harsh edges. Its habitats stretch across the tundra zone, mixed, coniferous and deciduous forests, peat bogs, it is found on treeless tops of Siberian hills and alpine meadows.

Lingonberry shrub is tiny, its raised branchy shoots grow from 5 to 25 cm. Rhizome thin, horizontally located, creeping. The leaves are alternately, often. Their length is from 0.5 to 3 cm, width is only 1.5 cm. The surface is leathery, dark green above and shiny, matt below and lighter below. The shape of the leaf plate is obovate or elliptical, the edges are solid, curved. The peculiarity of the plant is located on the lower side of the leaf-shaped formations capable of absorbing moisture.

Lingonberry - a miniature plant

Lingonberry is a vivid example of plant and fungus symbiosis. Threadlike mycelium twines around the roots of the berry. The fungus draws nutrients from the soil and transfers them to the cranberries. Therefore, white bloom from the roots of the plant is not necessary to remove.

Flowering occurs in May - June. During this period, a delicate aroma is felt over the cranberry glade. 10 or 20 flowers, the corollas of which are painted in porcelain-white or pale pink color, sit on short pedicels. The whole bunch is assembled in a drooping brush. Bell-like flowers look very beautiful against the backdrop of brilliant green.

Small, porcelain-white flowers of lingonberries are collected in a bunch of flowers

Cowberry fruits resemble a ball up to 8 mm in diameter. Ripe berries are covered with shiny red skin, and at the beginning of ripening they are greenish-white. The flesh contains a large number of red-brown, very small seeds. The taste of lingonberries is sweet and sour, with a slight bitterness, juicy.

Surviving the first frosts, lingonberry berries become soft and watery. For transportation in this form, they are no longer suitable. Under the snow they can hang on the branches until spring, but with the onset of heat they fall off from the slightest touch.

Cowberry fruits are shaped like a ball

Lingonberry from ancient times is used as a medicine. Raw materials are the leaves and berries. Lingonberry is very popular in the treatment of kidneys as a diuretic, helps in the fight against gout, rheumatism, reduces blood sugar levels. Lingonberry is used in cosmetology. Broth leaves helps get rid of dandruff, helps to restore skin tone, strengthens it and returns elasticity.

The cultivation of plants first began to engage in the XVIII century. But truly massive cultivation on an industrial scale was undertaken only in 1960 in the United States and Europe. And in Russia, the first plantations appeared in the 80s. It is a pity that in the garden plots the useful berry is a very rare guest. But breeders have carried out painstaking work on the creation of new varieties of lingonberries, which, unlike the wild-growing ancestor, have large berries with high taste and more fruitful fruit.

In the USA and Europe, lingonberries have been grown on an industrial scale since 1960

Popular domestic and foreign varieties of lingonberries

Lingonberry garden differs from the wild-growing mass of positive characteristics, one of which is remanufacturing - the ability to re-or repeatedly bloom and bear fruit during one growing season. In addition, the size and, correspondingly, the mass of a berry of a cultivated plant is much larger than that of a forest dweller. And if you take the yield indicator, the cultivated plants with 1 weave yield 20, and sometimes 30 times more berries than ordinary ones.

Cowberry varieties

There are mostly foreign ones on sale. In Western Europe and North America there are its industrial plantations and many varieties of lingonberry have been developed, much more productive and large-fruited compared to wild berries.

Moscow region nursery and garden centers offer the following varieties of lingonberries: Dutch - Coral (Corall) and Red Pearl (Red Pearl), German - Ernte Segen (Emte Segen) and Ernte Krone (Emte Krone), Swedish - Sana (Sana) and Sussi (Sussi ), as well as the Polish variety Mazovia (Masovia).

Planting material in pots at a price of 500 rubles / pcs.

Our Kostroma varieties - Kostromichka, Kostroma pink, Ruby - are less fruitful and the berries are not so large, but the plants are less demanding to the growing conditions and take root in the garden plots better.

Cranberry crop can reach 2 kg / m2. Some varieties yield 2 crops per season.

Soil preparation

In nature, lingonberry grows well only on sour sandy soils (pH 3.5-5.5) and on peatlands, so the soil for it must be prepared specially in autumn. The exception is peat soil, it is enough to simply dig and fertilize before planting: 20 g of ammonium nitrate, 40 g of double superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate / m2.

Sandy soil is mixed with top peat (1: 1) and filled with phosphate and potash fertilizers. On loam they bring peat and sand, 30 kg / m2 each, which are mixed with the ground and also filled with mineral fertilizers.

On heavy loam for lingonberries they dig a groove about 20 cm deep and about 70 cm wide. It is filled with peat mixed with coarse-grained river sand (5: 1) and fertilizers.

In preparing the beds carefully choose rhizomes of perennial weeds.

The potential of lingonberries begins to unfold even when transplanting the hummocks with lingonberries to the garden plot from the forest. With good care, thanks to watering and fertilizing, the number of fruitful shoots, the number of berries in the hands and their size increases.

If the task is to dissolve the lingonberries in the area, a well-lit place is selected for it - open or in a very light lace shade.

The best term for planting lingonberries is the end of April. Planting material is taken from the forest in early spring, before new shoots start to grow.

Plants are planted to a depth of 7-8 cm, compacted the ground around the bushes, watered and mulched with sand, peat or lay sawdust. The soil on the lingonberry, at least for the first time, should always be kept under a layer of mulch and weed out. In dry weather, watering is carried out - up to 20 liters of water / m2.

Lingonberry grows quickly. After 2-3 years of planting, they are already a solid carpet of uneven-aged plants.

From now on, they must be periodically thinned out. Removable bushes can be used as planting material.

Cowberry is practically not affected by diseases and pests. But still on the plants can attack heather leaf beetle and moths. Of diseases, phytophlorous rot and rust are often encountered. With a focal lesion, problem plants can simply be cut off at ground level.

Lingonberry in garden design

Lingonberry can be grown not only to obtain berries, but also as an ornamental plant. It looks great in the compositions on the alpine slide, along the tracks near the house or gazebo.

It can also be planted in containers. Since lingonberries are an evergreen plant, plantings do not lose their decorative effect the whole season.

Original will look compositions from several varieties of lingonberries, differing in height of the bush and the color of the berries, as well as the timing of flowering and fruiting.

Medicinal properties and contraindications

During the difficult years, lingonberries often helped people survive, and when its unique chemical composition was studied, it turned out that it is a powerful source of antioxidants necessary for our body.

Lingonberry leaf has a strong healing effect. Collect only wintered shoots of lingonberry during budding, until the beginning of flowering. If late, the leaves darken when dried, and the young leaves of the shoots of the current year turn black. Another collection is possible after ripening berries. Medicinal raw materials should be collected only in environmentally safe places, as the plant is capable of accumulating radionuclides and heavy metals.

Sweet and sour lingonberry ripens in August - September, but it is harvested before frost. The berries contain a lot of benzoic acid, which protects them from damage. Since ancient times in Russia, lingonberries have been stored by simply flooding with spring water.

В народной медицине ягоды применяют как противоцинготное и общеукрепляющее средство, для профилактики авитаминоза, а также при лечении подагры, артрита и легких форм гипертонии. Сок брусники известен как надежное успокаивающее средство.

В народной медицине брусничный лист используют как вяжущее, мочегонное, противовоспалительное, противогнилостное и антисептическое средство. Его часто заваривают как чай, обладающий иммуностимулирующим и кровоочистительным действием.

Lingonberry is a traditional berry in cooking of all northern peoples. It can be served throughout the long winter with minimal culinary processing without loss of vitamins, enzymes and trace elements.

However, cranberries should be treated with caution in people with increased gastric secretion. Eating berries in large quantities can lead to diarrhea and indigestion. It is also contraindicated in cholecystitis, gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer. The use of lingonberry should be restricted to people suffering from hypotension. Berries and juice can trigger a sharp drop in blood pressure.

Varieties of garden cranberries

If you decide to plant lingonberries in your summer cottage, you should familiarize yourself with its varieties. We will tell you what varieties of lingonberry garden is best to choose, and describe the most popular ones.

The variety is a shrub whose height is about 30 cm, the diameter of the crown is the same. It grows in raw coniferous and deciduous forest plantations, peat bogs are a good place to grow.

The inflorescences are white flowers of regular shape with a pink tint. Flowering occurs in the period May - June. Lingonberry can be planted even in sour, poor soil. Among the most suitable substrates are peat and sand. The variety of cowberry "Coral", grown under the supervision of a person, has a good yield: during the season you can collect 60 kg of fruit from 1 hundred.

Switzerland is the homeland of the variety, it has a good yield: one bush can produce up to 300 g of fruits. The growth of lingonberry occurs quite rapidly, for this reason it is often used to create beautiful landscape compositions. The height of shrubs varies from 15 to 30 cm. They are characterized by branching, pomp, grow among the thick of evergreen leaves.

With one brush you can collect about 6 berries. They have a smooth skin of coral-red gloss. The fruits have a sweet and sour taste. The mass of one cranberry is about 0.4 g.

Cowberry varieties "Sanna" It does not require special care. It can grow well in shading or near larger bushes. It has good winter hardiness, is not subject to diseases.

"Red Pearl" refers to the early varieties of lingonberries, its homeland is Holland. The height of the bushes reaches 30 cm, they have a wide, spreading crown. The variety has leaves of large size, dark green color, round shape.

Cowberry fruits are quite large, reaching 12 mm in diameter. Have a round shape, burgundy color. They are distinguished by a sweet and sour taste with a slight bitterness. For the season variety can give 2 crops. Frost resistant and is able to withstand temperatures up to –25 ° C.

"Ruby" refers to late-ripened lingonberry varieties. It is represented by an evergreen ground cover shrub whose height is 15–30 cm. It has small smooth elliptical leaves, painted in a dark green color. Inflorescences have a pale pink color, similar to small bells.

"Ruby" refers to light-loving plants, it is better to plant a variety in acidic well-drained soil. After planting, the first harvest can be obtained after 4 years. Berries have a rich chemical composition, so they are often used in the preparation of infusions and decoctions.

It is presented by low spherical bushes no more than 30 cm high. Their foliage has emerald green color. Ammerland has a high yield: 300 g of fruits with a sweet-sour taste are collected from one bush. They have a light red color and large size (1.1 cm in diameter). Fruiting occurs twice per season: in July and early September.

For planting fit well-lit lawns that are far from large trees that create shade. The above-ground part of the bushes grows fairly quickly, resulting in beautiful compact bushes.

The variety was obtained as a result of the work of Polish breeders from a wild-growing bush. Refers to the evergreen, there is always foliage on the bush. Plant height is about 30 cm. The fruits are quite small, the weight of one lingonberry is only 0.25 g. The variety has low yields. - from one bush only 40 g of fruits are collected.

Bred by Swedish scientists, was named in honor of the famous breeder. It is represented by tall bushes with a strong main shoot and underdeveloped peripheral ones. Plant height is 25 cm. The foliage is quite large. Flowering begins early, sometimes repeated in the autumn.

The fruiting period falls on the second half of the summer. Fruits of the variety have a size of about 0.45 cm. Painted in bright scarlet color, have a sweet-sour taste with bitterness. The yield of one bush at the age of 3 years is 150 grams of berries per season. Cowberry "Linnaeus" resistant to frost. In the absence of snow, it can survive frosts down to –15 ° С. It is recommended to plant the plant in sour peat soil with good drainage.

Agricultural technology of growing lingonberries

Growing lingonberries at home is not at all difficult. It is only necessary to adhere to certain rules.

If you decide to plant lingonberries on your plot, you should consider the following nuances:

  • for planting use young - one or two years - plants,
  • lingonberry does not like heavily fertilized soil
  • favorable conditions for the growth and development of plants have only loose and acidic soils with a pH of 3–4.5,
  • it is advisable to prepare the soil yourself, be sure to include in its composition high-moor peat, coarse sand, pine litter and pine bark,
  • the land in which the lingonberry grows must be acidified periodically,
  • the landing place should be even, well lit and slightly blown by the wind, especially after rain or watering, so that excessive evaporation does not provoke fungal diseases. The ideal option would be to place lingonberries next to a hedge of pines or juniper. Such natural protection from strong winds will contribute to the active work of pollinating insects,
  • the groundwater level should be 60 cm below the surface.

  • distance between bushes - 25–30 cm,
  • row spacing - up to 40 cm
  • landing depth - 10–15 cm.

Watering, loosening and mulching

First you need to know that the cowberry surface root system, which in the loose soil dries very quickly. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain soil moisture at a very high level - not less than 70%. This is achieved by the frequency of watering at least 1 time per week. In an especially hot period, water should be watered more often: up to 2-3 times in 7 days. But at the same time, frequent waterlogging or flooding of cowberry plantings can stop the access of oxygen to the roots, which will not slow down affect the health of the plant.

During the ripening of the second wave of the crop on the remontant varieties there is a deposit of flower buds of the future crop. And it was during this period that the lingonberry most needed watering.

Sprinkling is the best method for cowberries, but on condition that the site is well ventilated. You only need to spend it early in the morning or in the evening so that the wet leaves are not affected by the sun. In addition to sprinkling, you can use drip irrigation. Water consumption rate per 1 m2 - not more than 10 liters.

If the area where the lingonberry grows is well ventilated, the plant will like sprinkling

Landings need frequent, but careful loosening, eliminating weeds. But digging can not be carried out. In addition, be sure to use mulch, which will help retain a sufficient amount of moisture. For mulch on peaty soils, use coarse sand or fine gravel. For sand, the best choice is pine sawdust and needles, peat.

Lingonberry bushes must necessarily be mulched

Feeding cranberries

As already mentioned, lingonberry does not like rich soil. Therefore, fertilizing the plant, do not get carried away. The rule here is that it is better to underfeed than to feed. An overuse of nutrients can lead to lower yields, leaf shedding and stunting.

All your favorite organics in the form of manure or bird dung for lingonberry is not suitable. It contains a large amount of nitrogen, which can burn sensitive roots. In addition, organic matter cleaves the soil, which leads to chlorosis, and then to the death of the plant. Potassium chloride is also contraindicated.

Fertilizing lingonberry should be dealt with no earlier than 3 years after planting, when the berries enter fruiting season. When choosing fertilizers, give preference to mineral compounds. To feed with nitrogen, choose urea, ammonium nitrate, or ammonium sulfate. Also not to do without potassium sulfate and superphosphate. Manganese, boron, zinc and copper are necessary for plants growing on peat soils.

Mineral fertilizers are applied only in liquid form in pre-moistened plantings.

Table: fertilization

Instead of the listed fertilizers, you can use the complex, for example, Kemira or Kemira Universal.

Experienced gardeners instead of fertilizers regularly make high peat, distributing it over the soil surface in plantings.

Unfortunately, organic fertilizers for lingonberries are not suitable

Lingonberry treatment for diseases and pests

Lingonberry has strong immunity and is resistant to many types of diseases and pests. But with excessive humidity, combined with high air temperature, fungal infections are possible.

  1. Exobazidiosis. The disease affects shoots, leaves and flowers. In addition to the deformation of the leaves, the symptom is a change in their color. The leaf plate becomes pink, whitish patches of fungal spores appear on it. Bordeaux fluid is used to stop the spread of the disease. Spraying is carried out 3-4 times with a weekly interval. Affected plants will have to cut and burn.
  2. Sclerotony. First of all, the fruits are affected. They shrivel and mummify. They fight the disease with Bordeaux liquid in the spring, before the leaves bloom, and in the fall, after they fall. Spend 2–3 treatments. You can use a 0.2% solution Zuparena - 3 spraying at intervals of one week before flowering and the same after harvesting. Fallen sick berries pick up and destroy.
  3. Rust. The leaves are covered with dark orange spots. To cope with the disease, carry out 2-3 processing Bordeaux fluid before the leafing and after shedding. Collect and burn all fallen leaves.

Cases of pest infestation are rare, and there is no appreciable damage to plant growth and yield. Among insects, leaf-eating species were observed - caterpillars-volnyanka, leaf-beetles, lisperies. As a rule, at the beginning of detection they are collected by hands. Also, lingonberries can be attacked by aphid and shchitovka. They are fought with insecticides, in accordance with the instructions and only when absolutely necessary.

Photo gallery: possible diseases and pests

This procedure is carried out to rejuvenate plantings when the lingonberry is 7–10 years old. Removing most of the old shoots, you maintain the productivity of the bushes. Landing themselves become more durable.

Pruning can be carried out throughout the growing season. But the best time is still the early spring, when the movement of juices has not yet begun. Long shoots are shortened by a third, and old ones are cut. At the same time on the bush must be a few twigs. And the cuttings obtained after pruning will serve as an excellent planting material and will help to expand the plantation.

Reproduction stem cuttings

  1. In early spring, before the beginning of sap flow, or in late autumn, cuttings with a length of at least 5 cm are cut with the help of a secateur.
  2. Soil mixture is prepared from 2 parts of peat and 1 part of sand. Mixed soil is poured into the container and moistened.
  3. Before planting, the cuttings are soaked for several hours in a growth stimulator solution (you can do without it).
  4. The lower cut of the cuttings is immersed in the substrate, leaving at least 2–3 buds above the surface.
  5. In order to maintain high humidity, containers with cuttings are covered with a package, creating a greenhouse with a temperature of + 25 ° C inside the microclimate.
  6. Landings are periodically aired and sprinkled with water.
  7. During the growing season, the cuttings acquire the root system. The following year, they are safely relocated to a permanent place.

Reproduction root segments

The procedure is carried out only if the plot of rhizome has growth buds or shoots. This method of breeding lingonberries is suitable for the end of April or the beginning of May.

  1. To rooting was successful, prepare the bed, which is filled with sand and peat substrate in proportions of 1: 3 or 1: 2.
  2. Ten-centimeter grooves are made in the substrate and moisten the surface.
  3. Planted pieces of rhizome, covered with soil and watered again.
  4. Above the bed, be sure to install the wire arcs and cover the landing with covering material.
  5. During the month, watered, not allowing the drying of the substrate. After rooting, shelter can be removed, but watering should be carried out regularly. Young plants that grow stronger by the end of the growing season, leave to winter in the garden.
  6. To transplant to a permanent place lingonberries grown from root segments, will be ready in a year or two.

Rhizome having shoots can be divided into parts

Reproduction partial or affiliated bushes

From formed under the cowberry underground rhizome shoots - stolons - young plants are formed. They are associated with the mother plant with the help of rhizome and are called partial bushes. For the purpose of reproduction use only bushes that have their own root system. Reproduction in this way is possible both in spring and in autumn. To do this, young and well-formed bushes dig up and separate from the parent plant.

  1. It is possible to plant lingonberry bushes both on a prepared separate garden bed for growing and in separate tanks.
  2. Plants growing in containers are ready for transplantation into open ground in a year.
  3. It is best to plant the bushes in the spring for further planting. The plant will have enough time to take root for the winter.
  4. Planted in the autumn bushes need to be well mixed with peat, spruce branches or set a nonwoven cover over them.

Partial lingonberry bushes can be planted in separate beds for rearing

Seed propagation

This type of breeding is more suitable for off-grade lingonberries. The process is time consuming, but expedient due to the cheapness of the material obtained for the expansion of plantings. For the selection of seeds, only well-ripened berries are suitable. They are kneaded and washed in a small amount of water. The pulp and skin are removed, and the seeds are thrown back on a sieve, and then dried.

Before sowing the seeds must be prepared. This procedure is called stratification. It can be natural - the seeds are sown in autumn in the garden. Hardened by winter conditions, the seeds germinate in spring. And you can collect the seeds and 4 months to store in wet sand at an average temperature of 4 ° C, for example, in the lower compartment of the refrigerator.

Before sowing, lingonberry seeds necessarily stratify

The seeds that have undergone treatment show the best germination.

  1. Seeds are sown in containers filled with a mixture of peat and sand. Since the seeds germinate well in the light, they do not need to be deepened.
  2. To maintain high humidity and an average temperature of 20–25 ° C, the container can be covered with a transparent bag or glass and placed in a bright and warm place. But not under direct sunshine!
  3. Mini greenhouse air and moisten the substrate.
  4. After the appearance of the first shoots in 2-3 weeks, the shelter can be removed.
  5. When the seedlings appear 4 adult leaves, they can dive into separate pots or on a greenhouse bed.
  6. During the year, seedlings are watered regularly, after which they are ready to transplant to a permanent place.

It is very convenient to germinate seeds in mini-greenhouses

How to grow a garden cranberries in a pot

Lingonberry, which has a compact size, if desired, you can settle at home - on the windowsill or on the balcony. But it is worth considering the difficulties that may arise:

  • lingonberry has a horizontal and creeping rhizome, which will be cramped in small volumes,
  • You will have to strictly control watering, as overdrying and over-wetting of the soil can destroy the plant.

Watering lingonberries need only rain or at least a few days settled water at room temperature.

For landing you need to prepare:

  • low, but wide pot. The dimensions will depend on the root system of the bilberry bush. At the bottom there must be holes for draining excess water into the pan,
  • drainage is a prerequisite
  • substrate - it is better to prepare it yourself. Ordinary garden or universal soil will not work. The simplest mixture can be obtained by mixing 3 parts of high peat and 1 part of coarse sand,
  • planting material. You can buy it in the garden center or dig it in the forest.

  1. Lay a good drainage layer on the bottom of the pot.
  2. Pour the prepared soil mixture from above.
  3. Set the bush in the middle of the tank and fill the sides of the soil to the sides.
  4. Lightly tamp the soil around the perimeter of the pot and water it abundantly. Be sure to remove residual water from the pan.
  5. Keep the lingonberry in a bright place, but avoiding drafts. Very good plant feels outdoors. Поэтому, если имеется балкон или лоджия, следует переставить вазон туда.

Брусника в вазоне станет настоящим украшением балкона или подоконника. Глянцевая зелёная листва, не опадающая даже в зимний период, будет радовать глаз в течение всего года. Цветущая брусника позволит любоваться миниатюрными цветами, собранными в букетики-кисточки. А поспевшие кораллово-красные плоды не только оживят зелень, но и помогут разнообразить вкусовые ощущения, если вы добавите их в готовящиеся блюда.

Lingonberry grown in a flowerpot will be a real decoration of the window sill or balcony

Features of the cultivation of lingonberries in different regions

Lingonberry is a fairly plastic plant that tolerates frosts and fever, but only if it is properly cared for. The difference in the cultivation of this crop in different regions is that in a hot and middle climate, lingonberry does not require shelter, as it is easily adapted. In the northern areas for early-flowering varieties, spring frosts can be a threat. Therefore, before the onset of stable warm weather bushes need to cover non-woven material.

Growing cowberries in Ukraine

In Ukraine, lingonberry is not popular. Almost nobody grows it. To meet this plant in nature is possible except in the foothills of the Carpathians, where coniferous forests begin. But varieties adapted to the conditions of the local climate may well be cultivated on plots.

A feature of growing lingonberries in Ukraine, especially in its southern areas, is frequent watering. If the humidity is less than 50%, then the plant will have to be watered almost daily. The rest of the landing and care are very similar to the same methods that are carried out in other regions.

Growing lingonberries in central Russia and Moscow region

Despite the fact that lingonberries are grown on an industrial scale for a long time abroad, in Russia it is cultivated only by amateur gardeners, and even then it is not everywhere.

And in vain. The climate of central Russia and its suburbs is very suitable for growing this berry. In addition, in the conditions of the Moscow region varietal plants have enough heat and daylight in order to seed twice. If you follow all the above rules for planting and care, then there will be no problems. For cultivation, try to acquire only zoned varieties.

Lingonberry feels great in the climatic zone of central Russia and its suburbs

It is also possible to cultivate lingonberries in cooler regions. But in order to get a guaranteed harvest, the choice will have to be stopped in early varieties.

As soon as a cowberry glade appears in your garden, you can be sure that the guests will not keep you waiting. After all, this wonderful plant can be admired all year round. And how charmingly ripe berries look out from under the fluffy snow cover! In addition to aesthetic pleasure, lingonberry will benefit the body.

All costs will pay off in the second year.

The main part of the costs for laying a lingonberry plantation is the cost of seedlings. However, growing lingonberries is very profitable. A plantation planted with 3-year-old seedlings begins to yield berries already in the year of planting, and a year later it reaches its design capacity.

Even with a minimum yield of 200 g / bush with a single-line planting for the 2nd year, you can get about 80-100 kg / 1 hundredth of berries, which cost about 24-25 thousand rubles. This allows for 2 years to recoup all the costs of its production and already make a profit.

The lifespan of lingonberry plantation without rejuvenating pruning is at least 15 years, and with rejuvenating pruning carried out once every 10-12 years, at least 50-60 years. During this period, investment is required only for harvesting, mulching, fertilizing and, if necessary, treatment for diseases, while the income from the sale of the berries far exceeds these costs. Since the primary costs for laying a lingonberry plantation are significant, you can start the business with a few hundred square meters, and then, earning from the sale of the berries, gradually increase the planting area.

Dutch

Of all the varieties of lingonberry most popular today Dutch variety Coral (Koralle).

Registered in 1969, it is still the most high-yielding - 0.2-0.4 kg / bush and more. Bushes with a height and width of more than 30 cm have long erect shoots, oval leaves. The berries are medium (0.8-0.9 cm in diameter), light red, sweet and sour with a slight bitterness. Forms two crops per season: at the end of July - the beginning of August and at the end of September - the beginning of October.

No less well known is another Dutch variety registered in 1981, - Red Pearl (Red Pearl).

Tall and sprawling, densely branched plants reach a height of 20-30 cm. The leaves are large, round, dark green. Berries are large (7-12 mm), round, dark red, good taste, sweet and sour with a slight bitterness. Able to form two crops per season.

The variety is quite popular in Germany Ammerland (Ammerland). The bush is 30 cm high and forms a crop twice per season: at the end of July - the beginning of August and at the end of September - the beginning of October. The yield is high - 0.2-0.3 kg / bush and more. The berries are medium (0.9-1.1 cm in diameter), light red, sour-sweet. The aerial part grows well, forming compact, abundantly fruiting, spherical bushes, similar to the Coral variety.

Low (up to 20 cm) bushes in variety Erntekrneregistered in 1978

The berries are somewhat larger (0.9-1.1 cm in diameter) than in the Coral variety, dark red, with very good taste qualities (sour-sweet with a slight bitterness), juicy. Annually forms two crops, but summer fruiting is unstable. The yield is about 1.5 times lower than that of the Coral variety.

The most large-fruited variety (diameter of berries - 1.2-1.4 cm) - Erntesegen (Erntesegen).

Bushes tall (up to 40 cm), flexible shoots long, large leaves, elongated. The berries are light red, with very good taste - sour-sweet, with a slight bitterness. True, the yield is 2 times lower than that of the Coral variety.

Low-growing bushes (up to 15 cm) are characteristic of varieties Mazovia (Masovia)which forms many rhizomes and very quickly covers the soil with a solid carpet.

The berries are dark red, medium, with good taste, sweet-sour. Ripen in late August. The yield is good, but lower than that of Coral.

Good yield is different Runo Bielawskie variety (Runo Bielawskie), bred in 1996, the bushes are compact, 25-30 cm tall, dense. The leaves are oval, dark green. The berries are oval, the skin is thin, tender, dark red. Ripens in early September.

Swedish and Finnish

Strong, high (up to 25 cm), weakly-branched bushes with large leaves varieties Linnea (Linnea)registered in 1997

The early ripe grade, ripens from the middle of August. Capable of weak secondary flowering. Harvest at the age of 3 - 150 g / bush. Partiation (growth) is weak. Berries are from medium to large, bright red, sweet-sour, with a slight bitterness.

Thick and compact bushes in the form of a dense ball height of 15-20 cm in varieties Ida (Ida), registered in 1997. The leaves are large, the fraction is weak. Fruits are large (1 cm in diameter), bright red, sweet and sour, ripen from mid to late August. The variety is capable of secondary flowering and fruiting. Yield at 3 years of age on average -140 g / bush.

Quickly forms a solid carpet Sanna variety (Sanpa)characterized by intense partisation.

Registered in 1988. Erect bushes, 15–25 cm tall. Elliptical or obovate leaves. Fruits are red, round, weighing 0.4 g, sweet-sour, ripen in mid-August. The yield of adult bushes - 300-400 g / bush.

Low-growing bushes with a height of 10-20 cm Sussi varieties, registered in 1988. The berries are round, dark red, large, weighing 0.4 g, sweet and sour. Harvest ripens in the 3rd decade of August. The yield is slightly lower than the Sanna variety.

Russian

Evenly branched bushes 15 cm high at varieties Kostroma pink, registered in 1995, the mid-season samoplodny variety, in the Kostroma region ripens on August 15-20. The fruits are rounded, with a diameter of about 1 cm, pink color, with a sweet-sour taste. The average weight is 0.34 g. The yield is 0.76-2.68 kg / m2.

Very dense, densely branched bushes with a height of 15-18 cm in the variety Kostromichka, registered in 1995. The early ripe variety in the Kostroma region ripens on August 10-15. Fruits are round, with a diameter of 7-8 mm, dark red, sweet acid. The average weight is 0.24 g. The yield is 0.96-2.48 kg / m2.

Intensive partisation is characterized by Rubin varietyregistered in 1995

Bushes sredneroslye height 15-20 cm. Late-ripening samobesplodnyy variety, in the Kostroma region ripens on August 20-25. Fruits are round, dark red, sweet-sour. The average weight is 0.22 g. The yield is 0.94-2.88 kg / m2.

All of these varieties can be successfully grown not only in central Russia, but also far to the north. After all, first, the lingonberry is winter-hardy and without shelter it can withstand temperatures down to -30 ° C, and secondly, the height of the bushes does not exceed 20-45 cm, thanks to which they are well covered with snow and do not suffer even when it is below -30 ° C.

Where and how to plant

It is necessary that the site for laying a lingonberry plantation meets several requirements. The site should be well lit, protected from the wind, so that it would be comfortable to pollinating insects, and in the winter the snow did not blow from the plantation. The soil should be loose, water and breathable and very acidic (pH 3.5-5.5). Suitable peatlands, sands and sandy loam. On the remaining types of soil before planting will have to improve their structure.

On sandy, sandy and clay soil, lingonberries can be grown in rows enriched with peat. At the site, furrows are plowed with a depth and width of 10 cm, and they are filled with acidic (pH 3-5) top peat. To fill 100 rm. m furrow will require 1 m2 of peat.

The single-line planting scheme is often used when the distance between the rows (rows) is 0.75-1.0 m, and between plants in a row is 25-30 cm. In this case, up to 400 seedlings / weave are placed on average. This scheme is most convenient for the mechanization of planting, caring for the plantation and harvesting berries. For this variant of planting, the most suitable varieties are characterized by a weak fractionation: Coral, Amerland, Red Pearl.

In this case, the planting is not thickened, and the farmer does not need to spend time and money to clean the rows.

Care is easy

Lingonberry requires minimal feeding - no more than 250-300 g / weave of full mineral fertilizer. It is better to use special fertilizers recommended for heather. Of the most suitable and widely used can be recommended "Kemira-Universal", "Kemira-Lux", "Mortar".

To protect against weeds, rows are mulched with sawdust, and row spacing is treated with roundup or mowed there. Mulching is carried out once every 2-3 years: the width of the mulch layer is 25-30 cm, thickness is 5-7 cm.

To diseases and pests Lingonberry is stable, so treatments are rarely required. For prophylaxis, it is possible 2 times a year - in early spring and late autumn, when the plants are at rest, - to process the planting with Bordeaux mixture.

When commodity growing lingonberries most labor-intensive harvesting. It is carried out manually using special scrapers. The collected berries do not spoil for a long time due to the content of benzoic acid in them, which prevents the development of yeast fungi.

By the way, additional income can be obtained from the sale of seedlings.

Varietal lingonberries are propagated only vegetatively: rhizomes, partial shrubs or stem cuttings. With seed reproduction, there is a significant splitting of characters and a complete lack of uniformity. Rooted cuttings exclusively in the greenhouse, the other methods can be used in open ground. Rooted cuttings grow in open ground in pots or on beds in shkolke. Commercial seedlings are usually obtained after 3 years from the time of grafting. Well-developed plants (10–12 cm high with 3–4 shoots) are used to lay the plantation; the weaker ones are left in the schoolhouse for another 1 year.

Lingonberry: the best varieties

Under natural conditions, lingonberries can be found in the tundra. In addition to beauty, it attracts people with its benefits - the leaves and berries contain a large number of useful elements. Plant material is indispensable for avitaminosis, diseases of the genitourinary system and colds.

Lingonberry is a self-pollinating plant that produces two crops a year. The plant is unpretentious - lingonberry does not make high demands on the soil, to light, climatic conditions (but in good conditions it bears better fruit). Due to this property, berries are grown on an industrial scale (this brings a good profit). Minus lingonberries - a good harvest, she begins to give 4 years after planting (in the second year the plant gives the minimum number of berries).

Cowberry selection was started relatively recently - they became interested in berries in Germany, Finland, Switzerland, Holland. Various varieties have been developed, including remontant ones. Plants differ among themselves not only in yield, but also in the height of bushes and decoration. In the State Register of Russia registered only three varieties:

• Kostromichka
• Ruby
• Kostroma pink

We also cultivate varieties of foreign selection:

• Red Pearl
• Coral
• Herntkrone
• Erntedank
• Sana'a
• Erntezegen
• Sussi (Suzy)
• Mazovia
• Erntekurn
• Scarlet
• Runo Belyavske

Compared to wild plants, cultivated varieties are more fruitful - by planting them in your plot, you will collect 2-2.5 times more useful berries.

Lingonberry: Coral variety

Cowberry variety Coral

Cowberry variety Coral is considered one of the most fruitful and decorative. The height of the bush is about 30 cm, the plant forms a spherical crown. The yield is quite high (you can pick berries twice a year). Average fruit weight: 0.3-0.5 g. Taste characteristics are good.

Lingonberry varieties Mazovia

Cowberry variety Mazovia

This variety is bred by the Polish breeders from a wild-growing form. The height of bushes does not exceed 20-30 cm. The minus of the variety is low yield. The advantages include the excellent taste of rounded dark red fruits and good resistance to adverse factors.

Lingonberry: varieties for the Moscow region

For the conditions of central Russia and Moscow region, many varieties of lingonberries are suitable. Plants in favorable conditions grow by tens of meters and give a couple of crops a year.

Lingonberry: what varieties are best suited for the Moscow region? The best reviews have varieties:

• Coral
• Sana'a
• Erntekrone
• Linnea
• Sussi
• Ida
• Erntezegen
• Mazovia
• Ruby
• Red Ammerland

Description Linnaeus varieties

Lingney's cowberry variety

Plant height is 15-25 cm. The leaves are large, the bushes are weakly branched. Early flowering, the berries begin to ripen in mid-August, their average weight is 0.4 g. The taste of the berries is sweet-sour, there is a slight bitterness. Secondary bloom is weak.

Characteristics of lingonberry varieties

Characteristics of lingonberry varieties will help determine the choice of plants. Breeders tried to achieve the highest yields of lingonberries and increase its resistance to various diseases. Varieties differ in plant height and fruit characteristics.

The most promising varieties:

  • Coral. Variety can be used as a decorative. Its second value is in high yield. The shrub is rounded, compact enough, does not exceed 30 cm in height. The crop is about 400 g. It bears fruit twice a year.
  • Ruby. Late variety that can withstand temperatures down to -30 ° C. Not sensitive to spring frosts down to -3 ° C.
  • Red Pearl. Tall variety bred in Holland. The berries have a dark red color, large - up to 12 mm. Fruits twice a year.
  • Mazovia. Low-growing variety of Polish breeding. Shrub in height about 20 cm. Often used for decorative purposes, because the yield of shrubs is low. With one bush you can get only 40 grams of berries.
  • Kostroma pink. Low-growing variety up to 15 cm in height. It will decorate the garden well during its flowering, but it has a low yield.
  • Sannah Variety of Swedish breeding. The berries are tasty, large - up to 400 mg. It has a good yield - about 300 g of berries from one bush.
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The chemical composition and benefits of lingonberries

The chemical composition and use of lingonberries have long won deserved fame around the world.

  • Lingonberry berries contain valuable vitamins, acids, tannins, pectins and other substances.
  • Lingonberries have a high content of ascorbic acid, polyphenols, chromium, copper and mineral salts. Berries are shown to use:
  • In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  • For the treatment of kidney and bladder
  • With colds
  • As an antimicrobial, tonic and wound healing agent
  • Berries can be used for making jam, syrup and other dessert dishes and drinks.
  • Valuable are not only the berries, but also the leaves of the plant, from which they make a useful decoction.

With care it is necessary to use the berries for people with diseases of the stomach with high acidity. People with individual intolerance and allergies to lingonberries should abandon it.

Lingonberries will help maintain health and beautify the garden, especially since growing this plant is easy.

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