The appeal of blackberry cultivation - high and stable yield. The rich chemical composition of the fruits of shrubs make them particularly important for human diet. It is a worthy alternative to garden raspberries. and the ability to diversify culinary preparations. With proper fit and care with all biological features blackberries will bear fruit for at least 10 years.
When is it better to plant a garden blackberry - in the summer, autumn or spring? Timing choice
The yield potential and benefits of blackberry fruit are much wider than those of its closest relative raspberry. However, gardeners do not want to plant and grow this magnificent shrub on their land.
This is due to the fact that plant varieties cultivated from southern forms have been cultivated for a long time. They are difficult to take root in the planting region and led to a massive disappointment gardeners.
The situation changed after new relatively winter hardy varieties have appearedthat can withstand temperatures as low as -30 C.
Therefore, for growing in the middle lane or more northern regions (in Siberia and the Urals), it is important to acquire varieties of modern breeding.For the cultivation of blackberries in the middle lane or more northern regions, you need to acquire varieties of modern breeding
In spite of this, Blackberry cultivation is somewhat limited in the northern regions.. This is due to uneven fruiting, the final period of which often coincides with the first frost and some of the fruits do not have time to ripen.
In addition, insufficient lighting leads to a loss of quality in ripe fruit.
Autumn planting blackberry has more benefits and most optimal in the middle and southern regions. After planting shrubs followed by a period with a stable and cool temperature, high humidity will contribute to the development of the roots, while the temperature of the soil does not fall to -4 ° C.
The blackberry leaves the state of relative dormancy very early and the bushes that have taken root in the fall will immediately begin to develop a vegetative mass.
In the fall, the choice of varieties and seedlings with a fresh root system is much more, and they cost less than the planting material sold in the spring.
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When spring planting plant does not have time to take root due to too rapid warming and the beginning of sap flow, after which the active growth of shoots begins.
Weak root system is not able to provide the necessary nutrition, increasing vegetative mass. This greatly weakens the shrub and affects the overall development.
Spring planting preferred in the northern regions and if the blackberry variety is characterized by poor winter hardiness.
In the autumn, the plant should be planted at least 20-30 days before the first frost, in the spring before bud breaks, when the air temperature rises to + 15 ° С.
For cultivation in the garden planting material must be purchased in reputable nurseries. The best survival rate differ annual seedlings with two stems, the thickness of which is not less than 0.5 cm in diameter.
An important criterion is a formed kidney on the roots.. The optimal length of core roots is not less than 10 cm.
Preparing a place for planting seedlings: where is it better to plant, in the sun or in the shade?
For growing blackberries you need to choose a place well lit by the sun and protected from the north winds. In the shade, young shoots of plants will grow poorly, stretch out, the fruits become shallow and lose taste.
A good option - landing along the fence, where the bush will be protected from the winds, and the stems from damage. In this case, you need to retreat from the fence at 1 m, so that the plant is not much shaded. Shrub is better located on the south or southwest side of the site.
To spread blackberries, breathable and well-drained soil is needed. Ideal loam with a humus layer of at least 25 cm.For planting blackberries, choose well-lit areas, loamy, well-drained soils.
Groundwater deposition at the site should be no higher than 1.5 meters. If these indicators are violated, the roots of the plant will be in dampness and cold, which significantly affects the hardiness and yields.
To plant a thorny shrub, land for planting must be prepared in advance. All weeds are removed, plant waste is destroyed, preventive spraying from pathogens and pests is carried out.
For growing blackberries saline, rocky, sandy and marshy areas are not suitable.
Heavily depleted soils need to be fed with the necessary macro elements. For this, the plot is dug up to a depth of 30-35 cm, organic and mineral fertilizers are applied.
How to plant in open ground
Landing pits and substrate are prepared in 15-20 days before planting seedlings in open ground.
Blackberry root system is more powerful and penetrates deeper than other berry crops. Therefore, the pits need to do more voluminous. The best way - stick to the parameters 40x40x40 cm.
Organic matter and minerals should be added to each hole:
- compost or humus 5 kg,
- superphosphate 120 g,
- potassium sulphate 40 g
Nutrient components are mixed with fertile soil and the resulting substrate is covered with a hole 2/3 of its volume.
Shrub planted vertically with root penetration 1.5-2 cm. In light sandy soils, buried up to 3 cm.Blackberries are planted vertically with a root collar buried 1.5-3 cm, covered with substrate and watered
Blackberry roots are placed in the fossa, straightened and covered with substrate. In this case, the pit is not completely filled, leaving a distance of 1-2 cm to the level of the soil.
In this way, under each bush there will be a notchwhich will contribute to the rational wetting of the blackberry.
Then the surface of the substrate must be compacted and pour a seedling 5-6 liters of water. After the spring planting of the blackberry plant for 40-50 days you need to ensure regular watering. After soil compaction, the trunk circle is mulched with sawdust, peat or straw.
The most dangerous time for a blackberry is a snowless beginning of winter.. Therefore, it is necessary to cover the plant before the onset of the first cold weather, and in winter to pull snow to it. Blackberry stalks are not prone to heating, so the plant can be covered with polyethylene.
Foliage of fruit trees is not suitable as a covering material. It often hides pathogenic microorganisms, which in the spring can begin active development on the shrub.
Blackberry fruiting uneven and may cover a whole month. The fruits of the shrub have good transportability and long shelf life at low temperatures.
Leaves and roots of plants possess bactericidal, sedative properties and will occupy a worthy place in the home phyto-means collection.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Bearing Blackberry "Giant" - one of the most high-yielding and tasty varieties. Yield blackberries "Giant" - up to 30 kg of gorgeous large berries from one bush.
Bushes begin to bear fruit in early July, and this process lasts continuously until late autumn. In addition, this frost-resistant blackberry can withstand up to -30 ° C. The shrubs of this variety are quite branchy, on large shoots form luxurious racemes. Blackberry bloom occurs in June.
A fully ripe berry has an average mass of 20 g. Berries attract attention with their bizarre pyramidal shape and brilliant bright black color. Does not fail and taste - sweet and sour and soft enough. The fruits are enriched with calcium, sulfur and iron.
The disadvantages of this variety include poor tolerance to dryness of the soil and lack of moisture, which significantly reduces the survival of the “Giant” in a tropical climate.
How to choose and prepare a place for landing
When choosing a place, you should take into account the features of the “Giant” blackberry. The plant is light-loving enough, so it will be great to bear fruit in the sun or partial shade. It is not so demanding on the soil as raspberries, but this berry does not like wetlands.
Especially moisture provision is necessary in the initial period of growth from April to June, the time when there is an enhanced growth of the shoot and the formation of the crop. The best conditions for blackberries are fertile drained loams with a weakly acid or neutral reaction of the soil solution (pH 5.5 - 6.5).
Overmoistening of the soil and cold winds should be avoided. To prepare the soil, it is necessary to dig it up to 50 cm and fertilize with organic and mineral substances. Add some sand and peat to the clay soil. Harmful for the Blackberry "Giant" will be a soil with a high content of limestone, which provokes yellowing of leaves - chlorosis.
How to plant
Blackberries are planted in pits or trenches measuring 40 * 40 * 40 cm and a distance between them from 50 cm to 1 meter. It is necessary to fill a hole on two thirds of the fertile soil. Each pit for planting fill 5-6 kg of compost or humus, mixed with 30 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium salt or 30 g of wood ash. For acidic soil does not hurt to add 10 grams of lime.
Dried roots are required to hold in water with a constrictor for about an hour. Fertilizer mixed with the top layer of soil and fall asleep in the pits. When sprinkling the roots of the seedling with earth, do not forget that the maximum length for a growth bud is no more than 2-3 cm.
The roots should be straightened to avoid bending to the top. The soil with fertilizers is shaken a little to penetrate the soil between the roots, and it is also compacted around the roots.
Fertilizer and feeding
Gardeners need to know how to feed a blackberry in the spring before flowering. At this time, the plant should be fertilized with ashes, humus and compost, after which it is required to feed the root zone of the blackberry with urea and nitroammophos.
In the autumn it is better to use potassium and phosphorus for fertilizer. These trace elements will prepare the plant for winter, protect it from harmful effects.
Garter bushes on the trellis
There are two ways to bandage blackberry "Giant".
The first - shortening shoots that have reached a height of 15 cm above the first wire. In winter or early spring, eight of the strongest seedlings are tied to a trellis, the rest are cut out. After two years, the shoots are cut.
Second is that the shoots are tied up and not pruned until they reach three meters and do not join the neighboring bushes, while the annual shoots are spread along the ground.
Pruning and shaping the berry bush
Blackberry pruning should be divided into the following stages: shortening in autumn or spring fruit-bearing stems, removal of infected and damaged by pests stems, normalization of excess young shoots in May-June and spawn-bearing stems immediately after harvest, pinching of shoots in June-August.
Pinging of the top 3-5 cm is made at the beginning of June. The most suitable formation of the bush is a fan-shaped one, when in spring the overwintered shoots vertically rise on the trellis and are placed over the roots of the bush, place the growing shoots parallel to the ground, in the fall cut off the center shoots under the root, leave 8-10 young horizontal and most hardy shoots, remove the rest, shorten the wintering ones lash them and press them more firmly to the ground; in the spring, after warming the lashes, raise them vertically.
Preparing Blackberry Bushes for Winter
Gardeners are advised to cover for the winter, even such frost-resistant varieties as the "Giant". To prepare you need to lay all the shoots on the ground, sprinkle with straw and cover with agrofibre, which will protect against obscuration and temperature fluctuations.
Also suitable for shelter humus, sawdust, corn leaves and roofing material. Trimming the top of the shoots also helps to ease the wintering of blackberries.
Blackberry "Giant" will decorate your garden, give you wonderful aesthetic sensations and pleasure from its amazingly delicious berries.
In order to choose the right seedlings should pay attention to such things:
- The main roots should not be less than 2-3 pieces.
- The length of the seedling root system is not shorter than 15 centimeters.
- The height of the main shoot and the above-ground part should be 40 centimeters high.
- Plant this variety in the spring (from March to May), although seedlings are moved to the ground in the fall (early September).
How to choose a landing site
As with each variety, blackberry when planting and choosing the most optimal place has its own characteristics. The shrub is light-requiring and, with sufficient illumination, it is elegantly fruiting with tasty fruits of gigantic size.
It is important to know that this variety of blackberry does not like too wet soil and therefore wetland for planting will not work. The main moisture of the blackberry is needed in the early stages of growth, when shoots grow vigorously and a crop is formed. This is usually from April to July. It is best to plant a bush in drained loams with weak or neutral acidity (pH 5.5 - 6.5).
The place should be low wind, but with good access to sunlight.
To prepare the soil, it is previously dug up to 50 cm and organic and mineral fertilizers are applied. If the soil is clay, add sand and peat in small quantities. If the soil contains a significant amount of limestone, then it can lead to yellowing of the leaves.
Watering varieties Giant spend every week. During the flowering and ripening of berries, the shrub needs to receive a regular amount of moisture. Given the fact that the roots of the variety are located deep enough in the ground, at least one bucket of water should be used for one bush.
It should be noted that this variety can tolerate drought, much better than raspberries, but at the same time the number of fruits will decrease and their size will be smaller than with sufficient watering.
Preparing bushes for winter
Even taking into account that the blackberry variety tolerates low temperatures well and the winter period in general, it is better to cover the shrub. To do this, all shoots of the variety are stacked on the ground and covered with agrofibre. In addition, the bush can be covered with roofing paper or sprinkled with sawdust, wide leaves of corn, and humus. This will help to better tolerate temperature fluctuations and avoid obesity.
Trimming the tops also helps the blackberry to better endure the winter cold period. Blackberries of this variety are very unpretentious in care, they are frost-resistant, they can tolerate drought, and the fruits themselves are tasty and very useful. It is easy to keep berries, and they can delight all year round with their taste and vitamin content.
BlackBerry Giant History
Blackberry belongs to the genus Rubus, which includes about 200 natural species. Homeland is America. It was there that in the 19th century they began to reclaim the blackberry thanks to not only the decorative qualities of the shrub, ease of care, but also the taste and unusual aroma of the fruit. Were introduced new varieties and hybrids, more resistant to cold climates. The new culture brought from overseas in the 20th century was widely spread in Europe. The first who in Russia drew attention to the value of blackberry, was I.V. Michurin. As a result of long-term work, he brought new varieties adapted to our climatic conditions.
Now in the world there are more than 300 varietal representatives of culture.
Blackberry Giant is famous for its large berries and frost resistance
Blackberry Giant is valued for unprecedented productivity - for the season bush gives about 30 kg of berries. In addition, it has a high frost resistance, it makes frost down to -30 ° С without damage, therefore it can be cultivated not only in the south of the country, but also in regions with cold winters.
The giant forms a sprawling bush 1.5–2.5 m with strong flexible shoots. In June, white large inflorescences appear on the stems. Due to the late flowering buds are not damaged by spring frosts, which has a beneficial effect on yield.
Powerful shoots of Blackberry Giant form a bush up to 2.5 m
Fruiting comes in the second year. It lasts from July until the end of September. Fruit - team drupe. The shape is elongated, conical. At the beginning of ripening, the blackberry fruits are green, then brownish, then acquire a reddish-brown hue. In mature berries, the shiny skin becomes black-violet.
The Blackberry Giant is sometimes confused with the English variety Bedford Giant. The main difference of the species is the size of the berries: they are smaller in Bedford, weighing 7 g, in the Giant it is much larger, up to 20 g.
The juice of the fruit is dark red, the taste is sweet, sweet-sour, delicate, with a pronounced blackberry aroma. Ripe berries are consumed fresh, frozen, dried, jam, jam, jelly, compote, liqueur are added to desserts and pastries.
Blackberries - a pantry of vitamins, minerals, its use contributes to the normalization of pressure, strengthens the immune system, improves metabolism, heals wounds. This berry is a natural substitute for aspirin, so it has long been used to reduce the temperature and relieve cold symptoms.
Blackberry Giant is a fruitful variety, up to 30 kg of berries can be picked from a bush per season.
Among the shortcomings of the variety, only the intolerance of the dryness of the soil is noted: the lack of moisture adversely affects the quantity and quality of the berries. This makes it difficult to grow a variety in arid areas.
When to plant blackberries
Высаживают ежевику и весной, и осенью. Лучшее время — ранняя весна, до начала вегетации. Саженцы успеют за сезон хорошо укорениться и окрепшими уйти на зимовку. You can plant a blackberry and at the end of the season, only this must be done 2-3 weeks before the onset of cold weather, otherwise young plants may die. Autumn planting is preferable to spend in the southern regions. Saplings in containers can be planted all season.
Blackberry saplings in containers can be planted throughout the growing season
The best place for blackberry
Blackberry Giant - light-loving plant, prefers to grow in areas that are well heated by the sun or in light penumbra. The soil is not particularly demanding, but it does not suit the heavy clay and wetlands, the best conditions - loam with a weakly acidic reaction.
In the clay soil you need to make a bucket of peat and sand (1 m 2). On sands and sandy soil blackberry can grow, but will require the introduction of large doses of organic matter in the form of mulch and watering. Blackberries are usually located in places protected from the cold north wind - along the fence, near the outbuildings.
It is better to plant blackberries along the fence to protect from the wind
Selection of seedlings
Garden centers and nurseries now offer a large assortment of domesticated blackberries. There you can choose exactly those varieties that are zoned to local conditions, get expert advice on the care of plants. Experts recommend purchasing 1-2 year old seedlings with a well-developed root system. The annuals should have two stems 5 mm thick and a formed bud on the roots. Two-year-olds must have at least 3 main roots 15 cm long and an aerial part 40 cm high.
If the bark is shriveled, and the flesh under it is brown in color, it means that the seedling was dug long ago, it has already dried up and is unlikely to take root.
How to plant a blackberry
Use bush or linear types of landing of blackberry. In the bush method, plants are planted in pits with a depth and 45 cm width at a distance of 1–1.3 m. At a linear one, trenches with a depth of 45 cm and a width of 50 cm are dug out, leaving 2 m between rows. The rows should be located from north to south. Before planting, you should also install supports: the blackberry grows rapidly, the overgrown shoots are better placed on the supporting structure.
For the spring planting the site is prepared in autumn, for the autumn - in 2-3 weeks. They dig up the ground, level, remove weeds. Fill with humus (1.5 kg 1 m 2), superphosphate (100 g), potassium sulfate (30 g) or ash (100 g). Pre-seedlings are immersed for an hour in a solution with Kornevin, which stimulates root formation.
Step-by-step landing process:
- Nutritious soil is poured at the bottom of the pit.
- Place the sapling with well-straightened roots. Plants from the container are planted with the ground.
Sapling roots need to straighten well
After planting, the seedling is well moistened.
At first young plants are protected from direct sunlight using agrofibre or paper. After a week, shading is removed.
Watering and loosening
Blackberry is demanding for watering, it needs a lot of water to grow shoots and pour berries. To maintain the required level of soil moisture, the bramble plant is watered once a week with 10 liters of water per bush. Plants especially need moisture in a period of intensive growth and fruit formation. In a drought with insufficient watering, the berries become small, fall off. In October, moisture-charging irrigation of the plantings is required (20 l / bush).
Blackberries especially need moisture during the formation of the fruit
Waterlogging is detrimental to the plant: moisture stagnating in the soil can cause the development of infections and decay, the formation of new shoots will be delayed until late autumn, and the hardiness of the blackberry will decrease.
During the season, the soil under the bushes and between the rows necessarily loosen and weed. Weed plants inhibit the development of shoots and reduce yields. Between the rows, loosening is carried out at a depth of 12 cm, near the bushes - in the surface layer, not deeper than 8 cm, in order not to damage the roots. Such an agricultural application allows not only to improve the air exchange of the soil and fight weeds, but also to destroy the locations of pests. After watering and loosening, the ground is mulched with straw and sawdust.
Fertilizers are necessary not only to feed the plant with nutrients, but also to eliminate diseases and pests that are inevitable in adverse weather conditions. In the well-filled soil for the first 2 years in the spring, the blackberry is fed only with nitrogen fertilizers (10 g of urea 5 l ). On poor soils, Kemira Plus is recommended to carry out foliar feeding (20 g / 10 l).
The balanced composition of dressings allows you to get a yield increase of up to 30%.
During the formation of the fruit, the plant needs potassium (30 g of potassium sulfate / 10 l at the rate of 6 l of solution per 1 m 2). It is possible to replace mineral fertilizer with ash (200 g / 1 m 2). Under the autumn digging, superphosphate (35 g / 1 m 2), nitrophoska (30 g / 1 m 2), potassium sulfate (30 g / 1 m 2) are introduced into the soil.
Agricola - Vitamin Complex for Berry Crops
Organic matter is used annually to feed: in June, water solutions of mullein (1:10), chicken manure (1:20), humus are scattered under the bush in the autumn.
By the appearance of the plants can be judged on the lack of nutrients. Weak shoots, small fruits, yellowing of foliage indicate nitrogen deficiency, leaf veins turn yellow, berries dry out - iron deficiency, brown rim on leaf blades are little potassium, leaves become red, by the middle of the season they fall off - magnesium deficiency.
Blackberry leaf redness is a sign of magnesium deficiency.
Usually, blackberries are grown on a trellis - the garter of the bushes allows you to protect part of the crop from contact with the ground, ensures uniform illumination by the sun and the blowing of the bush, without creating conditions for the development of the fungus. In addition, the bushes laid on the trellis look very decorative during flowering - they create a solid green carpet decorated with large fragrant flowers.
Blackberries on the trellis creates a solid green carpet that adorns the plot.
Formation of the berry bush
When forming a berry bush, it should be taken into account that blackberry shoots have a two-year development cycle: in the first year they grow, lay buds, in the second year they bear fruit and die. Therefore, in the fall, the branches that were thrown off are cut off, and they remove weak and damaged ones. Blackberry bush is formed from 8-10 strong and healthy shoots. Usually adhere to fan formation. In the spring, after the shelter has been removed, the branches are raised on a trellis in an upright position, with young sprout shoots parallel to the ground. In the fall, the central seed-bearing stems are removed, leaving 8–10 young strong horizontal shoots.
In the fall, blackberry sprouting shoots cut out at the root
Blackberry gives a lot of overgrowth, making bush thickened and prickly. Therefore, it is imperative that when the zero shoot grows up to 2 m and the garter to the trellis the top is cut off. Until autumn 6–10 side branches grow, which next year will give 3-5 brushes of berries each.
Experienced gardeners advise in the fall or after wintering, side shoots cut by 3-5 buds to get smaller brushes, but with larger berries.
Blackberry propagated by seeds, layering and cuttings.
- With seed reproduction varietal characteristics are fully preserved. Before sowing, the seeds are stratified, then soaked for several hours in Appin solution and sown in a greenhouse. In the open ground sprouts are planted in the formation of 4 leaves.
- The easiest way of reproduction - apical layering. The top of the shoot is buried in the groove near the bush, fixed with a bracket and watered. The layering takes root in a month, but it should be separated and deposited in the spring of the next season.
The easiest way to reproduce blackberries - top layers
Blackberry cuttings with roots are planted in a permanent place
Description of the Blackberry Giant variety
The Giant variety is characterized by abundant fruiting. The yield of blackberries from one bush is about 30 kg of berries. Another advantage of this variety is resistance to low temperatures (up to -30 ° C). This means that it is quite possible to grow blackberries in the south and in the north.
The Blackberry Giant is often confused with the Bedford Giant Blackberry. The only difference is the size of the berries.
A tall bush has powerful shoots with a length of 1.5-2.5 meters. In early summer, the stems are covered with white large inflorescences. So late flowering provides good yields, because by this time there are almost no severe frosts. The plant bears fruit in the second year, in the period from July to September. Combined drupes have an elongated conical shape. In the process of ripening, the color of the berries changes: from green to rich brown. Absolutely ripe fruits acquire a glossy black and purple peel.
Description of the advantages of the Blackberry Giant:
- juice - rich, dark red color,
- sweet pleasant taste with light sourness,
- juicy flesh,
- pronounced blackberry flavor.
Mature fruits can be eaten fresh and used for processing. Blackberry is perfect for freezing for the winter, as well as for making jams and preserves. They are a good addition to compotes, baked goods and other desserts.
Avid blackberries compete in the preparation of fragrant liqueurs. The berry of this culture is a valuable storehouse of vitamins and minerals. It strengthens the immune system, normalizes blood pressure, improves the metabolic processes in the body. Since blackberry juice has antiseptic properties, it is often used for wound healing.
Among so many advantages, there is a place for the only drawback - the plant loves moisture very much and, therefore, is vulnerable to dry soil. An insufficient amount of liquid significantly reduces its yield and can lead to death.
Competent planting and proper care of the bushes, will provide you with useful berries right up until the next harvest. Planting seedlings carried out in spring and autumn. It is best to plant the seedlings after the winter, before the beginning of the vegetative period. During the season, the root system will have time to get well, which will help the bush to easily transfer the harsh winter. It is allowed to plant blackberries a couple of weeks before the frost, but not later, in order to protect it from death. Late disembarkation is practiced in regions with a gentle warm autumn.
In the cassettes seedlings can be planted all season.
Blackberry Giant - this is the sort that can not normally grow in the shade. Choosing a place for a plant, pay attention to well-lightening warm areas with light penumbra. The situation is simpler with the soil; in this respect, the Giant is not whimsical and feels good in loams (weakly acidic reaction). But despite this, it is not recommended to abuse heavy clay and wetlands, as this can harm the plant.
Nowadays, specialty stores offer a large selection of blackberry seedlings, but in order to get a bountiful harvest you need to know which plants are best to buy. For example, experienced gardeners, advised to pay attention to the age of the stems and buy several summer bushes with a powerful root system. In one-year-olds, the stems are thinner and the roots are small, and in a two-year-old blackberry (40 cm high) it has at least three roots of 15 cm each.
Growing and Caring for Blackberry Giant
Despite the fact that the Giant variety is not whimsical in care, it is still necessary to comply with the technology.
The main sign of dried seedlings is shriveled bark and brown flesh.
Watering. The root system is quite deep, so watering should be done every seven days. To adhere to this condition is mandatory during flowering and ripening. Under one bush should be poured about one bucket of water.
Top dressing. Black soil should be fertilized in spring and only with nitrogen compounds (urea in the ratio of 10 grams per 5 liters of water). It is recommended to feed the poor soil with Kemira Plus (20 grams per 10 l). During the period of active growth of the fruit, it is recommended to pay attention to fertilizing potassium sulfate in the amount of 30 grams per 10 liters of water. One square meter of plants should use no more than six liters of concentrate. A good alternative to minerals is ash (200 grams / sq. Meter). In the fall, the soil is enriched with superphosphate (35 g / 1 m2), nitrophosphate (30g / 1 m2), and potassium sulfate (30 g / 1 m2). Do not forget about organic matter: in summer - mullein and chicken manure, in autumn - humus.
One third of the successful harvest depends on the feeding system.
Installation support. To make this type of blackberry look beautiful and give a good harvest, you should take care of the support. The installation of such structures will solve the problem of the formation of fungal infection and will ensure a uniform arrangement of the shoots.
Forming a bush and preparing for winter
Forming a berry bush it is important to remember that it bears fruit in the second year of its life. In the first season, an active growth and budding is observed. The second year is the immediate harvest and the dying off of the kidney. Therefore, on the eve of frosts, should be carefully pruned bushes - weak shoots are removed, and those that pleased with berries - completely removed. The result is a bush of 8-10 strong twigs, with a fan formation. After wintering, old shoots open and vertically fixed on the trellis.
Despite the fact that this variety is frost-resistant, experienced gardeners advise all the same to warm the bush. This is done as follows: shoots are stacked on the ground, powdered with straw and agrofibre (you can have roofing paper, corn leaves, sawdust).
Now that you know all the details of the care and cultivation of the Blackberry Giant, you can get a bountiful harvest of incredibly tasty and healthy berries. It is enough to follow the basic rules and your garden will be replenished with a unique plant.