Stephanotis is a light-loving plant and therefore it is desirable to place the pot in a brightly lit place. At the same time direct sunlight can dry the leaves. In order to avoid negative consequences, it is optimal to place the pot near the north-west or east window. In winter, it is advisable to install the plant under a 30-watt fluorescent lamp, so that it begins to blossom by the beginning of the next season.
The temperature in the room with the plant should be in the range of 20-25 degrees (in winter - not less than 16 degrees). Stephanotis does not tolerate drafts and temperature drops, so the balcony or the dacha is not the best place to grow it.
Watering the plant also has its own rules: from March to October it should be watered abundantly, while ensuring that water does not stagnate in the pan. Between irrigation the ground should dry out. In winter, the supply of water becomes more moderate. For irrigation, use distilled water that does not contain lime.
It is important to regularly spray the plant, keeping the air humidity within 80-85%. This procedure is especially important in winter when the air in the apartments becomes excessively dry. Spraying is done moderately so as not to cause various diseases in the seedling. During flowering spraying stops.
If stefanotis has not been transplanted for a long time, it needs additional feeding from fresh soil containing the necessary natural elements. From early spring to July, you should feed the vine every 10 days. Organic and mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus are also added. They accelerate flowering and decorative qualities of the plant. Top dressing is carried out not earlier than two hours after watering.
Young stephanotis is transplanted annually in March, and older plants every 2-3 years. A sign that the plant should be replanted is a rapid drying of the soil. It blooms better in a close pot, so even age vines should be placed in pots of the same size. At the same time in the bottom of the tank should be provided with holes for draining water.
The soil mixture for the plant is harvested with the addition of peat, river sand, humus and sod land in the same proportions. The optimum level of soil acidity is 5.5-6.5 pH. Also a small amount of expanded clay is added to the pot and a solid support is established: the plant is rapidly gaining growth and will soon need support.
A small pruning plants spend from January to February. This is necessary due to the fact that the ovaries of flowers appear exclusively on new shoots. Also pruning can be done in summer to increase the length of flowering.
The plant propagates by cuttings, although it is considered difficult to root. For breeding last year's shoots are used in the spring and summer. The cuttings are planted in pots with a diameter of 8-10 cm in the soil mixture prepared by the method described above. For rooting stephanotis shoots used artificial heating, which can act as a battery located under the windowsill or fluorescent lamp.
The plant requires additional care in order to avoid the development of a disease such as powdery mildew. To do this, it is processed every seasonally with the drug "Home" (3-4 ml per liter of water). In addition, spider mites and aphids can overcome stephanotis. To combat them, the biological drug "Akarin" (3-4 ml per liter of water) is used. Also suitable "Aktellik", "Kleschevit" or "Fitoverm." Remedies against pests are used every 2-3 weeks.
What do we know about stephanotis?
Evergreen grass creeper Stephanotis came to us from the distant island of Madagascar. The plant looks very unusual due to its winding long stems with dark green glossy leaves.
Particularly impressive are similar to asterisks flowers Stephanotis - white clusters of blossoming crowns of five delicate petals on graceful legs. Because of the subtle fragrance, the flower is sometimes called exotic Madagascar Jasmine.
Stephanotis flowers can often be found atwedding bouquetThe touching beauty of which gently complements the white dress of the bride. The curly stems of the plant branch luxuriantly and densely and grow long with proper care. up to 6 meters. With the help of gratings and special supports, stephanotis adorns the walls, windows and winter gardens.
In nature, 12 species of flower are known, but only home-grown Floribunda Stephanotis floriferous.
In nature, the plant blooms most of the year, and indoors from spring to October.
Staphanotis at home requires strict adherence to the rules of care, patience and care. It is important to remember that the juice of the plant is rather pungent and may cause irritation. Florists with sensitive skin are advised to care for Stephanotis in rubber gloves.
Lighting and site selection
Southerner Stefanotis loves the light and the sun, but not direct sunlight, which can cause burns on its leaves.
In the hot season it is advisable to keep the flower in the western or eastern window. If he settles on the southern windowsill, from the active sun of his will need to pritenyat.
Heat-loving plant does not like overheating. In the summer for him the temperature should not exceed 23 ° С, and in the winter it likes a light cool - about 15 ° C.
With a lack of lighting Madagascar jasmine stops blooming. But if in winter organize him backlight, stefanotis all year round will be able to please their owners with the exquisite beauty of delicate flowers.
Keep it to the window that is not used for ventilation, especially in the winter. During the appearance of the ovary should not move the flower from place to place, and even turn from side to side in order to avoid cessation of flowering.
Humidity and watering
Stephanotis hails from humid subtropics, therefore it prefers high humidity. It is necessary to place the plant in the winter time as far as possible from the batteries and try to provide it artificial moisture.
You can put water containers next to it or humidify regularly around the plant from the sprayer.
Madagascar Jasmine Loves daily abundant moisture in the warm season. It is necessary to spray it with clean slightly warm water, trying not to fall on the tender inflorescences.
Winter flower is desirable moisturize with care and not so plentiful. From spring to autumn, stephanotis is poured over with soft water at room temperature. once in 2 days.
Methods of pest control of indoor plants and prevention tips can be found in our article.
About the features of care for philodendron read here.
Rules of care for codiaems at home, read our article at the link: http://sad-doma.net/houseplants/decorative-leaf/kroton/kodieum-uhod.html
To provide flower constant humidity in the summer, you should put the plant pot in a container with gravel and water poured into it. It only remains to ensure that the gravel is always wet and the bottom of the pot is dry. In winter time flower watering once in 7 days.
Soil and transplant
The soil moody stephanotis prefers slightly acidic with a complex composition. For normal plant growth make the following mixture: peat or humus, sand, clay and hardwood in the ratio of 3: 2: 1: 1.
Alkaline composition of the earth can prevent flowering Madagascar Jasmine.
Stephanotis is transplanted only when necessary.
Flower transplant is carried out as follows:
- Is chosen heavy ceramic pot with a diameter larger than 1 cm — it should be noted that stefanotis has a strong root system.
- It is important to remember to put a drain on the bottom of the pot, so that there is no stagnation of water.
- Stephanotis is transplanted into a new transfer pot with an old lump of earth left so that small roots will not be damaged and cut off, otherwise the flower can pull. If this happens, you need to add root growth stimulants to the water for irrigation. Small roots quickly grow and the plant will come to life.
- After transplanting the plant follows water with care, avoiding an overabundance of water in the roots. It is better to spray more often.
- In the middle of summer, to prolong the abundant flowering, shoots of stephanotis need to be pinned, leaving on the stems of 8 pairs of leaves.
Stefanotis is attractive to many florists because form the original shape of the plantby doing the correct pruning.
It can grow in the form of a compact bush or a long branching vine, bordering the wall. Flower is cut in early spring.
First, damaged and weak shoots are removed, and other stems can be cut to half the length. The main stem is desirable to cut as less as possible.
Strong pruning stefanotis afraidso you need do it with careotherwise it may not recover.
Feed stephanotisdesirable only in spring and summer twice a month as fertilizer for flowering plants. In winter, the flower is better to give take a break from dressing. In the spring when forming buds should choose fertilizers with a low nitrogen content.
Madagascar jasmine breeds cuttings and seeds.
Home care plant seeds practically do not ripen, therefore, seed planting method is not used.
Plant stephanotis cuttings best in early spring.
The breeding order is as follows:
- Required cut shootsthat have one pair of leaflets. Crop need a little lower than these leaves.
- Followed by plant shoots in the mix from sand and peat and contain them at a temperature about 25 ° C. A month later, shoots must be sprout the first roots.
- Then plants need transplanted into separate small pots and keep them in a bright room at a temperature 16-18 ° C.
- Further once a year seedlings need to cross and pinch.
The main problems of stephanotis:
- Leaves start to turn yellow. Causes: lack of light or watering with hard water.
- Rare bloom. Causes: poor nutrition, poor light.
- Fall buds. Causes: change of place, drafts, insufficient watering.
- Drooping leaves of a flower. Reason: cold room.
- Slow growth. Reason: lack of trace elements.
The beautiful flower Stefanotis can be attacked by a scab, a mealybug, a greenhouse aphid and a spider mite. It is necessary to regularly inspect the plant for insects, and if such a nuisance has already happened, treat it with special pest control agents.
Recommendations professionals to care for stephanotis at home, see the video:
As you can see, stefanotis successfully grown at home. A little work, patience and tender care - and the plant will reward the diligent grower fresh green leaves and the luxury of snow white exquisite flowers with the finest aroma.
Stephanotis: appearance features
In the indoor floriculture stephanotis occurs blooming or as it was nicknamed by the people - Madagascar jasmine. No wonder he got this name, because during the flowering period, the entire liana is covered with delicate and fragrant flowers. Curly shrubs can reach a height of 5 meters, so it is widely used for decorating interiors or conservatories, it looks no less great in cutting.
The leaves are oval-shaped, slightly elongated, dark green, with a glossy sheen. The shape of the inflorescences resembles an umbrella, the diameter of the flowers is no more than 5 cm. A strong support is necessary for growing stephanotis.
Most often the flower is propagated vegetatively, rooting small cuttings. Growing stefanotis from a cutting is a laborious and troublesome business, so for beginning flower growers, experts recommend purchasing a flower in a container.
The cuttings are cut in the spring, choosing the partially woody shoots of the last year. The cut fragment should have 2-3 internodes and several healthy leaves. The lower cut should go just below the internode (2 cm). For successful rooting, the stephanotis shoot is treated with a root formation stimulator. For growing plants from cuttings prepare a small container and fill it with calcined in the oven river sand. The shoot is placed in the substrate with a certain slope and deepened by no more than 15 mm. The container must be placed on an electrically heated mat, and a transparent polyethylene cap is worn on top. In greenhouse conditions, with high humidity, Stefanotis takes root in 20-25 days and will delight its owner with new shoots.
Young copies purchased in a store or grown from a cutting will need to be transplanted to a permanent place. For a flower such as stephanotis, care should begin with the choice of substrate and planting capacity.
Stephanotis is one of the few plants that prefers heavy, clayey soils. It is better to prepare the mixture yourself using the following ingredients:
- leafy ground - 3 parts
- clay-sod land - 2 parts,
- fibrous peat substrate –1 part,
- medium grained sand - 1 part.
Drainage of expanded clay, splinters of red brick or pebbles must be put on the bottom. When choosing a substrate, alkaline compounds should be avoided, otherwise the plant will not bloom. Slightly acidic soil is the best option for growing tropical vines.
When growing stefanotis, the planting pot is chosen to be roomy and deep enough, since its roots are powerful and branched. It is better to purchase a stable ceramic container so that the overgrown vine will not knock it down.
Lighting, temperature and humidity
The flower prefers intense, but at the same time diffused lighting. Stains (burns) may form on the leaves due to exposure to midday sunlight. For this reason, it is recommended to place stephanotis on windowsills facing east or west, or to place tubs near a window, behind a tulle curtain. In winter, it may suffer from a lack of natural lighting, so it is advisable to use additional lighting.
To grow stephanotis requires a moderately warm air temperature. In summer, the optimal range is from +18.5 ° C to +22 ° C. In winter, 5–6 degrees lower, a critically low figure of + 12 ° C. The plant responds well to the flow of fresh air, but it is important not to overdo it, stefanotis does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature and drafts. Ventilate the room, you need to put the plant pot away from the open window, especially in winter.
Like most tropical plants, stephanotis prefers moist air. In the summer, it is desirable to spray the vine daily, in the winter it is worth confining to a wide container with water placed near the flower. Cool air and high humidity can cause some fungal diseases.
Watering and fertilizing
Good care for stephanos, it is, above all, competent watering. During the active growth phase, the flower is watered abundantly, focusing on the state of the substrate. Between the procedures, the top layer of soil should have time to dry no more than half a centimeter. In winter, watering is reduced, especially if the air temperature in the room is below +16 ° C. Moderate watering in the rest phase is a guarantee of flowering next season. Water for irrigation take warm, non-chlorinated and soft.
Feeding is carried out only in the period from March to the first of September. Experts recommend alternating mineral fertilizers and organic. The frequency of applying feedings - every 10-15 days. The development of the plant is favorably affected by a solution of superphosphate and potassium salt, from organic matter - cow dung diluted with pure water in a ratio of 1:10.
Transplanting and pruning stephanotis
An integral part of caring for stephanotis is its transplant. Young plants are transplanted annually, adult specimens - as the root system grows (1 every 2-3 years). The procedure is best carried out in February, while the flower is at rest and less susceptible to stress.
Before transplanting it is recommended to prune the vines, but not more than 1/3 of the total length. It rejuvenates the plant and favorably affects its appearance. It is also necessary to remove dried inflorescences in a timely manner so that Stefanotis does not use valuable nutrients for seed development.
Adult specimens are recommended to bind to supports. Given that the vine can grow up to two meters or more, some growers establish a strong arcuate frame. With the help of Stefanotis, you can frame arches or window openings, especially if the flower is grown in a greenhouse or in a winter garden.
As you can see, care stephanotis uncomplicated. Subject to good lighting, regular watering and fertilizing, the plant will delight its owner for years, filling the room with a delicious fresh scent.
Stephanatis perfectly tolerates the temperature regime of modern apartments or private houses. In winter, the temperature for it can be reduced to + 12-16 ° С, but this is not necessary, especially since it is difficult to do this in an apartment, just like finding a suitable room. What he fears the most is sudden changes in temperature and drafts.In this regard, it should not be taken out in the summer on the street, if the difference between night and day temperatures is significant. It can just ruin the plant.
Watering and humidity
Stephanotis, as well as hoya prefer abundant watering, but rare. Before watering, you should make sure that the ground in the pot is a little bit, but dried out. And yet, it should not be allowed to dry out the soil.
As for the humidity of the air, it needs to be maintained at a certain level. This is especially critical in the winter, when the heating is turned on in the apartment. During this period, Stephanotis needs to arrange a shower with warm water 2 times a day. Water temperature should be significant.
If the flower is regularly transplanted, then it is not necessary to specifically feed. If it is not transplanted, then feeding will not hurt. Fertilizers should be applied from the moment of the beginning of active flower development. At the same time, you need to choose fertilizers with the presence of phosphorus in them in order to activate the flowering process. Fertilizers are applied after watering, no earlier than 2 hours. Closer to the fall, from the second half of the summer, feeding must be stopped.
This is no less important point in the cultivation of stephanotis in a small space. As practice shows, this flower grows well in a fairly close pot. He not only grows well, but also blooms beautifully, despite the fact that he is cramped in such a pot. It is safe to say that transfers should not be abused, and this should be done only in extreme cases when the ground in the pot dries out. In this case, it should be transplanted into a more spacious pot, 1.5-2 cm more than the previous one. After the purchase, it is necessary to transplant it, it is necessary to buy a plant with a height of not more than half a meter.
The transplant substrate can be prepared according to the following recipe:
- Garden land - 1 part.
- Peat - 1 part.
- Compost - 1 part.
- Coarse sand - 1 part.
The pot will go cramped with good drainage holes. Drainage should occupy about 20% of the height of the pot. At the same time, you should think about support. It can have a different shape, depending on the desire of the owner of the flower, and you should not forget that the plant is constantly growing. If the plant feels normal, then its growth can be at least one and a half meters.
Trimming and Pinching
Stephanotis must be cut every spring, because the flowers on this plant are tied only on young shoots. To form a crown and the emergence of new shoots can be carried out pinching. If the flower in the summer period to constantly pinch, then it increases the flowering period.
Bud fall - drafts, lack of water.
The leaves turn yellow - watering with hard water. lack of light.
The plant does not bloom - poor lighting or a sharp decrease or increase in temperature.
Buds wither - insufficient watering.