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We will understand how and what feed the rabbits in the winter at home

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These cute animals are considered the most profitable due to their precocity and breeding rates. They can be safely kept at home. Think for yourself: only one rabbit is capable of producing offspring of 25-30 eared heads per year, the total weight of which will be about 1 centner! What to say about the benefits of rabbit meat - it is recommended to include in the diet of children and adults, the sick (especially those who complain of problems with the stomach and liver) and healthy. One can not forget about the skins of these rodents, which are so widely used for tailoring and accessories. A carefully processed rabbit fur can be easily confused with much more expensive material.

It is for these reasons that rabbit breeding has become very popular in our country. But it often happens that the poor animals become just funny toys in the hands of inexperienced owners who do not even have a clue about the content of such pets. A true rabbit breeder should know literally everything about these animals, in particular, how to properly care for, breed, what can and what can not feed the rabbits. In this article we will talk about the content of such an economy in the winter.

Rate your strength

Let's say right away: before you buy the first rabbit, objectively evaluate your capabilities and desires. After all, the above-mentioned offspring will require more than 100 kg of hay from you, about 115 kg of all kinds of root crops (for example, potatoes) and a little less than half a ton of green grass. And then thoroughly find out how to feed the rabbits so that they grow up healthy.

Take into account that the eared mouse will spend its whole life in the cage that you create for it, so it should be as convenient as possible.These animals are quite clean, so they need dryness and cleanliness, protection from strong frosts and drafts. Although they love the sun, they cannot do without a secluded dark corner. Constructed shelters you better placed under a canopy or in a separate shed, so they do not resist the effects of precipitation and strong winds. Not particularly economic breeders wonder why their pets are depleted and easily amenable to all sorts of diseases. The answer is simple: blame the inappropriate maintenance of rabbits. In winter, it manifests itself even more clearly.

General principles of housing arrangement

So, it would be right to equip your rabbitry so that its so-called facade faces south-east. Thus, there will not be direct sunlight, which these rodents do not like, but it will be access to such morning rays for them. Such protection does not mean at all that rabbits should be grown in the shade - a moderate amount of daylight kills harmful microbes in animal houses, allows them to always remain dry. In addition, under the influence of the sun, the animal's organism produces the optimal amount of vitamin D2, which promotes rapid growth.

It is believed that the rabbit needs very little space for normal life, it all depends on the breed:

  • for small animals enough 0.5 sq. m.
  • the average breed can be limited to 0.75 square meters per head,
  • large breeds need at least 1.25 sq.m. square.

Cells of the required size can be installed in several floors, usually rabbitry - three-tier structure.

How to insulate a house for eared fish?

Small rabbit farms are usually equipped with plain rabbit rabbit made of grooved boards (although log structures are considered to be of the highest quality). Such shelters require additional insulation in the winter. This can be done by filling the space between the walls with natural heat insulators. Most often used are some twigs or sheets, straw, moss, etc. If the weather conditions in your area are quite harsh, then it is advisable to trim the outer sides of the cells.

For covering sheet metal is used or, as it is also called, roofing iron, which has excellent waterproofing characteristics. Sheets of this material should be laid horizontally and overlapped so that rainwater does not seep inside.

Proper breeding of rabbits in winter provides for the obligatory weatherization of the bottom of the cage, which is often made from the mesh. In this case, you need to build a kind of pallet with a slope in the center, which will get the waste of animals, and only then lay a protective layer of insulating material.

The cells must have good ventilation, therefore, in their lower and upper parts, holes must be made through which air is drawn in and out. To keep rabbits comfortable in the winter, these openings need to be equipped with valves and in case of severe cold, close them.

Cells can be both single and double. To breed the offspring in the cold months, the bottom of these rabbitks should be insulated with straw, and the mesh doors should be covered with protective wooden doors.

How to furnish a rabbit housing?

As we have said, rodents need daily comfort. The main thing for them - food, so that each cell must be equipped with a feeder. For these purposes, you can use both available tools and special bunker devices sold in pet stores. The latter are very convenient, because you can fill them with food only once a week. The principle of their work is quite simple: a hopper in the form of a funnel with a narrow hole at the bottom is filled with a crumbly feed mixture, which flows into a peculiar trough, from which the rabbit eats. Such a simple mechanism allows the owners not to worry about the satiety of their dependents for a long time, so it is optimal for use on large farms.

Ceramic vessels or cans with low edges can be used as improvised feeders, in the center of which you need to fasten a jar of smaller diameter. This design does not allow rabbits to climb into the feeder with their feet and soil food, which is especially convenient when breeding young animals.

To make breeding rabbits more efficient in the winter, cages can be equipped with wooden nests or delivery rooms. These are original boxes with a height of 30-35 cm, the corners of which are covered with metal squares (so that rodents do not sharpen their teeth about them). Similar constructions can be made of both wood and polystyrene.

Vital

The water balance in the body of the rabbit is the key to its health. Lack of fluid can lead to serious deformities of the liver, kidneys and spleen, problems with digestive processes and the level of reproduction.Very often, rabbits who feel a lack of drinking have nephritis, which in most cases leads to death. That is why the issue of water supply is as important as feeding rabbits in winter.

Therefore, it is better to resort to the use of automatic drinkers, which will provide uninterrupted access to water. Such a device can be made with your own hands by filling a plastic bottle with water and turning it upside down so that the neck is on the bottom of a drinking vessel (for example, a tin can of suitable size). To allow water to flow for several days, use a 1-liter bottle that can be easily attached to the cage with wire.

How to feed the rabbits?

The daily diet of adults should be conducive to maintaining the already acquired body condition. This means that neither fasting nor overfeeding should be allowed. But to get good and healthy offspring, before the beginning of the period of sexual activity, the intensity of the bait can be enhanced, because the number of future brood and its quality directly depend on the amount of protein and vitamins consumed. So at this time you can give "farm" more grain (including germinated), bran, oil cake, grass meal. This assortment of food will be enough for rabbits to be even more than. You can feed a rabbit in winter with pine, spruce or juniper sprigs, limiting the daily dose to 200 grams. In order for such food to keep well in itself all the vitamins, it must be kept in a dark room or directly under the snow. Irreplaceable food for a rabbit can be potatoes, which must be thoroughly washed beforehand.

Rabbits do not refuse from man-made food: bread crumbs, cereals, soups. The main thing is that sweets do not sour and not become covered with mold. It is better to dry the bread initially in the oven, and the remnants of soups can be mixed with dry food. But it is better to limit the animals to a daily dose of 200 g.

What to feed the rabbit in the winter during mating?

Winter has come, so it's time to prepare the rabbits for mating. In this matter, not least the role played by proper nutrition. Before you bring a couple of mature rodents to produce offspring, they should be well nourished with germinated grain, which contains vitamin E, which is so valuable for an effective reproduction process. One individual can take up to 20 g of feed per day. An alternative option is to add baker's yeast to food at the rate of 5-6 g per day for 5 days, after which you can take a small three-day break. Table salt can be added daily to food: mature individuals should be given about 1.5 g, while younger ones will be enough for 0.5 g. Rabbit bosses also often practice mixing a small amount of chalk, bone or fish meal, food phosphates, etc. into the food. In general, in order for the feeding of rabbits to be optimal in winter, it is necessary to take into account their state of health, and only then draw up a daily diet.

Suckling females, which provide most of all the nutrients that enter their bodies with food, give to baby rabbits, they require more calories. Therefore, their daily menu should consist of protein foods: up to 100 grams of oats, legumes and feed crops, up to 50 grams of oil cake from sunflower, and about 30 grams from soy. All sorts of mineral impurities and roots will also be useful.

If you expect replenishment in your farm for the winter, it is worth thinking about the better to feed the rabbits in this case. Nursing females in addition to the usual food in need of products that promote lactation. The main components of the winter diet containing milk-containing substances will be leguminous plants, silage, dried herbs, etc. The most active feeding period is the 20th - the 45th day of lactation, when each rabbit requires its mother to eat 30 g more grain and 20 g hay.

How to grow offspring?

To give a good start to the newborn, you need to know well what to feed the monthly rabbit. The born babies, who were weaned from the queens (this is most often done after the 30th day of rabbit life), do not require much food. But even the smallness that they need to be provided must be very high in calories. At this age, the digestive system of the young is not quite ready for coarse cereal and vegetable feeds, so for the first few days after the absences, eared milk can be given fresh milk, whey and special mineral supplements.

Then you can gradually enter into the diet easily digestible products, such as young grass, red carrot, boiled potatoes, not very coarse hay of cereals and legumes. Bone meal helps in weight gain in winter. So, how much should feed a young rabbit like food? One-month cubs require only 1 g., Two-month-old - 2 g., And three-month-old - 4 g. this flour.

What herbs to prepare for winter?

A good way to quickly grow a crawl is to feed it regularly. But if for any reason this is not possible, then there is a worthy alternative - grass meal, which must be prepared in advance. To do this, green grass must be thoroughly dried in the shade, and then folded in a bag of natural material so that it is not tamped. Compacted plants are rapidly oxidized, resulting in accelerated destruction of carotene - the most valuable component of this feed.Immediately before using the dried raw materials must be thoroughly ground into flour, which will retain a maximum of useful properties. At the same time in nutritional characteristics, it is almost not inferior to the grain.

About what to feed domestic rabbits in the winter, you need to take care in advance, so prepare a good supply of hay from cereals and all sorts of herbs (preferably young ones that have not yet been peeled). Try not to use marsh or steppe grasses as feed - they will be very tough. Perfectly fit straw from peas, oatmeal or prosyanka.

Root vegetables - a source of vitamins during the cold months

In order not to constantly ask the question of how to feed the rabbit in winter, take care of the preparation of his favorite delicacy - carrots. If the crop of this vegetable does not allow us to feed it with eared ears, you can replace it with Jerusalem artichoke or Kuusik (mixture of rutabaga and forage cabbage).The last plant has large roots, reaching 7 kg, so that you can feed them even an extensive population of rodents. A good vitamin vegetable for them is pumpkin, which, among other things, can be easily and long stored. It can be given to rabbits raw, cut into pieces, or boiled, adding to dry food. The whole complex of nutrients, which is in the pumpkin, contributes to a good release of milk from lactating females, accelerated growth of offspring, as well as improving the quality and taste of rabbit meat. And seeds can be used as a remedy for worms, which often appear in young offspring.

Grain Feeding

Experienced breeders know perfectly well what kind of grain to feed rabbits to keep them plump. Cereals are rich in all the necessary rodent components:

  • proteins, which are mainly concentrated in legumes,
  • carbohydrates accumulated in cereals,
  • fats derived from oilseeds.

This type of feeding is especially important in winter, when there is a sharp lack of vitamins.At this time, rabbit breeders actively give their pets wheat, barley, corn and oat grains. The last rabbits love the most - they are very nutritious and do not contribute to the excessive accumulation of fat. It is better to chop a bitter barley and corn before feeding, because delicate rabbit stomachs can not withstand such a load. But do not give them only one type of grain - they need to be combined.

Do not forget that the body of the rabbit also requires a certain order, so you need to feed it at about the same time. In this way, you and the animal will do well, and feed will save.

How to feed?

Before you start rabbits, you should familiarize yourself with the list of products thanks to which the animals will develop harmoniously, enjoying fast growth rates, and give healthy offspring.

Rabbits - animals with irrepressible appetite. If they are healthy and the food is fresh and fragrant, then the animals are ready to chew it all day. In the summer, the problem of nutrition is solved very simply: eared ears can pinch green grass and gnaw a carrot, and will not refuse vegetable tops.

Types of winter feed

It is better to make stocks for the winter, because, as in the summer, rabbits need good nutrition, which includes proteins, and fats, and carbohydrates, and vitamins. Therefore, the diet of animals should be varied, but balanced. To the "winter" types of products include:

  • hay (makes up 60% of the daily rabbit menu),
  • juniper branches, spruce, aspen and other trees, of which cherry, plum, cherry, peach should be avoided (due to the presence of hydrocyanic acid, which is poison for fluffies),
  • root vegetables (you can plant carrots, potatoes, cabbage with a "stock", hoping that you have to feed and eared),
  • cereals (wheat, barley, millet, corn, etc.),
    legumes (peas, beans, lentils, alfalfa, etc.).

Animals are happy to eat special mixes that are sold in pet stores. The need for salt can be satisfied by buying a salt stone and putting it in a cage.

The abundance of dry feed in winter requires the entry into the body of an animal a sufficient amount of water. If it is dirty and does not change for several days - the craws won't drink it, the instinct of cleanliness is too strong in them. Therefore, the water should always be fresh, in sufficient quantity, and the feeders should be cleaned daily from food residue.

Feeding rules

The number of feedings depends on many factors: on the availability of free time for breeders, on the characteristics of the breed of animals, on their rapid or slow growth, on age. Feeding recommendations are as follows:

  • Rabbits should receive the next portion of food at the same time.
  • Необходимо следить, чтобы сухая трава в кормушках была всегда свежей.
  • Минимальное количество кормлений — 2 (утром и вечером, когда у кролов просыпается «зверский» аппетит), а оптимальное — 5-6, что очень редко получается у заводчиков из-за ежедневной занятости другими делами.
  • Нельзя допускать сырости и грязи в «жилище» ушастиков, потому что от таких условий они быстро заболевают и умирают, что называется, «пачками» — и взрослые, и малыши. The rabbit is sick - no appetite, weight is lost, immunity weakens. The animal dies very quickly.
  • A room that will “accommodate” animals to the extension of offspring and the desire to chew something should be well ventilated, but not blown through by drafts, well lit, but at the same time, so that eared people have the opportunity to hide in a shaded corner.
  • Do not allow the water to freeze. If the rats are thirsty, they will chew on ice. And this can adversely affect their health. Ice must be removed from the cell in a timely manner.
  • If both food and food are in a warm state, the animal's body will not have to spend energy to warm them, so the digestion process will occur faster, respectively - appetite will occur more often.
  • When animals begin to fatten before slaughter, they are best seated one at a time.
  • Bean crops and beetroot should not be abused. From the first in animals there is flatulence, from the second - loosening of the intestine.
  • Potatoes are much better absorbed if given in boiled form.
  • The transition from summer to winter meals occurs gradually. It is impossible to take and start feeding rats with hay and grain at one time.
  • Portions of greenery diminish from day to day, then at some of the meals they begin to be eliminated altogether.

If these moments are foreseen, the rabbits will also eat well in winter and produce strong and healthy offspring.

What to feed in the winter?

Animals will never be seduced by moldy and stale hay. Its quality depends on where it is stored and how it was harvested. Meadow grass is mowed at the beginning of summer - in June, until it starts to bloom. Days for this event, it is advisable to choose warm and sunny.

Even slightly dried grass is dried under the sheds on the decking with holes so that the air circulates freely in the blades of grass. Rabbits will eat such hay with pleasure.

And what about the grass, which could not be preserved properly, and the hay turned out to be rough and overdried? Such raw materials can be made grass meal. For lack of stuffy, made by all the rules blanks, she will go with a bang. To do this, the grass is placed in a bag of natural fabrics, not pressing tightly, and evenly distributing throughout the volume of the bag. Hard large stems are best removed immediately. When the hay is dry enough, chop it into fine crumb will be easy.

Ushastiks love crunching carrots, it’s not for nothing that these characters inevitably chew it in fairy tales. For rabbits, sweet carrot varieties are the most delicious.. And if you consider how much it contains vitamins and nutrients, it is quite clear why animals prefer it among other vegetable crops.

Cabbage, beets, carrots can be crushed and mixed with shredded - such a "dish" for fluffies will also be liked.
Very useful blanks are nettle shoots, collected at the beginning of summer and distributed on individual brooms.

Tree branches are also better to harvest on the fly. For animals, the incomparable pleasure is to sharpen your teeth on hard bark., while getting missing the body trace elements.

Features of feeding animals in the winter

Animals during the day, many times approach the feeders. The fact is that their the digestive tract is designed in such a way that food must be constantly ingested in order to promote digested food through the intestines. But at the same time you can not leave food in the feeders so that it does not sour.

Therefore, so that eared animals could constantly chew something, they should have fresh hay. Some breeders sometimes give straw as food in winter, but there are very few useful substances. Straw is still better to use as bedding.

Another feature of winter feeding is that eared ears eat their droppings at night. People who mistakenly believe that the rabbits do not gorge, begin to feed them hard. Is it correct? Why do fluffies eat waste of their vital activity? In the process of splitting coarse, dry feed (hay, grain, etc.), beneficial substances are released that do not have time to be absorbed by the body, because the rectal muscles push them out. When the animals again send the pellets to the stomach, the already recycled mass is absorbed much better, and the beneficial vitamins and amino acids in full get through the intestinal walls into the body.

Many are interested in whether it is possible to feed rabbits with food from the table in winter. Eared shy no porridge or soups, but care must be taken that food is neither fat nor spicy. Otherwise, problems with digestion are provided. As with any pets, for eared fish you need to plan a varied and balanced menu for the day.

Watch an interesting video with an example of a winter rabbit diet.

Females are placed in a separate warm room. As an option, equipped in the cellar aviary. During this period, it is recommended to focus on succulent feed: carrots, Jerusalem artichoke, cauliflower. In the feeders should always be harvested from the summer forbs. Typically, males in the mating period give hay and succulent feed for 150-200 grams, concentrated feed - 50 grams, meat and bone meal - 15 grams. For rabbits, the same, but the meat and bone meal is reduced to 8 grams, and the concentrate is increased by 10−15 grams.

Maintaining the norm is easy, most importantly, do not overdo it, you can not feed the rabbits.

Useful tips

When purchasing a troubled rabbit farm, one must assume that the most important thing for them is a sufficient amount of tasty, fresh and varied feed. Harvesting herbs is an important part for feeding rabbits in the winter. Indeed, besides the content of vitamins, herbs have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effect. It is recommended that wormwood, yarrow, dill be in sufficient quantity. Grass is added to dry meadow dues. If there is no hay, they are combined with compound feeds as a tasty additive. This allows us to transfer the winter period and give healthy offspring even at this time.

Rabbits are omnivores and have a calm disposition. But their digestive system functions in such a way that improper nutrition can lead to serious illnesses.

Features winter nutrition

If in summer, the animal's body spends energy to ensure the functioning of organs and their systems, and the excess is deposited in the form of fat reserves, in winter additional costs arise due to a decrease in ambient temperature. The body spends a large amount of energy to maintain a normal temperature. In summer, the rabbit needs plenty of fluids., to compensate for its loss due to evaporation at sufficiently high temperatures, so the diet is dominated by juicy vegetable food, which, although it does not provide a large number of calories, but provides the animal with the necessary moisture.

In winter, it is not difficult to keep the water balance, as sweating is minimized. At the same time, the caloric intake of the diet should increase substantially so that the rabbit's body does not use fat reserves, but, on the contrary, accumulates them. That is why in winter you need to give high-calorie fortified food, which will increase the weight of the animal.

Changing the diet in winter is also caused by the lack of fresh vegetable feed, and the dry version will not give the animal the necessary vitamins, elements and energy. For this reason, rabbits are fed various root crops, concentrates, and mixed feed.

Learn all about feeding rabbits, as well as what affects the lifespan and how much the rabbits live on average.

Vitamins for rabbits in winter

Root crops in the winter time help to avoid a lack of vitamins, but their reserves are not infinite, so sooner or later you will have to enter in the diet of vitamin and mineral supplements. This occurs at the end of winter, when it is cheaper to purchase a supplement than to purchase more root vegetables.

For normal life, rabbits need vitamins A and D. For this, animals are given fish oil or vitamin A concentrate (the first option is preferable). The daily rate of fish oil for an adult individual is 1 g. For young animals, 0.5 g. For nursing rabbits, 3 g. There is also a shortage of vitamin E, which is cheaper to fill with baking yeast or germinated grain. Essential minerals are phosphorus, calcium, sodium, chlorine. Bone meal or chalk is used to fill the first two minerals. But sodium and chlorine come along with table salt. The norm of salt for the young - 1 g. For adults - 1.5 g.

Important!During fattening, the amount of salt is doubled.

Mating period

During mating, rabbits need more energy, respectively, the caloric content of the daily diet should be increased, but within reason.

The daily diet of the male at the check:

  • hay - 150 g,
  • root crops or silage - 200 g,
  • concentrated feed - 55 g.

With regard to females, it is important age, which determines the need for feed. Older animals require less food, as they have more weight, but young females need a lot of energy so that they not only produce viable offspring, but also do not lose weight. The daily diet of an adult female:

  • hay - 180 g,
  • root crops or silage - 200 g,
  • concentrated feed - 60 g.

The daily diet of a young female:

  • hay - 250 g,
  • root crops or silage - 300 g,
  • concentrated feed - 70 g.

Note that the daily need for bone meal and salt does not change during the period of mating.

Did you know?The female rabbit has a forked uterus. This allows her to bear two litters from different males, conceived at different times.

Now consider the feeding schedule. With three meals a day feed is given at 8, 12 and 17 hours. At the same time, concentrates and hay are given in the morning, in the afternoon - root crops or silage, and the evening menu repeats the morning one, only with the addition of thin twigs.

Four meals include the following:

  • 6-00 - a third of concentrates and a quarter of hay from the daily norm,
  • 11-00 - half of root vegetables and a third of concentrates from the daily norm,
  • 16-00 - half of root crops and half of hay from the daily rate,
  • 19-00 - a quarter of hay and a third of concentrates from the daily rate.

Decorative rabbit

The diet of the decorative rabbit is completely different from the meat counterparts. The pet has a weak digestive system, so you can not use the above feed.

Check out the breeds of ornamental, fur and down rabbits.

In a cage, a domestic rabbit should always have fresh, high-quality hay that a pet can eat at any time. This means that you need to monitor not only the presence of this food in the cage, but also its quality. In pet stores you can find fresh grass for rabbits, which meets all quality standards. The price of such a product is high, but if you cannot pick herbs in the warm season far from roads and factories, then you have to buy so that the animal feeds balanced.

As for fruits and vegetables, their percentage in the diet should be minimized, since the abundance of such food will cause problems with the intestines.

Important!Do not give decorative rabbits cabbage and beets. Potatoes lead to obesity, and therefore also prohibited.

The following vegetables and fruits are perfect:

Learn more about the composition and beneficial properties of spinach, radish, celery, parsley, apples, pears, banana, grapes, strawberries, tangerines, oranges.

Every day, without fail, you need to give your pet granulated food, which supplies vitamins and minerals. Enough two tablespoons. This need is due to the fact that the animal cannot eat a lot of vegetables, which contain vitamins, and in the hay, vitamins and minerals are simply absent, so there is a shortage.

How to feed baby rabbits

With young rabbits there are always problems, because at some point in the menu you need to enter juicy food, which, if improperly fed, can cause disorder of the digestive system, with the result that you have to forget about such a supplement until the gastrointestinal tract returns to normal. Enter any new food you need gradually, starting with the lowest doses.

Find out when it is possible to set aside rabbits from rabbits, with what and how to feed rabbits without rabbits.

Further proposed standard winter diet for different age groups of baby rabbits.

From 1 to 2 months:

  • roughage - 50 g,
  • root vegetables - about 150 g,
  • concentrates - 35 g

Remember that hay must be of the highest quality, otherwise the young will have problems with the digestion of food. Their digestive tract is very sensitive, so carefully check the quality of the feed.

From 3 to 4 months:

  • rough food - 100 g,
  • root vegetables - 300 g,
  • concentrated feed - 55 g

Please note that the daily dose of chalk and salt for 1-2-month-old rabbits is 0.5 g, but for 3-4 months a day, 0.6 g should be given. From 5 months the dose is the same as for adult individuals. From 5 to 7 months:

  • hay - 150 g,
  • root crops or silage - 350 g,
  • concentrated feed - 55 g.

We advise you to read about the features and content of rabbit breeds: marder, New Zealand red, Soviet chinchilla, Angora, Californian.

What can not feed the rabbits

Remember that it is forbidden to give rabbits fresh, freshly cut grass. This applies to both meat and ornamental species. Any herb should be slightly dry, otherwise digestive problems will occur. This also applies to any salty, sour or sweet food.

It is forbidden to give the following herbs:

  • buttercup (causes diarrhea),
  • backache (leads to paralysis),
  • aconite (convulsions, after which death occurs),
  • mustard,
  • colza,
  • dope
  • spurge,
  • autumn crocus

Hazardous products:

  • beet,
  • root crops with rot or mold,
  • moldy silo.

Important!If the quality hay is over, you can replace it with pea or oat straw.

How to water rabbits in winter

Remember that the guarantee of health of your rabbits - around the clock access to clean water at an acceptable temperature. If the rabbit does not drink in time, then he will soon have problems with his kidneys. If the water is of poor quality or cold, then the animal will fall ill, and if it is young, then the chance of death is high. In winter, to provide a suitable water temperature is extremely problematic, even if the rabbits are kept in a warmed barn. However, progress does not stand still, so you do not have to change the water to warmer every 2 hours; special electric drinkerwhich will facilitate the care of animals. Drinking bowl is a kind of thermos with a built-in boiler, so the heated water will not cool. It also provides special sensors that regulate the heating of the fluid.

You can make a homemade version, but it is worth remembering that at night you will not be able to adjust the temperature of the liquid at all, as a result of which water may boil. If you cannot buy an electric drinker, then make a semblance of a thermos with several walls. This option is much safer, although it requires a lot of time.

Learn how to make drinking bowls for rabbits with your own hands.

How to prepare for winter

So that at the end of winter there is no shortage of hay or root crops, one should do all the necessary calculations at the end of summer to help prepare the required amount of feed.

First you need to count the number of individualsthat belong to different feed groups. After that, based on the standard daily menu, calculate the required number of different types of food. You should also take into account the error, so that in case of damage to a small part of the feed you do not have to buy it several times more expensive, or look for a replacement in a short time.

Once you have calculated the approximate feed amounts, you need prepare storage. It is no secret that if the roots are frozen, they should not be given to animals, otherwise they will become poisoned. If the hay starts to rot, then it will also have to be thrown away. It is important not just to collect the required quantity of products, but to correctly save and predict losses. Harvesting hay. Grass mowed in summer should be dried under well-blown canopies. Next, you need to check the quality of hay, remove weeds. After that, the hay is moved to a cool dark place and, for better preservation, sprinkle it with salt.

Harvesting valuable herbs. An excellent addition to the diet are dry herbs such as clover, wormwood, nettle. As in the case of hay, harvesting is carried out in the summer, dried, stored and monitored for safety. Give such herbs should be in small quantities. They can also be crushed and added to the combined feed. Did you know?In Australia, rabbits are considered the most destructive pests, as annually cause damage in the amount of more than $ 600 million. They not only destroy crops, but also displace many rare species of animals from their natural habitat.

Irrepressible appetite - a sign of excellent health

It should always be remembered that it is possible to determine how healthy a rabbit is by how strongly he has a constant desire to eat food. Another sign of well-being - the desire for regular reproduction.

Therefore, if the owner does not observe such characteristics in the fluffies, it means that any errors have been made in caring for them. В теплое время года обычно не возникает вопроса, чем кормить кроликов. Зимой же эта проблема волнует почти всех людей, которые содержат этих животных.It does not matter whether the animals are bred for commercial purposes or the fluffy lives at home like a furry friend.

Stocks for the winter

It has already been said that in the summer it’s not particularly necessary to worry about feeding rabbits, like any other domestic animals. Greens, which is so useful for pets because of the abundance in it of numerous useful substances, grows in abundance in the fresh air. There is no problem and the extraction of tree bark, eared necessary, as well as fresh vegetables. The situation is different with the onset of cold weather. In order for the ration of animals to be varied and, therefore, tasty and useful, care should be taken of stocks for the winter at the end of spring.

In order to understand what should be harvested, you must first understand what is the best way to feed rabbits in winter. So, stocks for the cold season must necessarily include hay. The daily diet of rodents should consist of about 60% of this product.

It is also necessary to collect a certain number of different branches. First of all, you should pay attention to such trees as aspen, spruce, juniper. Their wood contains a large amount of beneficial to the body of rabbits and nutrients.

Forbidden trees

Any rabbit breeder who decides to make a supply of branches for his pets for the winter should certainly remember that trees such as plum, cherry, sweet cherry and similar trees are not suitable for this purpose.

This can be explained by the fact that these fruit crops contain a rather large percentage of hydrocyanic acid. Such a substance is almost harmless in small quantities to humans and some animals. However, it should be understood that this product of plant life may cause undesirable effects in the body of rabbits. Eared pets will die if even a small amount of hydrocyanic acid gets into their food.

Food for man and his smaller brothers

The next important item from the list of what to feed the rabbits in winter are various root vegetables: potatoes, Jerusalem artichoke, beets, and the like. Therefore, the owner of the rabbit farm should take care not only of the stocks of such products for himself and his family, but also think about making these useful vegetables available to his pets.

Rabbits, which are so essential for protein, can be derived from foods such as legumes. Thank God, there is no shortage of such food in stores. Therefore, the owners are urged not to neglect the care of pets and regularly supply them with vegetables that are so important for life. It is necessary only to remember that an excess of these cultures in the diet of fluffy animals can lead to indigestion. There is such a rule: if the fruits of peas or beans are too large, then they should be lightly crushed.

If you do not neglect the above tips and know how to feed the rabbits in the winter, then the animals will be healthy and bring rich offspring.

The Queen of the Fields and Her Kindred

Various cereals are also great for a rabbit menu. As already mentioned, the shortage of such products in retail is not and is not expected. Therefore, you should regularly eat corn and other cereals in animals.

You can also use a variety of mixtures that are sold in pet stores and pharmacies, and in special points for the distribution of products for animal husbandry. These specially prepared nutritional formulations are happily eared fluffy. Usually their quality is not in doubt, because it is always maintained at the proper level.

Clean - the guarantee of health

Continuing the conversation about how to feed the rabbits in the winter, we will also mention such important detail as the sensitivity of these animals to the conditions in which they are kept. Yes, yes, as they say, not by bread alone. These representatives of the animal world are terribly picky and eager to keep clean in their home. The same requirement they apply to food that is served at the table.

Therefore, you should regularly do the cleaning in the room intended for breeding pets. You also need to pay attention to the fact that the food falling into the trough, has always been well enough washed. This is especially true of vegetable crops such as beets and potatoes.

Animal dwellings should be regularly ventilated, since the flow of fresh air is an important condition for maintaining their good appetite and desire for reproduction. It is not necessary, however, to arrange drafts in the rabbit. In these places there should always be a secluded corner where the pets will be comfortable and warm, and where they can always hide from unwanted strong winds.

Rabbit Disease

"What can be fed rabbits in the winter?" - the question is very sensitive. When fluffy use of stale products, they may experience various intestinal and other infectious diseases. Unfortunately, they are too susceptible to the effects of various adverse bacteria.

Therefore, you need to ensure that the food in the trough was always fresh. Leftovers that have been in a rabbit dwelling for quite some time should be removed. Such food can sour, and getting it into the stomach of rabbits can provoke indisposition. The treatment of such diseases is quite complicated. A very large percentage of them are fatal.

Five meals

How many meals should rabbits have during the day? Definitely no vet can answer this question. It is necessary to take into account numerous factors affecting this figure.

These indicators can be: the age of the animal, health, as well as the time of year. Females require a special approach to nutrition during pregnancy and immediately after it when feeding the calf.

However, most experts agree that food should be provided to these relatives of the forest hare at least twice a day. In this mode, meals should be arranged day and night. Such a choice of time of the day is due to the fact that in the early and late hours the rabbits experience the greatest appetite. This article is about the cold period. It should be said that scientists unambiguously determine how many times a day to feed rabbits in winter. Meals at this time of the year should be 5-6.

Discussing the question of how to feed the rabbit in the winter in the village, one cannot but touch upon the question of drinking. Moisture is necessary for the body of these animals as well as for many other creatures. Water in the drinking bowl must be fresh. If the rabbits live on the street, then you need to make sure that it does not freeze, turning into ice. This is fraught with the fact that the animals, feeling thirsty, begin to lick it, damaging the teeth and lips.

In addition, hypothermia is dangerous for the digestive system, as it can cause the development of various infections. Therefore, you need to monitor the condition of the drinker, and as soon as ice pieces appear in it, immediately remove them. In very cold winters, you can pre-heat the water before offering it to rabbits.

It is recommended to fill a drinking bowl at least twice a day: in the morning and in the evening.

Smooth diet change

What to feed rabbits in autumn and winter? The answer to this question has already been partially given in this article. It should be added that this transition from summer meals to a diet suitable for more severe conditions should be carried out gradually. Do not abruptly stop giving greens to animals and switch to hay feeding. Such an unexpected turn will be perceived by the body of rabbits as a severe stress. With the onset of autumn, you need to reduce the amount of fresh grass over and over again and increase the amount of dry food.

Hay and straw

The question of how to feed rabbits in the winter at home is much easier for the topic of keeping and feeding them in livestock farms. Therefore, this problem will be discussed later. Now it's time to talk about how to harvest hay for the winter and what properties it should have.

So, for the manufacture of this product is suitable meadow grass. It is best to collect it in the first month of summer, before it begins to bloom. It is best to make flour from greenery more coarse. There are special factories for the production of such a product. However, it can be cooked at home. It does not require any expensive fixtures.

The secret is that when the plants are dry enough, they need to be crushed before turning into fine dust. Dry the grass should be in bags. The best of them are those made of natural material. The resulting flour with a big appetite is eaten by rabbits. It is only necessary to ensure that there is always water in the drinker, since taking dry food can lead to dehydration. This, in turn, provokes stomach problems. When a catastrophic situation develops in a cattle-breeding farm, some farmers feed eared pets with straw. Her rabbits are also able to digest, but she does not benefit the body. Therefore, straw is best used as a litter in the dwelling of these rodents.

Favorite treat

Hares are often depicted in children's books with a carrot. Rabbits, as the closest relatives of the said animal, also love to eat this root vegetable. In addition to carrots, fluffies can be given beets, cabbage, Jerusalem artichoke and other vegetables. These products should be a significant part of the diet, as they satisfy the body's need for vitamins necessary for normal life.

However, as already mentioned, sanitary rules should not be neglected. Root vegetables should be thoroughly washed before filling the rabbit feeder with them. Vegetables can also be chopped and mixed with other foods, such as hay or cereals. Rabbits like to eat such mixtures. A menu rich in vegetables will help keep pets from freezing in winter, and their vigor will lead to healthy and strong offspring.

Hardened animals

In some farms, rabbits are kept in unheated rooms. Such living not only does not harm them, but even contributes to the development of their immunity and improvement of the quality of the skins. It also reduces the risk of exposure to harmful bacteria, the environment of which is spoiled food, which is often not removed in time from the feeders.

Of course, rabbits should be transported to warm houses with severe frosts (from 20 degrees below zero). A small cold is not able to adversely affect such animals.

It is known that rabbits not only successfully live in low temperature conditions, but also reproduce well. The offspring born at this time is considered the most healthy and strong. How to feed rabbits in the winter outside? First of all, it is necessary to increase the number of products containing protein. Such food will not allow animals to freeze, as its calorie content is high enough. Eating a rabbit living in the cold season in the open air should be balanced and regular. How many times to feed rabbits in the winter? Meals should take place at clearly set hours, at least 6 times a day.

Potato: harmful or useful?

This vegetable undoubtedly benefits these fluffy rodents. In addition to its nutritional value, due to the increased starch content, which is shown to rabbits, it is also an excellent tool for training your teeth. It is known that they grow in rodents at a rate of about 2 mm per week. Therefore, if you do not give them enough hard food, the animals will experience inconvenience due to disproportionately large teeth. So, the question of whether it is possible to feed rabbits with raw potatoes in the winter can be answered in the affirmative.

Another product that promotes the normal development of teeth is wood. It is necessary to store in large quantities branches of various plants so that the rabbits have something to nibble in the winter. Also suitable for this bark. What kinds of trees can be eaten by rodents and which are not, mentioned in one of the first chapters.

What to feed rabbits in winter at home

So far, the article has dealt with animal nutrition in farms. Now it's time to talk about how to feed an ornamental rabbit in winter. In the field of nutrition, the needs of both types are the same. Therefore, all those products that were listed above can be given to decorative pets. Food of such animals can be varied due to grass grown in pots on the windowsill.

Such greens are sold in almost every pet store. It should also be recalled that a rabbit should be eaten often enough, since a constant supply of fresh food is necessary for the healthy functioning of the digestive tract. This is explained by the fact that the organism of the fluffs is designed so that the muscles of the intestine are almost not developed. Therefore, for the successful passage of food requires that new products entering the body, pushed it forward.

As for the potato, it can be served to the table of a pet, both raw and cooked. It should only cut out from her eyes, containing harmful bacteria, as well as thoroughly wash the tubers. This product is contraindicated only for lactating and pregnant females, as well as for newborns and infants. It is also not necessary to neglect various food additives, which are sold in specialized stores, because they contribute to the saturation of the body of animals with essential vitamins and other useful substances.

This substance is the only seasoning that is permissible to be eaten in rabbits. However, it is not recommended to feed them salted foods. To saturate the body with this substance it is recommended to buy special balls sold in stores.

Feed

Farms often use special food blends that are sold in livestock departments. However, such dishes can be prepared independently. An example of such a recipe is given below.

In a container intended for food, you need to mix the crushed hay with trimmed potatoes, beets and other vegetables, and add to the specified mass tops. This "salad" should be covered with a lid and left in this form for two or three days. All components of the composition will give juice. The resulting dish will be quite nutritious and fortified. As a rule, rabbits enjoy eating this product.

Conclusion

This article addressed the issue of how to feed rabbits at home and in animal husbandry during the winter period. We discussed what products are necessary eared fluffies, as well as what nutritional supplements to use in order that the livelihoods of pets was the most successful and productive. There was also a question about how to feed rabbits in the winter outside. If you follow these tips, your animals will not get sick and their activity will increase many times due to the care of their owners.

Content requirement

Although the winter maintenance of rabbits on the street is quite common, but if the room is not equipped, animals in extreme cold feel uncomfortable. They start to hurt, lose weight, even a high-quality diet does not help to keep the livestock in full force. Therefore, rabbits are required to organize comfortable living and breeding conditions.

  • The cells must let in fresh air, but they are not allowed to have drafts.
  • Top roof covered with iron to prevent moisture from entering.
  • From the outside, the cells and mother liquor are insulated with foam or nonwoven material.
  • If rabbits are kept in a shed, then the intermediate space between the walls is filled with natural heat insulators: leaves, moss, straw.
  • Attach a pallet under the mesh floor, underlay heat insulating material underneath.
  • At the bottom of the floor lay a thick layer of straw.
  • Air vents are equipped with valves, so that in severe frosts they can be covered.

Dampness and dirt for rabbits are destructive, under unsanitary conditions, animals easily become ill and quickly die.

Types of winter feed

Full winter feeding is the key to the health and performance of rabbits. The diet should be varied and balanced, include the necessary trace elements, vitamins, fiber, carbohydrates. In order to provide the rabbit's body with all the valuable components, it is necessary to make stocks in the fall. What feeds are part of the winter nutrition, how can they be given?

Roughage

This group includes meadow, legumes, grass hay and branch feed.

Dry herbs form the basis of the diet (60%), it is important to properly prepare it in order to preserve the nutritional value. The quality and properties of hay depend on proper harvesting and storage. In June, during the flowering of herbs, choose a sunny day and mow in the meadow or in the steppe. Then the grass is dried in the sun, the final drying takes place under a canopy. Следует учитывать, что взрослый кролик в год потребляет примерно 40 кг, крольчонок до четырехмесячного возраста съедает 10 кг сухого корма.

Хорошо заготавливать витаминные веники из крапивы, кролики едят ее очень охотно. Собирают растение в июне, когда оно сочное и пушистое, связывают в пучки и сушат. Потом крапиву можно измельчать и добавлять в мешанки.

Если сено получилось пересушенным и грубым, его измельчают, заготавливая травяную муку (ее хорошо включать в состав мешанок). Как приготовить?

  • Too large hard and thick stems are harvested.
  • An ordinary linen bag is filled with hay, not too tightly distributed throughout the volume.
  • The mattresses are laid out in a room with good ventilation.
  • When the grass dries completely, it is right in the container, well crumpled and frayed.

Oatmeal or millet straw is suitable for feeding from cereals, other types are used only for bedding.

As for straw from marsh grasses, its breeders are not used because of their low nutritional value.

Twig feed

Rabbits with pleasure eat a branch feed, it is an integral part of a winter diet. Tree shoots have a positive effect on the well-being of animals, provide valuable vitamins and minerals, and stimulate digestion. Also, the dense structure of the feed helps grind down ever-growing teeth. What tree branches can be given:

  • shoots of apple, maple and acacia will do,
  • Aspen and willow bark contains antibacterial substances,
  • the vine is a source of vitamins,
  • oak and alder are fed during digestive disorders,
  • the use of birch brooms in large quantities is undesirable, since an overabundance causes kidney disease,
  • juniper and spruce - excellent vitamin food, but give them no more than 100-200 g, as they contain essential oils.

Harvesting tree branches in June and July, not too thick shoots are cut, no more than a centimeter thick. The broom length is about 50 cm, the branches are tied into loose bunches, dried under a canopy in the shade. Pine needles are stored under snow or in the cold.

Rabbits can not be fed branches of stone fruits (plums, cherries, apricots). The presence of poisonous hydrocyanic acid in them threatens animal poisoning and death.

Succulent feed

In winter, the category of succulent feed is represented by roots:

  • carrots provide carotenoids, vitamins A, C and D,
  • sugar beet or fodder beet is fed to youngsters up to 250 g, for adults the daily intake is increased to 400 g,
  • Jerusalem artichoke - a source of vitamins of group B, zinc, iron, potassium, can be fed to rabbits up to 250 g, rabbits up to 150 g,
  • pumpkin is a vitamin product with a milking effect
  • Vitamin K is in cabbage and contains a lot of calcium, iron, potassium and phosphorus,
  • silo Fermented juicy herbs or vegetables - a great source of carbohydrates and vitamins, but it is not a lot of minerals and protein.

Juicy food goes well with mixed feed or bran in a crushed form.

If there is a beet pulp, it is not used separately, it is given only in mash.

Concentrated feed

Make up 35% of the total diet, divided into groups:

  • cereal. Carbohydrate-rich foods (corn or oats),
  • legumes. They contain protein (peas, soybeans, lentils),
  • oilseeds. These include cake, allowed to give and meal.

Usually rabbits are fed with oats, wheat, rye, barley and corn are crushed before the dacha.

To feed the rabbits, special feeds are made, but it is not always possible to purchase them. You can use the nutritional mixtures for pigs or calves, according to the vitamin composition, they are suitable for eared pets. Bird feed contains shell rock and gravel, therefore it cannot be used.

What are the features

Feeding rabbits in the winter has its own nuances: low temperatures require high energy costs, so the food should be sufficiently high-calorie, rich in vitamins and trace elements. This will help pets feel great even in extreme cold. If you ignore this condition, the animal will spend all the energy on heating, the fat layer will decrease, and the lack of nutrition will affect the immunity. Rabbits will find it harder to resist low temperatures.

Features of winter feeding.

  • You should not make a sharp transition to a different type of food, the rabbit's stomach must adapt to the consumption of dry food. Portions of green fodder are gradually reduced, hay is added. It is important that it is clean, without signs of mold.
  • It is required to increase the nutritional value of the consumed substances: the volume of roughage and concentrates increases in comparison with the summer period.
  • It is best to give food in the form of warm mash. Warm food freezes more slowly, and the body does not have to spend energy to warm it.
  • Frozen root vegetables are thawed, chopped or boiled.
  • Feed give at least 6 times a day, making a schedule. When non-compliance with the physiological needs of animals, it is difficult for them to resist the cold, they begin to freeze and lose weight.
  • The rodent digestive tract is designed in such a way that for normal functioning it needs regular food intake, but in small portions, so the rabbits constantly chew something. Therefore, you need to always be fresh hay.
  • During the frost period, vitamin and mineral complexes are necessarily included in the diet.
  • Potatoes give no green spots of chlorophyll, peel and boil.

The food left after feeding is immediately removed: it is impossible to allow it to freeze in the feeders.

Sometimes breeders notice that their pets eat their litter at night. Thinking that insufficient nutrition increases its quantity. In fact, this process is called coprophagy and is inherent in many species of animals with an accelerated digestive system. With an increase in the amount of coarse feed, re-processing of nutrients occurs that did not have time to digest during the first digestion. But this concerns only soft feces. If the rabbits eat hard pellets, it is a signal that the animal lacks looped components or food.

When not enough hay

What if there is not enough hay? What can replace a valuable product? When there is a little dry meadow grass, first of all it should be delivered to pregnant and lactating females, the young people also need the necessary food.

The rest of the hay specimens are replaced with sparse feed, if mating is not planned, it is allowed for the short term to introduce millet, oat straw, or hay of leguminous crops into the diet. Other types of straw are suitable only for bedding.

Water is important for rabbits even in winter, liquid is a necessary component of the vital activity of any organism, and normal metabolic processes take place with its help. In the cold period, animals also need water. If it is not enough, because of the abundance of dry food, they begin to drink urine, and this negatively affects their condition and weight gain, and threatens kidney diseases.

Rabbits should receive clean water twice a day. So that it does not freeze too quickly and they do not have to gnaw the ice, they pour warm water into its drinkers.

Some people think that it is enough to put snow in the cages in winter to satisfy the need for water. It is not right. Eating cold mass, the animal is more cold, experiencing discomfort.

Feeding during the breeding season

How to feed rabbits during the breeding season? In winter, for producers, quality food is needed, the viability of the offspring depends on it. For mating choose the strongest, well-fed, healthy animals. It is necessary to stock up a good feed, it already contains all the necessary components. Normal nutrition enriched by the introduction in the diet of cakes, meat and bone meal, fish, bran. The daily servings of the male should be increased by 30%, avoiding food that provokes obesity. Meat and bone meal requires 15 g.

Rabbits, selected for okrol in winter, are prepared for reproduction in advance, paying them special attention:

  • During mating in the diet of the female, it is important that juicy food predominates; if there is, it is recommended to give cauliflower and Jerusalem artichoke.
  • In the trough you need the constant presence of high-quality meadow hay.
  • Grain food and potatoes are given in limited quantities so that the female does not become fat.
  • When using granulated feed necessarily add roots.
  • Making an hourly schedule of food intake, it should be borne in mind that in the interval from 11 to 15 hours mating is planned.

If the rabbit feeding is organized correctly, the body will be prepared for reproduction, mating and giving birth will be successful. The female has enough strength to feed and warm the winter litter.

Feeding pregnant and lactating females

It is better to place the suckling females into the queen cells immediately, providing favorable conditions for carrying the pregnancy. The body spends strength on the growth of embryos, so the rabbit is provided with all types of winter feed, vitamins and meat and bone meal. Salt and chalk are constantly in the trough, to provide fortified food give germinated wheat grains. Be sure to include in the diet carrots, zucchini, boiled potatoes are allowed, but only in small quantities. Before okolom reduce the dosage of roughage, and the volume of concentrates increase.

Nursing females must continue to give vitamin and mineral supplements, do not restrict drinking. To increase the volume of milk in the composition of the mixers use whey, kefir, silage and pumpkin have a good effect on lactation. Hay requires high-quality meadow, the proportion of concentrated feed is increased to 60%. If before the beginning of lactation 8 g of meat and bone meal is enough, starting from the first month, its dosage is gradually increased to 20 - 40 g.

Approximate ration of rabbits in winter:

Feeding baby rabbits

Rabbits are especially vulnerable during the cold season, so they pay special attention. Principle: do not overload the stomachs of babies, new feed is introduced gradually, with an interval of at least 3 days. What to feed the little rabbits?

  • The first three weeks, the young feed on mother's milk, in 20 days their teeth erupt, they begin to slowly chew stalks of hay.
  • From the 25th day you can give fresh carrots, at first not more than 20 g per day.
  • In monthly rabbits, milk already makes up 20% of the basic ration, therefore feed and concentrates are gradually included in the diet, mash potatoes are made (25 g).
  • For active growth, young animals need a high content of protein (up to 16%). In winter, the protein is increased by bean hay, meat and bone meal (2-4 g) is added, and powdered milk is added to the mash.
  • By the age of two months, when jigging occurs, crushed grain, bran (initially 5-10g) is already included in the diet.

The multiplicity of feedings in winter should be at least 5-6 times, this is especially important after weaning from the mother, so that the rabbits do not experience hunger and gain weight well even at low temperatures.

If the rabbit refuses to feed the young or has fallen, they are transplanted to other dairy females. When there is no such opportunity, they feed cow or goat milk from a pipette, adding a little condensed milk. You can use infant formula.

Rabbits must receive water, if the liquid freezes or they drink little, they must be forced to drink through the nipple.

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