This charming annual has simple daisy flowers, but still it has its own original image. The plant has recently become popular - it is appreciated for its unpretentious, long-lasting beautiful flowering.
Brachicome (Brachyscome) is a genus of plants belonging to the numerous Astrov family. There are about fifty species, although from a decorative point of view only one species is interesting - the iberis brachikome. Stems erect, well branched - up to 100 inflorescences on one bush. Foliage bright green, finely dissected. Openwork bushes have a height of 15 to 40 cm. It blooms from June to October. Flowers - baskets, small size, up to 3 cm. Gamma of cold colors: white, blue, blue, pink, lilac, purple.
Flowers have a delicate scent.
Seeds ripen well in the middle lane, can be stored for 2-3 years without losing germination, so by buying a bag of seeds once, you can provide yourself with planting material for many years. Seeds are small (1 gram - 600 pieces).
Brief historical information
The history of the flower began at the end of the 17th century - it was then that the British naturalist (and concurrently the famous navigator and pirate) William Dampier, brought the plant to Europe from Australia. It is not known how this wild-growing chamomile captivated him (at that time the plant was not domesticated), but it interested the public and in the 19th century was very widespread in European gardens. Then interest in the plant fell a bit (plants come into fashion and come out of it - this is a natural process), but today it is again popular. Breeders were interested in it, although at the moment there are no radically new varieties. Nevertheless, almost every domestic agricultural company produces brachicome seeds, and they are readily available for sale.
The name “Brachycom” (“Brachycome”) has a Greek origin and means “short hairs” (“brachys” means short, “come” means hairs). It is not immediately clear why she received just such a name, but if you look closely at her seeds, you can notice, on the one hand, the characteristic fluff.
Types and varieties
In our latitudes, two types are cultivated:
Brachycome iberysulfist (Brachycome iberidifolia) - the most popular. A low, heavily bushy plant native to Western Australia. It blooms very abundantly, at the peak of flowering the bushes are literally covered with medium-sized (4 cm) daisy flowers. Lithuania is very beautiful (hence the name - iberysolistnistnaya) - deeply dissected, thin, beautiful green hue, light and openwork. The plant looks very harmonious - the combination of foliage and flowers is perfect.
Brachycomea partitioned (Brachycome multifida) - the second most popular form. Her name is not so popular, but in gardens it is found no less often. It grows well on scanty stony soils. It has characteristic narrow lanceolate leaves. Flowers slightly smaller than that of iberistellis. Bush is the same low. Flowers of a gentle scale: white, pink, pink with a lilac shade, very beautiful varieties began to appear with a slightly bluish color (Mauve Deligth variety).
The most popular cultivar and varieties of brachycomy iberistellum:
- "Bravo" - a series of displayed in Germany, includes 6 colors.
- “Magenta Deligth” is an unusual variety of bright, fuchsian coloring, unexpected for a gentle brachicome, but even such a catchy color still looks in the style of this plant — that is, without vulgarity.
Compact variety Virginia Violet
Landing, choice of place
In the wild, brachycomus is common in Australia, in arid and sunny regions, it is not surprising that the flower prefers well-lit areas and tolerates the absence of moisture. The place should be well protected from the wind. The soil is necessary loose, well permeable to air and moisture, with a neutral Ph. On dense soils, the flower grows poorly because it has a weak root system.
To fill the container for planting brachicomes suitable universal soil for ornamental crops. Be sure to - good drainage.
Growing from seed
Sowing dates - the end of February and the beginning of March. Flowering occurs in 70-80 days (2.5 months). Sowing is carried out superficially, the seeds are simply lightly pressed to the soil, covered with glass, put on a warm window sill. The soil can be pre-shed with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Shoots appear in a week.
The pick of the brahikome sprouts is excellent, although it is also a jewelery operation. You can grow seedlings without picking - in this case, 2-3 seeds of a plant are sown in peat pots. Water gently, watering the shoots from the spray gun (position of stream, not spray).
Transplantation in open ground - at the end of May, by this time the seedlings may already have buds. Plants tolerate transplant well. The distance between plants is 20 cm.
The plant reproduces perfectly by self-sowing, which is why sometimes brahikomu include the most unpretentious perennials in the lists. Although, of course, hybrid varieties do not convey their characteristics.
Brahikome in warm countries is a perennial, so nothing prevents preserve the plant until spring, providing him with a suitable wintering place. The plant is dug, cut, transferred to a cool and bright room, watered rarely, just to not dried. In winter, it will be possible to cut the cuttings and root them - this method of reproduction will allow you to get more quickly-flowering plants, without the need to mess with seedlings and seeds.
Seedlings pinch height of 5 cm, it provides the best branching and a beautiful globular shape of the plant.
On sale you can often find varieties "Palermo" and "Swan Lake". Their cultivation is no different from the cultivation of any other varieties of brachicomes, you can safely follow the recommendations in this article.
Diseases, pests, problems
The plant works well even for beginners florist. Disease or disease damage is a rarity. Sometimes it is possible the defeat of the whitefly or snails (they are enough to collect hands)
A flower planted in dense, too moist soil, with a tendency to stagnate and sour water, will also grow badly. Perhaps the plant will not be so lush in a very cold and rainy summer (at this time watering should be kept to a minimum) - such plants rot the stems, they shrink, they bloom weakly.
The plant is unpretentious, does not like too abundant watering. Organic fertilizer and fresh manure is better to eliminate. But fertilizer complex mineral fertilizer will be well received. You can use wood ash. Removing faded flowers and pruning stems help maintain and extend the decorativeness of the plant.
This is an amazing container culture. Most often it is planted in pots, containers, pots, on loggias and balconies, decorate the entrance to the house. In addition, brachicom will decorate:
- Flower beds.
- Alpine hill.
The plant is easy to form as a ball, which means that this unpretentious annual plant can look good in regular, park compositions.
In general, any Letniki with large and coarse flowers will suit; a delicate cloud of brachicomes will set aside them to emphasize the brightness of their colors.
Brahicom on the balcony will be excellent companions to the same pilots who love the sun - petunia, verbena, ageratum, ampel phylum, diascium, bindweed.
Planting and maintenance of brahicome when sowing seedlings on seedlings Photo varieties
The birthplace of these unusual flowers is hot Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea, but they have long moved to the European continent, and they feel good there, being regulars of many gardens, parks, and public gardens. In Germany, brahikomu called blue daisy.
The blooming brachicome is a delightful sight - a lot of inflorescences - miniature "daisies" on a bushy bush, exuding a pleasant scent. This is a worthy decoration of any garden - the whole season is pleased with juicy openwork, foliage and a bouquet of charming little “daisies”, similar to the greenery of dill.
Planting and care for brachicome growing conditions
Brahikoma growing from seed Photo seedlings planted in open ground
Brahikomu should be planted on light, aerated, fertile soils with neutral acidity. Prefers good lighting, bright sunlight. It tolerates light shading, while the bushes stretch a little. When placed in containers, drainage is required.
- Planted shallowly to fully place the roots of seedlings, but not to deepen the root neck.
- The distance between the bushes 30-40 cm, so that the plants were spacious and they could fully develop. At the same time and decorative beds will be much higher in comparison with thickened plantings.
- Abundant watering is necessary when there is no rain and in the phase of active growth.
- After watering, it is advisable to loosen in order to provide additional air access to the roots. Excess moisture causes decay.
- In rainy weather, it is worth baking the soil around the bushes with ash, thereby protecting the planting from slugs.
- Top dressing is carried out in the period of active growth with nitrogen fertilizer. When the plant picks up the buds - potash-phosphate fertilizer every two weeks, which contributes to lush, more abundant, high-quality flowering. Negatively reacts to feeding with organic matter, which can even cause the death of the plant.
Decorative bushes maintained regular pruning. It is necessary to remove dried shoots and withered buds. Pruning causes a new wave of growth and flowering. Several wilted flowers can be left to collect seeds. But plants grown from these seeds can not repeat the parental signs - the next year when planting you get a lot of new different flowers.
Growing home-grown brachicomes
Brahikoma growing from seed when planted seedling photos
Seeds collected in the fall from a bush, remain viable for 3 years. When purchasing seed in garden centers, you should pay for information on bags of seeds - the closer to the extreme number, the worse is the germination rate. In southern latitudes, brahikomu can be sown directly in open ground.
When to plant brahikomu?
To the north it is better to use the seedling method, as the brachicome will bloom no earlier than 2 months after sowing.
- Sow in March-April in landing containers with a light, wet substrate.
- Small seeds evenly spread over the surface, not falling asleep soil.
- Placed in a plastic bag or covered with a transparent lid, placed in a warm place.
- When shoots appear (5-7 days), the film is removed, and the container is moved closer to the light.
- They dive when 3-4 true leaflets appear on sprouts, transferring a brachicom painlessly. But still it is a time-consuming operation, young seedlings are very small and gentle.
- If you want to avoid picking, sow the seeds of 4-6 pieces in separate cups or peat tablets. After germination, as they grow, they take care of such shoots in the usual way; you only need to gently pour the ground between the growing seedlings.
- Water with caution, avoiding overflow. It is convenient to do this with the help of a syringe or a watering can with a narrow spout, it is good to spray it with a spray bottle.
- You can pour water into the edge of the container - so it will immediately fall to the bottom of the tank and then distribute itself.
- In order for the bushes to be lush in the future, you should pinch the top of the seedling over the 5-6 leaf.
- Brahikomu transplanted to the beds after the establishment of warm weather. Before this, young saplings should be hardened - to accustom them to the open air little by little for a week or two before disembarking.
How to sow brahikomu seedlings look at the video:
Brahikom seedlings are planted, carefully freeing her from the cups, with a lump of earth. If the seedlings did not grow one by one, you should be very careful to separate them without damaging the roots.
The wells are prepared in advance so as not to wither the roots. Plants are planted at the same level, so as not to deepen the root neck.
Given that the bushes grow powerful, the distance between them leaves 30-40 cm, so that there is enough space for the full development of the plant.
Reproduction of brachicome by cuttings
How to grow brahikomu from cutting photo
In the first days of spring, brachicome seeds are sown in greenhouses, or in a planting container, without diving into the ground and sprinkling sand on top.
After that, planting material should be moistened, covered with a glass sheet and put away in a warm and dark place.
Usually, the sprouts will turn out after a couple of weeks.
As soon as this happens the container must be transferred to the light.
When there are two cotyledon leaves, seedlings should be planted in different pots.
After 7 days, seedlings need to be fed with mineral compounds, with the inclusion of a sufficient amount of nitrogen. To the site should be sent in June.
Flower culture loves:
That is why, choosing a place for planting, you need to pay attention to the fact that the brahikome was in a sunny meadow, protected from the winds.
However, it is not fatal if the plant will be located in a small penumbra.
Cases have been recorded that in such places she was well acclimatized.
To grow properly pick up the soil:
That's right, if the earth is air permeable, loose and light.
Heavy substrate for flower culture is not suitable.
To improve the condition of the soil, professionals recommend using the following composition:
- Leafy ground.
- Sand from the river.
- Some minerals.
If necessary, you can arrange a drainage consisting of gravel or crushed brick material.
How to care for a plant?
It is very simple to take care of the plant, it is unpretentious, so even a novice in gardening will cope with growing.
Throughout the summer period, flowers should be fertilized with a liquid mineral composition no more than 3 times.
You can also sprinkle bushes with wood ash.
Watering is carried out only when it is very dry, it is hot and very carefully, since brachicomer does not tolerate overwetted soils.
Pinching will have a positive effect:
- the branching of the stem part will increase,
- the decorative qualities of the bush will rise,
- many inflorescences will form.
Also, do not forget about garden pests, for example, brachicom foliage adore slugs. There were also cases when whitefly attacked the flowers.
In addition to watering and feeding, weeding should be carried out and the soil around the bushes should be slightly loosened.
Where better to plant brahikomu?
Landscape designers and gardeners are actively using brahikomu as a means of masking.
The plant masks perennials that have not suffered wintering badly.
Flowers look incredibly beautiful with plant figures in the garden. They are also used for planting on:
Used brachicome as ampelous culture.
Delicate flowers grow excellently with other perennials and annuals, coexist well with pink balsamines, phloxes, and contrast well with marigolds.
Brahikom - a unique flower that will decorate the garden plot and will fit perfectly into the overall landscape design made with your own hands.
Beautiful garden to you!
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Planting in open ground
This is a heat-loving plant, therefore, it is planted in open soil after warm weather has settled outside.
So that everything goes perfectly and not a single sprout perishes, it is tamed shortly before the transplant to fresh air, taking it out for several hours during the day. Usually, transplantation is done in May or early June, the main thing is that according to the forecast there will be no frost.
And we must have time to transplant before the first flowers, which begin to bloom two months after planting seeds. It is not scary if the first flowers appeared already at the time of transplantation. It is possible to replant both in the open ground, and in street beds.
The distance between the sprouts should be no less than 30 cm, as they greatly expand and in crowdedness they will not look very decorative.
The bottom of the soil must be drained, as the flower does not tolerate excessive moisture of the earth. The soil itself should have a neutral acidity. Planted shallowly and with the ground out of the pot, trying not to ground the root neck.
Since it is a very undemanding plant, a novice grower can handle it.
Since it spread throughout the world from Australia, where the dry and hot climate prevails, it should rarely be watered. Ensure that the soil is not constantly wet, as the roots of the flower may rot. More often than usual, a flower is watered only in complete drought and during its active growth.
After each watering it is necessary to loosen the ground so that the roots receive oxygen. If the summer was rainy, then around the bushes sprinkled with needles or ashes, so that snails do not get to the flower.
She loves sunshine more than half shade. But in the conditions of the penumbra, it can bloom profusely, although in this case the height of the bush will be higher than usual. Since plants are usually drawn in search of sunlight.
For the whole summer it is enough to feed him only three times:
- Immediately after transplanting - universal fertilizer and ash around the bushes.
- During active growth - nitrogen fertilizer.
- During flowering - potash phosphate fertilizer.
Preparing for the winter
If brachicom does not bloom in the southern part of Russia, then it is advisable to replant it from open land to pots for the winter so that it transfers winter in a cool room or conservatory, if there is one. During this period, most of its tops cut off.
All winter watered to a minimum. Before digging, collect the seeds. These seeds can be planted almost immediately after harvest and can be grown at home as an ordinary houseplant.
Reproduction by cuttings
It can be propagated not only by seed, but also by cuttings. This is usually done in the spring, after the flower pot has successfully transferred the winter indoors. Before transplanting into open ground, the cuttings are cut from a bush not more than 10 centimeters in length.
The lower leaves are removed, the cutting is lowered for 6 hours into the root solution, after which it is planted in wet sand in order for the roots to grow. Only after the roots have grown, the cuttings are transplanted into a pot of soil. Only in May and June, it can be transplanted in open ground or take the pot outside for the whole summer.
Every brachicom bush inevitably encounters rotten roots after a long rainy summer. Therefore, so that the roots do not rot, before planting, the gardener should take care of the drainage layer, which will save the plant from overmoistening the soil.
If there is no drainage layer, the bushes should be transplanted to another, drier place. During transplantation, the affected roots are cut and disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate.